FC: Maria and Paige Middle East Vocab
1: Judaism: a religion originating in Israel | Christianity: a religion started by Jesus Christ | Ex: Judaism is one of the three religions founded in the Middle East. | Ex: Christianity is one of the main religions in the United States.
2: Islam: a religion following the teachings of Muhammad | Ex: Islam is the most common religion in the Middle East.
3: Zionism: A Jewish movement that started the country of Israel | Ex: Zionism supported the independence of Jews and Israel.
4: Jihad: a sacred war that Muslims consider to be a duty | Ex: In Arabic, the word "Jihad" means struggle.
5: Arab: a person native to the Middle East | Ex: The main religion of the Arabs is Muslim, and their main language is Arabic.
6: Sunni: A specific type of Muslim | Ex: Sunni Muslims make up about 80% of the Muslim population.
7: Shiite: another specific type of Muslim | Ex: Shiite Muslims can also be called "Shia" Muslim.
8: OPEC: an organization of countries with large amounts of petroleum | Ex: OPEC stands for the Organization [of the] Petroleum Exporting Countries.
9: Ramadan: the ninth month of a Muslim calender | Ex: During the month of Ramadan, Muslims refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, and sex during daylight hours.
10: Yom Kippur: A Jewish holy day on which Jews fast for a whole day | Ex: Jews are supposed to repent and pray solemnly on Yom Kippur.
11: Palestinians: people native to Palestine. | Ex: Recently, the Palestinians have been fighting to have Palestine become a country.
12: Taliban: a Muslim political group in Afghanistan | Al Qaeda: an Islamic terrorist group. | Ex: The Taliban is the group that attacked the Twin Towers on 9/11. | Ex: Al Qaeda was formed by Osama bin Laden.
13: P.L.O: is a Palestine Liberation Organization | P.L.O: is a Palestine Liberation Organization | Ex: The P.L.O. is said to be a representation of the Palestinians.
14: Hamas: a Islamic political group that opposes peace | Intifada: a Palestinian uprise against Israels occupation of the west bank. | Ex: The United States, Canada, Japan, and Israel classify Hamas as a terroistic group. | Ex: Intifada is a Arabic word which happens to mean "shaking off".
15: Hijab: A head dress that most Muslim woman wear as a symbol of their religion. | Ex: Woman in the Middle East are not allowed to be in public without wearing their Hijab.
16: Synagogue: a place where Jewish people worship. | Mosque: a place where Muslims worship. | Ex: Israel has many Synagogues because their country's main religion is Jewish. | Ex: Muslims pray towards the Mosque built by Abraham.
17: Fundamentalism: A form of Christianity that has a literal interpretation of the bible. | Ex: The Fundamentalism movement was started by a group of conservative Protestants.
18: Terrorism: Using terror to harm people. | Ex: Terrorism has greatly affected the security of the United States, especially on 9/11.
19: Bedouin: A nomadic Arab of the desert | Ex: A Bedouin is born into their lifestyle of living in the desert and knowing how to survive off the land.