BC: The End
FC: Nativism During The Immigration Era
2: What was Nativism? It was a feeling of opposition toward immigration. These feelings were based on the belief that native white U.S. residents were better than immigrants. Between 1880 and 1930, 27 million immigrants came to the United States. Many Americans grew fearful of these numbers. This primary source illustrates one of the measures introduced to limit immigration, the literacy test. The caption at the bottom indicates that Congressman Burnett probably supported literacy tests. I wonder if the cartoon was made to support Burnett or to mock his ideas? I'm not sure. I do see symbolism: the books and pens represent literacy--which is keeping the immigrants in the cartoon out of the USA.
3: The Americanese wall - as Congressman [John Lawson] Burnett would build it http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b00563
4: Wow! This is a very interesting primary source. It is a flier encouraging people to boycott a bakery and restaurant in Los Angeles, California because it employs Chinese immigrants. The flier doesn't stop there, though! At the bottom, it points out that this bakery is next to an undertaker; it insinuates that flies go back and forth from dead bodies to the bakery food. There are also rats on the floor under the table in the bakery. This shows how hateful some of these nativists were! I would think this is libel. Although there is no date on the flier, I think it is probably from around the time of the Chinese Exclusionary Act (started in 1882). I also think that alot of the motivation behind this flier was probably over jobs. The flier was published by a bakers' union, and I bet they were worried about losing jobs to Chinese immigrants.
5: Boycott! The National Bakers Union, No. 45 of Los Angeles http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h?ammem/cic:@field(NUMBER+@lit(chs537))
6: This is a publication from a group called the Immigration Restriction League, and I think that they were probably a Nativist group. They are using information from the government, but they are not a government group; I think they are trying to make their publication look like a government publication, though, to give them credibility.
7: Immigration figures for 1903. (From data furnished by the Commissioner-general of immigration. Comparison of the fiscal years ending June 30, 1902 and 1903. http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.rbc/rbpe.07902500