BC: Bibliography | 1. Encyclopedia of Arkansas http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=722 2. apbspeakers.com http://www.apbspeakers.com/speaker/ernest-green 3. history.com http://www.history.com/videos/little-rock-9#little-rock-9 http://www.history.com/topics/1950s
FC: Ernest Green | The First of the Little Rock Nine to Graduate. | By Ben Douglass
1: Who is Ernest Green? | Ernest Green was an African American boy growing up in Little Rock, Arkansas in the 1940s and 50s. From a young age he was an active member of the Little Rock community. He always went to church and was heavily involved in boy scouts. He | attended Dunbar Junior High School and Horace Mann High School, which were schools for blacks where he did not get the good education that he deserved. | At Horace Mann High School, Ernest Green did not get the same level of education as the white people did.
2: Life of an African American in the 1950s | Life for black people in the 1950s was not easy, but it was very eventful. Many blacks were protesting against segregation. | For example, In 1954, the Supreme Court allowed black people to attend white schools. Another example was in 1955, when Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white person and move to the back of the bus, which got her arrested. This sparked a boycott of Montgomery buses that led to the bus companies allowing anyone to sit anywhere.
3: Though African Americans were starting to get their way, many white people in the south were angered. They protested by enrolling their children in white “segregation schools” and used violence to attempt to scare away black children from their schools. | Black people all over the country protested against segregation. | Rosa Parks being arrested for refusing to give her bus seat to a white person.
4: Life at Central High School | In 1957, Ernest Green volunteered to attend the local white school Central High School along with eight other black students. He was under a ton of pressure to exceed in his classes to prove that his race was worthy of getting a good education. | The black students were treated terribly at their new school. White students disliked going to the same school as black people, so they would insult them, attempt to harm them, and protest against them | Central High School had a much better campus and gave a better education than black schools.
5: Even the government got involved in tormenting the black students when the governor sent the Arkansas National Guard to surround the school and not allow the black students in. After gaining national attention, president Eisenhower forced the Arkansas National Guard to leave and sent soldiers from the army to the school to make sure the black students were safe. | White people protested against black students going to white schools. | The nine black students had to be protected by the army to safely attend a white school.
6: Future Success | Ernest Green had many successes after graduating from Central High. He got his bachelors degree in social science and masters in sociology from Michigan State University. He got a job at Lehman Brothers, an investment banking firm in Washington D.C., and is now a Senior Managing Director. | Ernest Green now. | The Little Rock Nine receiving their Congressional Gold Medals.
7: In 1968, he and the other eight students were awarded the Prestigious Spingarn Medal by the NAACP for outstanding achievements of African Americans. In 1999, the nine were presented with the Congressional Gold Medal by president Bill Clinton. | Ernest Green was the first black student to graduate from Central High School. This was a very important event because it proved that black people were worthy of getting a high education and it helped the civil rights movement. Even Martin Luther King Jr. attended his graduation! This paved the way for more black students to attend white schools to get a better education. | Awards and Significance