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Western Adventure 2011 8.5x11

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Western Adventure 2011 8.5x11 - Page Text Content

S: Francescangeli Western United States Tour, 2011

BC: THE END July, 2011 | Created by Vincent Francescangeli Jr.

FC: Outdoors | Motorcoach Tour of The American West July 2011 | Old Faithful | Crazy Horse | Mt. Rushmore | Yellowstone | Bison

1: Rapid City, South Dakota | Rapid City Airport | The Radisson Rapid City | Rapid City Brewing Company | Saturday, July 16, 2011 | Rapid City Street corners have bronze presidential statures | 1

2: THE CRAZY HORSE MEMORIAL | The Crazy Horse Memorial has been under construction since 1948. It is far from completion. Crazy Horse was a Lakota warrior. The statue was commissioned by Lakota elder, Henry Standing Bear. The sulptor was Korczak Ziokowski. It is still operated by his wife, Ruth and her family. They run The Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation. It is a non-profit organization and has accepted no public funds. At this time, if it were completed, it would be the worlds largest sculpture. | Sunday, July 17, 2011 | 2

3: The Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation has accepted no funds from the federal government to complete this project. In fact, explosive manufacturers donate explosives which are due to expire. | THUNDERHEAD MOUNTAIN, S.D. | 3

4: Mount Rushmore South Dakota | Sunday, July 17, 2011 | 4

5: Mount Rushmore is near Keystone, South Dakota. It was sculpted by Gutzon Borglum and his son Lincoln. South Dakotan historian, Doane Robinson conceived the idea of carving the likenesses of famous people in the Black Hills region as a tourist attraction. The sculptor decided on using national presidents. The sculpting started in 1927 and was completed in 1934. Of note, the likeness of Thomas Jefferson was initially to George Washington's right. However, a fault was discovered in the granite. Therefore, Thomas Jefferson's head which had already been started, was blown off the mountain (see flat area to Washington's right) and Jefferson was then placed to Washington's left. | 5

6: The evening lighting ceremony at Mount Rushmore is patriotic. It includes a film, "Freedom: America's Lasting Legacy". This is followed by a formal flag folding ceremony during which all military veterans are asked to participate on stage. | 6

7: Buffalo Run | Monday was a travel day. We left early in the morning and took in a lot of scenery. This is a buffalo run. These were holes or ravines which were used by Native Americans to trap buffalo. They were stampeded toward the hole. The buffalo could not stop fast enough and the first to arrive would fall into the ravine and break their legs. They would then be killed and butchered. The Native Americans used every part of the buffalo. They even used the urinary bladder as a canteen. | Monday, July 18, 2011 | 7

8: Devils Tower Fifty Miles away | Industry that we see on the way includes natural gas, oil wells and coal strip mining | 8

9: The Sheridan Inn, Sheridan Wyoming. Built in 1892. Shortly after construction, the inn was purchased by William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody. Buffalo Bill would hold auditions for his show on the inns front lawn. The inn currently is a National Historic Landmark and is undergoing a full renovation. | 9

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11: The Battle of the Little Bighorn is also known as "Custers Last Stand". It occurred near the Little Bighorn River in the Montana Territory on June 25th and 26th, 1876. This was a decisive battle of the Great Sioux War of 1876. The US Seventh Calvary, including The Custer Battalion suffered a severe defeat. Five of the Seventh Battalions companies were annihilated. Custer was killed, as were two of his brothers, a nephew, and a brother in law. Total U.S. deaths were 268. Fifty Five were wounded. Only one horse survived. The horses were largely shot and piled up to provide a barrier to provide protection from the attacking Indians. | Monday, July 18, 2011 | 11

12: Little Bighorn Battlefield | 12

13: BILLINGS< MONTANA | The Crowne Plaza | Yellowstone Museum in Billings with a Kenmore Automobile. Built before Sears bought Kenmore | Monday, July 18, 2011 | 13

14: Cody, Wyoming has a population of slightly more than 8000 people. The major industry is tourism. The town was made famous by Buffalo Bill Cody. | En route to Cody, Wyoming | Tuesday, July 19, 2011 | 14

15: Tuesday July 19th, 2011 | 15

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17: The Buffalo Bill Historical Center is a complex of four museums. It includes the Plains Indian Museum, The Whitney Gallery of Western Art, The Cody Firearms Museum, and the Draper Natural History Museum | Buffalo Hide Coat | Ride em Cowgirl | Tuesday, July 19, 2011 | 17

18: The Buffalo Bill Dam | 18

19: A concrete arch gravity dam on the Shoshone River in Wyoming. The reservoir has the same name. Buffalo Bill Cody founded the local town of Cody and owned much of the land now covered by the reservoir. | 19

20: NEXT STOP YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK | Leaving the Buffalo Bill Reservoir | Tuesday, July 19, 2011 | 20

21: Yellowstone Lake We arrived during a strong shower. Hot Springs (right) | Yellowstone Lake with storm moving in from the west. | Yellowstone Lake is 7,732 feet above sea level. It covers 136 square miles. It is the largest fresh water lake above 7000 feet in North America | 21

22: Lake Yellowstone Hotel. Completed 1891. It was redesigned in 1903 by Robert Reamer, architect of the Old Faithful Inn. Restored in 1990 to the elegance of the 1920's. | 22

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24: DUSK | 24

25: Old Faithful Inn built 1904. Designed by Robert Reamer. The hotel was built during the winter. Temperatures can drop to 60 degrees below zero. The nails were heated to prevent the carpenters from getting frostbitten fingers. Moving the logs and stones to build the inn was easier in the winter using sleds. No roads to Old Faithful existed at that time. | Tuesday, July 19, 2011 | 25

26: Old Faithful Inn was constructed from lodgepole pines of various shapes and sizes. | Grand Entrance | 26

27: Grand Fireplace | Inn Restaurant | 27

28: These scenes are outside the Old Faithful Inn. The hot springs and geysers are everywhere. The steam and water is constantly flowing and astounding to witness. | Wednesday, July 20, 2011 | 28 | 29

29: OLD FAITHFUL | Old Faithful erupts every ninety minutes. In the 1950's it erupted every 60 minutes. | 29

30: The massive cone is a sign of old age. Eruptions have likely been happening for thousands of years. | Wednesday, July 20, 2011 | 30

31: These features are found in the upper geyser basin which is adjacent to The Old Faithful Inn. This is Crested Pool. Ten Thousand such pools exist in the park. | Hot Springs are the most common feature found in Yellowstone. | Water boils at 199 degrees in Yellowstone due to the altitude. | The Yellowstone Caldera is a supervolcano. A supervolcano can produce a volcanic eruption with an ejecta volume of 240 cubic miles. The caldera is in Northwestern Wyoming where Yellowstone is located. In this area light, hot molten rock is very close to the surface. | 31

32: Giant Geyser | 32

33: Eruptions of Giant Geyser (Left) can reach heights of 200 to 250 feet in the air. They are eratic in timing. They can last up to 1 or 2 hours at a time. Grotto Geyser (RIGHT) | Grotto Geyser | 33

34: Sawmill is the largest geyser in the Sawmill Complex of Upper Geyser Basin. It has a delay of one to three hours between eruptions. It gets its name from the whirring sound it makes when it erupts. | 34

35: Fountain Geyser is a geyser in the Lower Geyser Basin of Yellowstone National Park in the United States. Fountain Geyser erupts 75-220 feet (23-67m) high with intervals that vary from 9 to 15 hours and eruptions have a duration of about 30 minutes. | Wednesday, July 20, 2011 | 35

36: Fumaroles are vents or openings in the earths crust. The term comes from the word "fumus" in latin which means smoke. Through the opening comes vented gases including sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and others. These are often found in the region of volcanoes. There are an estimated 4000 fumaroles in Yellowstone. | 36

37: The Fountain Paint Pots are found in Yellowstone's Lower Geyser Basin. The name comes from the reds, browns and yellows of the mud in the area. Rising gases cause bubbling action that can be seen in the photos. | 37

38: The hot springs of Yellowstone are generated by molten rock below the surface. This heats the ground water and it percolates to the surface. | Wednesday, July 20, 2011 | 38

39: En route to The Grand Canyon of Yellowstone | 39

40: Wednesday, July 20, 2011 | 40

41: The Grand Canyon of Yellowstone from Lookout Point. Lower Yellowstone Falls. 308 Feet High. (Niagara Falls is 167 Feet High) | 41

42: Upper Yellowstone Falls 109 Feet High | 42

43: Yellowstone Wildlife and Vegetation. We witnessed beautiful scenery throughout the park. | Stopping Traffic. The Bison seem to have the right of way. | 43

44: The Raven grows to 25 inches in height. They live for 10 to 15 years, however reports exist of them living for as long as 40 years. They mate for life and will establish and defend a territory. They will feed on grains, fruits, berries and also small animals | Female Elk | Black Bear | Grizzly Bear | Wednesday, July 20, 2011 | 44

45: Bison Herd | Wild Flowers | 45

46: The scenery at Yellowstone is breathtaking. Every vista is more spectacular than the last. To the right is fire lookout. The Yellowstone forest fires of 1988 burned 794,000 acres affecting 36% of the park. Few large mammals were killed during the fires. | 46

47: Wednesday, July 20, 2011 | 47

48: Mammoth Hot Springs. | A series of fractures form the plumbing system allowing underground water to reach the surface. Limestone in the ground is leached out by the hot water and carbon dioxide which forms carbonic acid. This provides the color and it deposits travertine which is the rock that forms the hot springs at this location. | 48

49: BEAUTIFUL AMERICA | What a beautiful park! | Algae living in the warm water creates the shades of brown, orange red, and green | 49

50: Liberty Cap is 37 Feet tall and was created by a hot spring that was active in this location for many years. It is now dormant. The water was under enough pressure to raise it to great heights. This allowed the mineral deposits to build slowly for hundreds of years. | Mammoth Hot Springs | Wednesday, July 20, 2011 | 50

51: These springs constantly change. They have irregular underground "plumbing" which allows water to percolate to the surface at different locations at different times. | 51

52: Mammoth Springs Yellowstone National Park | 52

53: Views of Palette Spring at Mammoth Hot Springs | Wednesday, July 20, 2011 | 53

54: Mammoth Hot Springs, Palette Spring | Devils Thumb at Palette Spring | 54

55: Kepler Cascade is located about 2.5 miles south of Old Faithful. This waterfall is on the Firehole River. The cascades drop about 150 feet over several drops. The longest is 50 feet. They were named after Kepler Hoyt in 1881 by the park superintendent. Kepler Hoyt was the son of Wyoming's territorial governor, John Wesley Hoyt. | Thursday, July 21, 2011 | 55

56: Kepler Cascade Leaving Yellowstone July 21, 2011 | 56

57: Jenny Lake, Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming. This lake is the result of glacier activity 12,000 years ago. Fifty Two square miles of the Grand Tetons National Park were donated by John D.Rockefeller. | Thursday, July 21, 2011 | 57

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60: Mount Moran. The Black Dike was formed when magma was forced up into a large crack. This molten rock solidified becoming dark igneous rock called diabase. Erosion of the surrounding rock makes this vertical 150 foot dike clearly visible. | Thursday, July 21, 2011 | 60


62: The Chapel of the Transfiguration is a small log chapel in the Grand Teton National Park in the community of Moose. The chapel was built at this location to frame the Cathedral Group of peaks in a large window over the altar. The chapel was built in 1925 and is operated by St. Johns Episcopal Church in Jackson, Wyoming. | 62

63: Thursday, July 21, 2011 | 63

64: The Snake River Raft Tour was a highlight of our trip. The rugged Tetons rise from the rolling plains adjacent to the river. The Oregon Trail was established in the mid 19th century and it followed the course of the Snake River | 64

65: Thursday, July 21, 2011 | 65

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68: Afton, Wyoming has a population of 1,911 based on the 2010 census. It has the largest Elk Antler Arch in the world. It consists of 3,011 elk antlers and weighs 15 tons. The towns water supply comes from a cold water geyser. This geyser provides water for the whole town. | 68

69: The National Oregon/California Trail Center. Montpelier, Idaho | Friday, July 22, 2011 | 69

70: Mormon Temple Constructed from 1853-1893 | Mormon Tabernacle is home of The Mormon Tabernacle Choir | Assembly Hall | The Mormons walked to Utah pulling all their belongings on these carts. | 70

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  • By: Vincent F.
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About This Mixbook

  • Title: Western Adventure 2011 8.5x11
  • This is our photo collection from our Western United States Bus Tour. It was an impressive look at our country and our culture. We enjoyed the trip more that we imagined we might. Enjoy our collection
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  • Published: about 8 years ago