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FC: French Revolution | 1789-1799 | Diana Casillas Lavonte Jackson
1: French Revolution France was one of the richest and was very powerful nations in Europe. They had amazing farming and it has a huge population but Great Britain and The Netherlands had freedom and didn’t get punished so often. The citizens from France wanted to be the same. The popular rebellion brought regime to King Louis XVI of France, under control of a constitution, then imprisons, and execute him. This lead to the revolution: classes were influenced by ideas of Enlightment, rising of bourgeoisie, and allying with peasants. It ended with decreased power of the church.
2: Estates-General meets on May 5, 1789
3: Taxation Taxation was one of the causes of the French Revolution. No one could rely entirely on tariffs to generate incomes; the taxes relied on a system of internal tariffs separating regions of France, which prevented an undefined market from developing in the country. The Tax farmers raised the taxes far more than the government requested but there wasn’t a problem with that because they were permitted to do that. This caused irresponsible and unequal collection of many of France’s consumption taxes. What didn’t help was that nobles and the clergy were excluded to pay taxes. Peasants, wage earners, business and professional classes paid their part. The royal and the seigniorial taxes were collected in the form of imperative labor. Also, bread prices were off the roof. In the 1780’s there were many crop failures and caused shortages, and the residents moved to Paris.
4: Voltaire | Denis Diderot | Turgot | These three men were the philosophers of the Enlightment | The picture to the left is a man ready for the executions of revolutionaries
5: Absolutism and Privilege French has absolute monarchy and unpopular form of government. The King’s act on absolute power was bound by the power and privilege of the nobility and clergy. Peasants were greedy. The large, high middle, and working class and part of the nobility believed in equality and freedom. Some who were involved with this outlook were Voltaire, Denis Diderot, and Turgot; they were philosophers and theorist of the Enlightment. Furthermore, from the American Revolution it shows that some of the cause was that the Enlightment ideals about government organization put into process. Adding to that, Nobles said religion should be blamed for a lot of the things that were happening. Christian rulers were intolerant so it caused persecution of religious minorities in France. The undemocratic government battled for freedom of speech and challenged the Catholic Church and privilege of the nobles.
6: Monarchy Last Cause for the French Revolution was absolute Monarchy. The civilians of France wanted freedom. They saw how other countries ruled. If they did something bad or not good to the country they would be executed. The nobles and king didn't have to follow these rules till later on in the Revolution
7: The Royal Family
9: & | Events One key event that started the revolution is the the refusal to pay the higher taxes that the king was trying to impose on the lower class this then sparked the Storming the Bastille they where which some say was the turning point cause Average citizens sparked a mass Revolution.
10: Five Councils
11: Another big event in the middle was the directory which was the adoption of Created by the adoption of another new Constitution to prevent another terror Power would be held by Five Consuls which was created by napoleon and he made himself one of the Five consuls.
12: Mob storming the tuileries by the royal family
13: Turning Point Citizens were very unhappy throughout the summer of 1792 tired of the gov they and discouraged by failures in war in august 1792 they turned against the king the mob stormed the tuileries where the royal family was being held they demand a new constitution and a convention to replace the Legislative assembly the legislative assembly dissolves and is replaced by the national convention.
15: Turning point Napoleon takes power in France after overthrowing the Directory which overthrew the Committee of Public Safety to end the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror and he stays in power for 15 years Bonaparte for his support in a coup to overthrow the constitutional government The leaders of the plot included his brother Lucien Bonaparte the of Five Hundred, Roger Ducos another Director Joseph Fouche and Talleyrand and he installs himself in 1799 as the First Consul and then is promoted to Emperor five years later by the French Senate
16: Short Term Effects The executing of monarchs and the Reign of Terror led to vast chaos. Then, time passed and Napoleon became emperor of France.
17: Long Term Effect A long term effect was when Napoleon’s army conquered countries such as Spain, Netherlands, Germany and many more. They also caused the change of the traditions, class and political systems as well. | Napoleon in his thrown
18: Our wedding day has finally come... | Outcome Even though this was one of the bloodiest revolutions, the outcome of all of this was that there was the Declaration if the Rights of Man; it is similar to the Declaration of Independence. The civilians had more freedom. The National Assembly was another outcome of the French Revolution after they found that the king was found guilty of treason. So, the assembly became the ruling power.