BC: Political Parties: Australian Greens Party [Christine MILNE] Australian Labor Party [Bill SHORTEN] Country Liberal Party [Terry MILLS] Family First Party [Steve FIELDING] Katter's Australian Party [Bob KATTER] Liberal National Party of Queensland [Campbell NEWMAN] Liberal Party [Tony ABBOTT] National Party of Australia [Warren TRUSS] Palmer United Party [Clive PALMER] | Captain James Cook took possession of the East Coast of Australia in 1770. So, their government was formed along the same lines as England. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries which federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia. Due to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s and its location, Australia has become one of the most advanced market economy. | Market Economy Imports: machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication equipment and parts; crude oil and petroleum products Exports: coal, iron ore, gold, meat, wool, alumina, wheat, machinery and transport equipment | Federal System, Unitary Government
FC: Comparative Governments | By:Caroline Zukowsky
1: WORKS CITED | AMERICAN FLAG. Photography. Encyclopdia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 20 Mar 2014.
2: The United States of America | *Constitution: drafted July-September 1787 effective March 4, 1789 *Federal System, Limited Government *Chief of State and Head of Government is the President of the United States *Bicameral Congress consists of the Senate (100 seats, 2 members elected from each state to serve six year terms) and House of Representatives (435 Seats, elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms) *Major Political Parties- Republican and Democrat *Highest Court- US Supreme Court (9 Justices); US Court System consists of federal court system and state court system
3: When America broke free from England on July 4, 1776, it led to many discussions about the organization of the government, including the Constitution, which set up the rest of the government.
4: USA's Economy | *Market-Economy *Top Imports: -32.9% Industrial Supplies; 30.4% Capital Goods (ex. Computer, office machines); 31.8% Consumer Goods (ex. automobiles, clothing) *Top Exports: -49% Capital Goods (ex.motor vehicle parts, computers); 26.8% Industrial Supplies (ex. Organic Chemicals)
5: M E X I C O | *Conquered and colonized by Spain in the early 16th Century. Administered as the vice-royalty of New Spain for 3 centuries, and achieved its independence early in the 16th century. Modeled government after Spain. *Free Market Economy *Top Imports- Steel mill products, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, automobile parts *Major Exports- Manufactured goods, oil and oil products, silver, fruits, vegetables, coffee, cotton
6: "Life is a journey not a destination." - RALPH WALDO EMERSON | *Latest Constitution approved February 5, 1917 *Federal System, Limited Government *President is both the Chief of State and Head of Government *Legislative Branch consists of a Bicameral national Congress --Senate (128 seats, 96 members elected by popular vote to serve six year terms, 32 seats allocated on the basis of each party's popular vote) --Chamber of Deputies (500 seats, 300 elected by popular vote, remaining 200 allocated on the basis of each party's popular vote, serve 3 year terms) *Judiciary Branch: --Supreme Court of Justice consists of 21 ministers/ judges and 5 supernumerary judges (serve for life, nominated by President and approved by Senate) --Federal level includes Electoral Tribunal, circuit, collegiate, and unitary courts; state level and district level.
7: SEEING THE WORLD ONE CITY AT A TIME. | *Major Political Parties Include: Citizen's Movement, Institutional Revolutionary Party, Labor Party, Mexican Green Ecological party, National Action Party, New Alliance Party, Party of the Democratic Revolution
8: *The United Kingdom played a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy. Because of their history of having a monarch, they created a constitution monarchy that could blend the royal family and the government into one cohesive unit. *Unitary System *Limited Government | United Kingdom
9: *When was the country's current constitution adopted? It is unwritten. They base their government on partly statutes and partly common law and practice. *Executive Branch- Chief of State is a ceremonial figure that is based on hereditary. Queen Elizabeth II currently reigns. Head of Government is the Prime Minister and is appointed by legislative elections. *Legislative Branch- Bicameral Parliament consists of House of Lords (780 Seats) based on hereditary and House of Commons (650 seats) based on popular vote. *Judiciary Branch- Highest court is the Supreme Court consisting of 12 Justices. Subordinate Courts differ by region. --England and Wales; Court of Appeal; High Court, Crown Court; County Courts; Magistrates' Courts; ---Scotland: Court of Sessions; Sheriff Courts; High Court of Judiciary; tribunals; --Northern Ireland: Court of Appeal in Northern Ireland; High Court; county courts; magistrates' courts; specialized tribunals
11: Exports: manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco Imports: manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs | Free Market Economy
12: People's Republic of China | When was the country's current constitution adopted? There were several previous, but the latest was promulgated December 4, 1982. Executive Branch- President- Chief of State (President XI Jinping) Head of Government- Premier (Li Keqiang) President and Vice President elected by National People's Congress for a five year term (eligible for 2 terms) Premier nominated by President, confirmed by National People's Congress Legislative Branch- Unicameral National People's Congress 2,987 Seats and members are elected municipal, regional, and provincial people's congresses Judicial Branch- Supreme People's Court (consists of over 340 judges including the Chief Justice) Chief Justice appointed by the People's National Congress Subordinate Courts
13: "A travel adventure has no substitute. It is the ultimate experience, your one big opportunity for flair." -Massow
14: UNITARY SYSTEM,UNLIMITED GOVERNMENT | Chinese Communist Party is the main party. Eight nominally independent small parties ultimately controlled by the CCP. | COMMAND ECONOMY TOP IMORTS electrical and other machinery, oil and mineral fuels; nuclear reactor, boiler, and machinery components MAJOR EXPORTS electrical and other machinery, including data processing equipment, apparel, radio telephone handsets, textiles, integrated circuits | In the 19th and 20th centuries, China experienced civil unrest, famines, and military defeats. Mao Zedong established the communist who after World War II established an autocratic socialist system. Mao's successor Deng Xiaoping and other leader leaders focused on market-oriented economic development, so living standards have improved dramatically.
17: When was the country's current constitution adopted? July 9, 1900 Executive Branch- Chief of State- Queen of Australia (Elizabeth II) Represented by Governor General (Quentin Bryce) Head of Government- Prime Minister (Anthony John Abbott); Deputy Prime Minister Prime Minister nominates Cabinet Members from members of Parliament Monarchy is Hereditary Governor General appointed by Monarch Leader of majority party is sworn in as Prime Minster by the Governor General Legislative Branch- Bicameral Federal Parliament Senate (76 seats, 1/2 of state members are elected every three years by popular vote to serve six year terms and all others elected every 3 years) House of Representatives (150 seats, members elected by popular vote to serve up to three years) Judicial Branch- High Court of Australia (7 Justices including Chief Justice) Justices appointed by governor general in council for life with mandatory retirement at age 70 Subordinate Courts at Federal, State, and Territory Level