FC: James Madison "The Father of our Constitution"
1: James Madison was the fourth president of the United States, a delegate in the Continental Congress and also served in the Virginia Assembly. In 1780, he became the youngest person elected to the Continental Congress. During his time as a member of the Second Continental Congress, he became a well-known advocate of the need for a strong central government.
2: From 1784-1786, he served in the Virginia Assembly where he played a major role in bringing about the meetings that led to the conveying of the Constitution. Along with 55 other delegates, he worked to correct flaws in the Articles of Confederation. Much of the constitution reflects his desire for a strong central government with checks and balances.
3: At the 1787 convention, delegates devised a plan for a stronger federal government with three branches: executive, legislative and judicial as well as a system of checks and balances to ensure no single branch would have too much power.
4: After the constitution was completed, Madison along with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, wrote the Federalist Papers to explain the goals behind the organization of the new national government.
5: On September 17, 1787 the Constitution was signed.
6: As a member of the House of Representatives from 1789 to 1797, Madison helped to implement the new government by compiling the Bill of Rights which guaranteed basic individual protections (1791); introducing revenue bills, and ensuring that the president alone was responsible for the conduct of the executive branch. In 1791, the first 10 amendments were added to the Constitution.
8: With the efforts of him and Jefferson, the Democratic-Republican party (a.k.a America's first opposition political party) was formed, which adhered to the limits placed on the federal government.
9: When Jefferson was president, Madison strengthened the power of the presidency when he bought the Louisiana Purchase, after being appointed Jefferson's Secretary of State. Today, our government abides by the Constitution which he contributed to greatly. He believed in a stronger national government, but with equal distribution of powers to the states.
10: Picture Citations: "James Madison." Image. Library of Congress. American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. "Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2012. "Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2012.
11: Citations: http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesmadison "James Madison." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. "U.S. Constitution Signed." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2012.