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world history for kids

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FC: world history for kids

1: Index | Ancient River Valley Civilization What if people had not learned how to farm? classical Greece/Rome What if Athens had not embraced democracy? Post-Classical Africa/Asia What if the Mongols had not opened the silk road to safe travels? Post-Classical (Medieval) Europe What if the Black Plague did not attack western Europe? Renaissance/Revolution What if Gutenberg hadn't invented the printing press? Enlightenment/Revolution what if Gutenberg hadn't invented the printing press? World War I What if Germany had not been solely blamed for WWII? World War II What if the U.S. had not dropped the atomic bomb on Japan? Cold War What if the U.S. had not adopted the theory of containment? Glossary

2: Ancient River Valley Civilization The neolithic revolution or the new stone revolution. It's stared 10000 years ago. It made a very big change in the way people lived. The main thing they did was hunt. They learned how to raze crops, and how to take care of animals. They stared to billed villages. The women stayed home and took care of the kids. The man went out to farm.

3: What if people had not learned how to farm? If people didn't had learned how to farm then we would have a whole lot less people in the world because of starvation. Also they wouldn't be civilized and thy would not have nothing of the things we have now. They would not have the comfort, or the clothes we have. They would just be stuck with hunting everyday. On the other hand, humans would be at the mercy of the environment and continue to evolve and adapt to it; with farming, humans tamed nature and significantly slowed natural selection.

4: classical Greece/Rome In the classical period of Greece and Rome they have stared sculpturing and different types of art. Philosophy and technology was also new to them. They also stared to build Empires, the leader that had created the biggest empire was Alexander the great and he was trying to take over another great empire, the Persian empire.

5: What if Athens had not embraced democracy? | The world would still be ruled by Kings and Queens and we would probably not have us much freedom as we do now; they would have too much power over us. We would probably be divided and that would create a lot of trouble over what is right and what is wrong. Moreover, a free society and free market allowed for the cultivation of literature, philosophy, arts, and medicine. Without democracy, the Greeks would not have left us their important historical inheritance.

6: Post-Classical Africa/Asia | At this time the main religions Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism were taking over Africa, Asia, and Europe. This brought the people to be more religious, and think about the after life. Also there was a huge growth in the world's network and trading among nations. Although the Chinese thought that it was not worth trading with everyone else, they still trade with some people. One thing the Chinese really liked that came from Africa was the giraffes.

7: What if the Mongols had not opened the silk road to safe travels? | If the Mongols did not opened the Silk Road to safe travels then trading would have been very difficult between the East and the West. They would have to do by sea. It would take longer to go around and deliver whatever they had to, and they would also have the risk to be attacked by pirates. More importantly, events caused by cultural diffusion like the spread of religion, the European motivation to explore, and the rise of Mercantilism would would not have come to pass.

8: Post-Classical (Medieval) Europe | Western Europe began to develop more around 1000 A.D. New schools and a more elaborated culture expanding trade and found the Christian religion was accepted and stared to change many eyes. A horrible disease spread though Western Europe, it killed about one third of the European population. This made many people doubt about their religion.

9: What if the Black Plague did not attack western Europe? | If the black plague had not attacked Western Europe they would probably have invented a lot of new things. We would be way more advanced by now. We would probably have a whole lot more of people around. The people that died could be inventing things that we have no clue about. Some people think, however, that the death of many people caused a redistribution of wealth needed to restructure feudal Europe into what eventually became the Renaissance.

10: Renaissance/Revolution | In the renaissance or the rebirth of religion, also the beginning of modern times. There was a split in the Christian religion. Martin Luther made a list with all the things that the Catholic Church was doing wrong and sent it to the Church. His followers were Protestants, part of a new religion where all of the things he thought were wrong were fixed. The art in the Renaissance age had improved a lot. Their sculpture and painting was extremely detailed. This is because they were extremely interested in the human nature, and this new trend was called secular humanism.

11: What if Gutenberg hadn't invented the printing press? | If Gutenberg had not invented the printing press religion for a lot of people would be different. They would not have been able to choose to interpret the bible their way. They all would have to go with whatever their priests said. People's knowledge would be very limited because there would be less books. People would not try to learn to how read because there would not be much to read. It would also be more difficult to spread information over long distances.

12: Enlightenment/ Revolutions Also known as the age of Reason. The era is Western philosophy, intellectual, scientific and cultural life. Centered upon the 18th century. It was caused by the scientific revolution. The scientific Revolution was the new way of thinking about the natural world. A combination of discoveries and circumstances led to the Scientific Revolution and helped spread its impact. The American Revolution was a unique and radical event that produced deep changes and had a profound impact on word affairs, based on an increasing belief in the principles of the Enlightenment. The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political stirring in French and European history. Old ideas about hierarchy and tradition succumbed to new Enlightenment principles of citizenship and inalienable rights.

13: What if the enlightenment ideas were not embraced by the colonists? If the Enlightenment ideas were not embraced by the colonist America would not be where it is right now when it comes to science, technology, religion, and government. We would still be prejudiced against different cultures, and we would be reluctant to accept change. The US would not be as free and progressive since many of the ideas in the Constitution and Declaration of Independence came from the Enlightenment. There would still be a lot of ignorance, superstition, injustice and oppression.

14: World War I Was a major war centered on Europe. It began in 1915 and lasted until 1918. It involved the two alliances, “the Allies” and “the Central Powers”. It was the second deadliest conflict in Western history. The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria was the trigger of the war. The conflict opened with the invasion of Serbia, then the German invasion of Belgium, Luxembourg and France, and then a Russian Attack against Germany. The Russian Empire collapsed and left the war, the U.S and the Allies drove back the German armies and they agreed to cease-fire.

15: What if Germany had not been solely blamed for WWI? If Germany had not been solely blamed for WWI probably everything would have been different, the Great depression would not have happened, and probably neither would WWII. WWII happened because Germany was resentful of being blamed for WWI, they wanted to plot revenge and take back what they said was theirs. If Germany had not been victimized for WWI, then the seeds for WWII would not have been planted; Nazi ideals would not have been as relevant, and thousands and thousands of lives would have been saved.

16: World War II | Was a global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945. It included most of the world’s nations, including all of the great powers which formed two opposing alliances, the Allies and the Axis. It resulted in 50 million to over 70 million fatalities. That war started with the invasion of Poland by Germany and Slovakia, Germany conquered much of continental Europe. The war in Europe ended with the capture of Berlin. The war in Asia ended when Japan agreed to surrender. The war ended with the total victory of the Allies over Germany and Japan.

17: What if the U.S. had not dropped the atomic bomb on Japan? | If the U.S. had not dropped the Atomic Bombs on Japan the war would have taken a long time more and even though the bomb killed a lot of people the war would have kept going for who knows how many years and probably even more people would have been killed. Without the two bombs, the Japanese would not have surrendered unconditionally, and maybe even today we would have to appease the demands of ruthless despots.

18: Cold War | Was a struggle between two nations, the United States and the Soviet Union. This conflict was not fought directly with military power, but indirectly through words, agreements, soft power (world influence), and proxy wars. The Cold War, some say, represents the 20th century's ultimate struggle between freedom and communism, between democracy and authoritarianism. In the end, the US won without a doubt as the USSR collapsed from within. To many Americans, this was proof positive of the virtues of liberty and capitalism.

19: What if the U.S. had not adopted the theory of containment? | If the US had not adopted the theory of containment, one of two things could have happened. We could have allowed for a peaceful spread of communism, in which case it would have grown so large that America's liberty would be endangered. The other alternative would be outright military action, and that could have led to a third world war. Judging from what we now know about the cold war, the US would probably have won a hot war, but many lives would have been lost.

20: Glossary | Neolithic Revolution:the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture and settlement. Villages: is a clustered human settlement or community, often located in rural areas Hunt: is the practice of pursuing any living thing, but usually wildlife for food, recreation, or trade. Farm:It is the basic production facility in food production. Classical Period: was a culture which heavily influenced the cultures of ancient Rome and still has an enduring effect on Western civilization. Sculpture: is three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining hard materials. Philosophy: is the study of general and fundamental problems Empires: is a geographically extensive group of states and peoples united and ruled either by a monarch or an oligarchy.

21: Trade: is the transfer of ownership of goods and services from one person to another. Change: exchange for something else, usually of the same kind Disease: is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism. Religion: is a cultural system that creates powerful and long-lasting meaning by establishing symbols that relate humanity to beliefs and values. Martin Luther: was a German priest and professor of theology who initiated the Protestant Reformation. Protestants: It is a movement that began in central Europe in the early 16th century as a reaction against medieval Roman Catholic doctrines and practices.

22: Glossary | Secular Humanism: is a secular philosophy that espouses human reason, ethics, and justice, and the search for human fulfillment. It specifically rejects religious dogma, supernaturalism, pseudoscience or superstition as the basis of morality and decision-making. Interpret: to give or provide the meaning of explain Intellectual: a person of superior intellect. Inalienable Rights: Rights and privileges that all people have as soon as they are born into a society. These rights cannot be taken away from a citizen, no matter what. Prejudiced: an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason. Constitution: The body of laws that spell out the frame for a government as well as how it should work within that frame Declaration of Independence: Written by Thomas Jefferson, this document explains to the rest of the world exactly why the US should be free from England. Archduke: a title of the sovereign princes of the former ruling house of Austria. Great Depression:The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II.

23: Nazi: is the name commonly used to refer to the state of Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a totalitarian dictatorship ruled by Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party. Great Powers: Nations that, at a given time, have an extreme amount of influence on the economy, politics, and culture of the world. After the cold war and until recently, the US was the only great power. Surrender: to yield (something) to the possession or power of another; deliver up possession of on demand or under duress Appease: to bring to a state of peace, quiet, ease, calm, or contentment; pacify; soothe Communism: The economic and sometimes political opinion that says "from each according to his ability and to each according to his need." This has failed many times because it does not reward great ideas or hard work. Democracy: is a form of government in which all citizens have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives. Capitalism: is an economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit. Peaceful Spread: The ability of an idea or system to be established in many parts of the world without international opposition. The US did not allow the USSR's influence to spread peacefully, but China aims at a peaceful economic development over the next decade. Military Action: The use of violence, either with an army or weapons, in order to achieve a goal in the international community.

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