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Mid-Atlantic Slave Trade

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Mid-Atlantic Slave Trade - Page Text Content

BC: Information Web-sights The Life of Olaudah_Equiano paper

FC: Mid-Atlantic Slave Trade

1: The Mid-Atlantic slave trade had a sad and brutal effect on Africa. It all started around the mid-15th century when Portuguese interests in Africa moved away from finding gold and more towards what they considered faster, easier money such as slaves.

3: Expanding European empires in the New World lacked a work force because the Europeans were unsuited for the climates and died from tropical diseases. But Africans could be worked very hard and were already used to the climate and so were the perfect workers for the Europeans... and so it began.

4: The Triangle Trade The Europeans were the ones who invented the Triangle Trade and are responsible for roughly 40% of all African slaves. Slaves were obtained from along the west coast of Africa with the full and active co-operation of African kings and merchants, but this makes up a small percentage over all.

5: The first stage of the Triangular Trade involved taking manufactured goods from Europe to Africa: cloth, spirits, tobacco, beads, cowrie shells, metal goods, and guns. The second stage of the Triangular Trade (the middle passage) involved shipping the slaves to the Americas. The third, and final, stage of the Triangle Trade involved the return to Europe with the produce from the slave-labor plantations: cotton, sugar, tobacco, molasses and rum.

6: Conditions of Slaves Slaves were introduced to new diseases and suffered from malnutrition long before they reached the new world. It is suggested that the majority of deaths on the voyage across the Atlantic - the middle passage - occurred during the first couple of weeks and were a result of malnutrition and disease encountered during the forced marches and subsequent interment at slave camps on the coast. Conditions on the slave ships were terrible, but the estimated death rate of around 13% is lower than the mortality rate for seamen, officers, and passengers on the same voyages.

7: Coming to America Because of slave trade 5 times as many Africans arrived in America than Europeans

9: After this awful slave trade started Africans were in constant fear and readiness. When the men and women went into the field to work they would have a ten year old lookout for any slave traders, and if he saw them he would cry out and alert the others. And though this call saved most, there were some unfortunate ones who couldn't get away and were taken captive. Because other Africans participated in the trade wars began among the tribes. Fear became a way of life.

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  • By: Madie F.
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  • Title: Mid-Atlantic Slave Trade
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  • Published: over 5 years ago