S: By: Cassey Hamilton and Sabrina Salmela
BC: Using the Past How is the telegraph similar to something today? -The telegraph is not really similar to anything today except the telephone. (both land line and cell phone.) | How is the telegraph different from something today? -With the telegraph they used Morse code, a system of dots and dashes used to make words. Today, with all kinds of telephones, we cam just talk instead of using Morse code. | How does the invention of the telegraph tell us about the history of the 1800s? -This invention told us that people needed a new and faster way to communicate. Also, they were interested in making more opportunities for themselves by inventing new things
FC: Telegraph | By: Sabrina Salmela and Cassey Hamilton
1: How did all groups of people in the US view the invention of the telegraph? -People like the Amish didn't care, and most other people liked it because they could communicate over long distances. Native Americans didn't like it because the telegraph wires and poles got in the way of their land. | Through Their Eyes How did people in the 1800s view their world? -Americans wanted to travel West for more opportunities and to expand the country. How did their world view affect their choices and actions? -Americans wanted more opportunities so they went out of their comfort zones and tried new things. What values, skills, and forms of knowledge did people need to succeed in the 1800s? -They needed communication , ways of manufacturing, farming skills, and hunting and fishing skills.
2: About the Telegraph -A telegraph is a machine used to send messages by electric signals through wires. -It was invented by Samuel Morse, an American professor of Arts and Design at New York University. -Samuel Morse developed the Morse Code, a series of dots and dashes to send a message, in 1838. -Morse got the idea of a telegraph when he heard people talking about it on a boat going back to America from Europe. -Morse's telegraph was first demonstrated on May 24, 1844. -The first message ever sent by telegraph was, "What Hath God ___Wrought?", sent from Washington D.C. to Baltimore, Maryland.
3: Cause and Effect What caused the telegraph to be invented? Samuel Morse heard the idea of a telegraph on a ship coming back from Europe, and he was very interested in it, and wanted to make the idea come to life. Who invented the telegraph? Why? Samuel Morse invented the telegraph because he wanted to be able to communicate over long distances by electromagnets. Who did not support the telegraph to be invented? At first, Congress did not support the telegraph and it took them a couple of years to help the funding of telegraph lines around the country. | What were the effects of the telegraph? The invention of the telegraph made it easier to communicate with people around the country and also led to future inventions.
4: Turning Points How did the use of the telegraph significantly transform people's lives, communities, and the world? The telegraph made communication easier, created more jobs (Morse Code Operators), and led to future inventions that would change the world. How did the use of the telegraph affect future choices in the U.S.? It helped people in the future understand more about types of communication and helped them invent new things, like radio and telephones.
5: Change and Continuity What has changed with the telegraph since it was invented? -The telegraph is not used anymore because other means of communication, like telephone, radio, and t.v. has taken its place. What has remained the same with the telegraph since it was invented? -Nothing is the same because it is not used anymore. Who has benefited from the telegraph since it was invented? -Everyone back then benefited from the telegraph because it helped communicate with other people around the country, created more jobs and led to bigger and better things. | Who has not benefited from the telegraph? -People like the Amish have not benefited because they do not use electricity.