BC: by lucy foster
FC: popular culture
1: popular culture is similar to the term mass culture, this is because both of these terms are describing a cutural form that many people enjoy. examples of popular culture are films, television, books, magazines and music. popular culture reflects the norms that make up the everyday lives of many people i9n a society.
2: popular culture is often contrasted with elitist high culture, it is the culture of the working class, not the ruling class!!!
3: between the 1960'6 and the 1970's there were alot of civil rights protest movements taking place across europe and america. the ideas of these social movements were also being reflected in the songs artists of the likes of Elvis and Bob Dylan. far from the view of Frankfurt school, the young did not passivly accept capitalism, they were actively challenging mainstream ideas!
4: many writters at the centre for contemporary cultural studies including Stuart Hall led the way into trying to understand popular culture. they analysed the lives and cultures of "ordinary" people and how class gender and ethnicity influenced youth and the development of subcultures!
5: the concept of cultural resistance was used to show how youth subcultures did not passivly accept capitalism. Antonio Gramsci's concept of HEGEMONY was used to understand how young people expressed their resistence to mainstream ideas in sybolice ways.
6: Stuart Hall brought together a collection of essays on different types of youth subcultures. punks for example can be seen as an expression of anger towards capitalism in different ways. ----->
7: 1) the name and music of one of punks most notorious bands "sex pistols" expressed hostility towards mainstream ideas with such titles as "anarchy in the uk". 2) the clothing of punks such as the safety pin earings can be seen as a rejection of comercial fashion.