BC: Source Cited Page www.en.wikipedia.org www.internationalist.org/marktwain3.html www.writingupenn.edu
FC: The 10 Most Influential American Authors From 1860 to Today By Hope Hechler
1: American Authors 1. Mark Twain 2. Ralph Emerson 3. Maya Angelou 4. Robert Frost 5. Ernest Hemingway 6. Norman Mailer 7. Henry Roth 8. John Updike 9. Fredrick Douglass 10. F Scott Douglass
2: Mark Twain William Faulkner called Twain "the father of American literature." | When Mark was maturing in his writing, he began to lay bare truths about racial oppressions using a new and democratic literary lanuage that would forever change American prose.
3: -Adventure of Huckleberry Finn has been called the great American novel. -The books of Tom Swayer and Huck Finn were based on childhood friends. | When Huck Finn was published this solidified Twain as a noteworthy.
4: His teachings directly influenced the New Thought Movement of the mid 1800's. | Ralph Emerson He is considered one of the great orators of the time.
5: Oliver Holmes Sr. considered Emerson's speech, The American Scholar, to be America's "Intellectual Declaration of Indepence." | His essay, Nature, influenced many including Henry David Thoreau.
6: Maya Angelou Her screenplay, Georgia, Georgia, was the first orginal script by a black woman to be produced. | According to feminist scholar Maria Lauret, "The formation of female cultural identity is woven into Maya's narratives, setting her up to be a role model for black women."
7: I know Why The Caged Bird Sings, her first autobiography, brought her international recognition and acclaim. | In 1995, Bantam Books recongized her for holding the record for longest-running on the New York Times Paperback Nonfiction Bestseller List.
8: Robert Frost Frost is a popular and often-quoted poet. | He has received the Pulitzer Prize Award four times.
9: Frost is highly regarded for his realistic depicitions of rural life and his command of American colloquial speech. | His poem "The Road Not Taken" is often misrembered as "The Road Less Traveled" because of the line: "I took the one less traveled by."
10: Ernest Hemingway He has recieved both the Pulitzer Prize and the Nobel Prize | His distinctive writings style is characterized by economy and understatement
11: Many of his writings are now considered Canonical American literature. | The influence of Hemingway on American literature was considerable and continues to this day.
12: Norman Mailer Mailer is considered an innovator of creative nonfiction. | In 1955, along side with two other people, Mailer first published The Village Voice.
13: His novel, The Naked and The Dead, was a New York Times best seller for 62 weeks. | The Naked and The Dead is hailed as one of the best American wartime novels and named one of the "100 best novels in English language" by Modern Library.
14: Henry Call It Sleep is widely regarded as a masterpiece of Jewish American literature. | Roth Call It Sleep was hailed as an overlooked Depression-era masterpiece and classic novel of immigration.
15: Henry is considered one of the most secretive writers. | He fascinated the literary public with his stunning talent and his amazing yet curious 60 years of silence from writer's block.
16: John Updike Updike is widely recognized for his careful craftsmanship and prolific output. | John has become most famous as a "Chronicler of suburban adultery."
17: He has also slipped away from familiar territory, for example, The Witches of Eastwick. | His most famous work is his rabbit series. The series consist of 5 novels. He received the Pulitzer Prize for two of the novels.
18: Frederick Douglass One of the most prominent figures in African-American history and United States history. He has been called "The Sage of Anacostia" and "The Lion of Anacostia."
19: His best known work is his first autobiography Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave. | He has left behind a legacy of social, intellectual, and political thought.
20: F. Scott Fitzgerald Widely regarded as one of the 20th century's greatest writers. | His works are evocative of the "Jazz Age", a term he coined himself.
21: His most famous work has to be The Great Gatsby. The novel chronicles the era of the Jazz Age. The Great Gatsby is ranked 2nd of Modern Library's list of thye 100 best novels of the 20th century.