S: From the Crusades to the Conquest of Constantinople
FC: Why did the Crusades start? Did they succeed? | Early World History Katherine Thomas HS Mr. Peal
2: 2. The Seljuk Turks, from central Asia, took over the Abbasids' land.
10: 7. The Christians didn't give up. The Pope asked the most important kings to take back the Holy Lands. Kings Richard the Lionhearted of England, Frederick of Germany, and Philip of France all agreed. However, Frederick died on his way to Jerusalem. Philip turned back, and Richard failed to take back Jerusalem. The Crusades were losing steam!
11: Richard | Philip (France) | Frederick of Germany (Barbarossa)
12: Notice that they never quite got to the Holy Lands!
13: Instead, they stopped at Constantinople to conquer the capital of the Byzantine Empire. Catholic and Orthodox Christians were not on good terms.
15: 9. Meanwhile... The Mongols, nomads from the East, took over large parts of Asia. They also attacked the Holy Lands. Where the Crusaders failed, they succeeded. They destroyed the Seljuk Turks in a great battle in 1243.
16: No one had conquered Constantinople, because of its walls... | Until the Ottomans brought their cannons
19: 12. With Islam stronger than ever in the East, Catholic Spain expanded its power, too. Spain expelled JEWS and MUSLIMS from the country in 1492.
21: 13. With the Ottomans in control of the trade routes to Asia, Portugal and Spain sent explorers by sea to find a new route to Asia. That's why Spain sent Columbus west, across the Atlantic. He never got to Asia. He wound up in the New World.