FC: To Kill a Mockingbird Allusions Handbook By Bennett Compton For Mrs. Fields-Carey's Seventh Period Class
2: "I said that if he wanted to take a broad view of the thing, it really started with Andrew Jackson." | Andrew Jackson was the seventh President to be elected in the United States. Well-known for his brutality, he won a war against and Indian Tribe, the "Creeks." He also supported a small and limited federal government. Today, his face is on the 20-dollar bill.
3: "...but I had stared at them all the evenings in my memory, listening to the news of the day, Bills to Be Enacted into Laws, the diaries of Lorenzo Dow,—anything Attacks happened to be reading when I crawled into his lap every night." | Lorenzo Dow was a famous American preacher, and it was said that he preached more than anyone during his era. At one point in time, his autobiography was the second best-selling book in the United States, out-sold only by the Bible.
4: "Atticus kept us in fits by reading about a man who sat on a flagpole." | Flagpole-sitting was a strange fad that occurred during the 1930s. It was regarded as an activity that required a large amount of skill, balance, and courage. This drove people to prove themselves in their ability to sit on a pole.
5: " One day we were so busily playing Chapter XXV, Book II of One Man's Family, we did not see Atticus standing on the sidewalk looking at us, slapping a rolled magazine against his knee." | One Man's Family was a popular series during the 1930s, and was often played on the radio during that time period. The program aired for 27 years, making it currently the longest-running radio series ever.
6: "If she found a blade of nut grass in her yard, it was like the Second Battle of the Marne: she swooped down upon it with a tin tub and subjected it to blasts from beneath with a poisonous substance she said was so powerful it'd kill us all if we didn't stand out of the way." | The Battle of the Marne was a World War 1 battle. Taking place between the French and the Germans, the French were hugely outnumbered. However, using strategic methods, the French won the battle and ended Germany's bid for taking over France.
7: "Mr. Avery said it was written on the Rosetta Stone that when children disobeyed their parents, smoked cigarettes and made war on each other, the seasons would change." | The Rosetta stone is a very important artifact. Recovered by a small village on the Nile delta, the Rosetta Stone is an essential item for translating many unknown ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics.
8: ""But she doesn't know the meaning of half she says- she asked me what a whore-lady was..." "Did you tell her?" "No, I told her about Lord Melbourne."" | Lord Melbourne was a British Prime Minister who was most well-known for his studies of Queen Victoria. While lacking major achievements, he was apparently "kind, honest, and not self-seeking."
9: "We went to the living room. I picked up a football magazine, found a picture of Dixie Howell, showed it to Jem and said, "This looks like you."" | Dixie Howell was an American football player who played Halfback for the University of Alabama from 1932- 1934. He later played for the Washington Redskins, and the University of Idaho.
10: ""What was the book, Cal?" I asked. "Blackstone's Commentaries."" | Blackstone's Commentaries was a book written by Sir William Blackstone. The book regards all of the laws of England, and contains the opinions of Sir William Blackstone in an attempt to make things better.
11: "If Mrs. Grace Merriweather sips gin out of Lydia E. Pinkham bottles it's nothing unusual- her mother did the same." | Lydia Pinkham was a woman who marketed products that were believed to relieve pain. The products included herbs and alcohol, and reportedly did not work.
12: "The Maycomb jail was a miniature Gothic joke one cell wide and two cells high, complete with tiny battlements and flying buttresses." | A flying buttress is a singular buttress that connects with another in midair, usually creating an arch. Flying Buttresses were a popular form of Medieval architecture.