BC: Works Cited Alan, Harris. "Mental Illnesses". 29 March 2008
FC: Mental Illnesses
1: A mental illness is described as any disease or condition affecting the brain that influences the way a person thinks, feels, behaves, or relates to others and their surroundings. | Some describe mental illnesses as psychological or phsiological patterns that occur in an individual and is associated with distress or disability that is not expected as a part of normal development or culture.
2: Causes: genetics chemical imbalance psychological trauma environmental factors pregnancy & birth brain injury viral infections substance misuse general health differences in size or activity in brain regions psychological mechanisms social influences
4: Affective Disorders Change affect or mood, manic-depressive (bipolar), severe depression (unipolar) Depression is reactive or endogenous, occurring between ages 25 to 45
5: Schizophrenia Chemical imbalance or structral changes, caused by cultural, environmental, and phychological factors. Occurs in ages 17 to 30. Experience periods of distorted sense of reality or the ability to think. Have hallucinations and delusions. Inability to express any emotion.
6: Anxiety Disorders Include phobias, panic disorders, post-traumatic stress syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder. | Symptoms include excessive perspiration, shortness of breath, palpitations and rapid heart beats, dizziness, and tension headaches. Caused by physical and environmental triggers. Panic disorders- recurrent attacks of panic or anxiety Obsessive-compulsive disorder is being researched for links to depression.
7: Dementias Memory and personality changes, loss of nerve cells and brain atrophy, caused by series of small strokes, genetics, or AIDS. No form of complete treatment, can only control certain symptoms.
8: Most mental illnesses cannot be prevented. More common than cancer, diabetes, or heart disease. Can affect people of any age. Treatments could include medication, psychotherapy, group therapy, day treatment or partial hospital treatment, specific therapies, or hypnotherapy. Eight in ten people can effectively return to normal activities if they receive appropriate treatment.