BC: Bibliography "Equivocation." Manhattan Theatre Club. Web. 18 Dec. 2011.
FC: Gunpowder Plot and Equivocation Troy GIlfix Michael Behan Shamus Ehrenfried
1: Background Information -Henry VIII converted England to Protestantism from Catholicism around 1520's -Persecution of Catholics began under Edward VI -"Bloody" Mary attempted to restore Catholicism through severe persecution of Protestants -Elizabeth I: heir, introduced Elizabethan Religious Settlement -James I (James VI ofScotland) was much more tolerant than his predecessors, refused to persecute any who would abide by the law, however he did not END persecution -Various rebellion/assassination attempts throughout their reigns
2: Guy Fawkes-Born April 13 1570, Stonegate, Yorkshire. Died January 31 1606, Old Palace Yard, Westminster. Conspirator in Gunpowder Plot. | Robert Catesby- Born 1573. Died 8 November 8 1605, Holbeache House, Staffordshire. Main conspirator in the Gunpowder Plot. | Francis Tresham- Born:1567 Died December 22 1605 -The Tower of London. Conspirator in the Gunpowder plot. Ends up revealing the plan. | James I- Born June 19 1566 - Edinburgh Castle, Scotland. Died March 27 1625 - Theobalds, Hertfordshire. Only son of Mary, queen of Scots. Took throne after Elizabeth I. More tolerant of Catholicism,
3: Other conspirators: Thomas Wintour, Thomas Percy, Thomas Bates, Christopher Wright, Robert Wintour John Grant, John Wright, Robert Keyes, Ambrose Rookwood, Sir Everard Digby.
4: Even well before the Gunpowder plot, there were widespread rebellions similar to the Gunpowder Plot, all with the intent of fighting against the oppression of Catholics. These included: -The Northern Rebellion - 1569 -The Ridolfi Plot - 1571 -Edward Squire and the Poisoned Pommel Affair -The Essex Rebellion - 1601 -The Bye and Main Plots - 1603
5: The plot | -This was a reaction to all of the persecution that Catholics that had been dealing with since the conversion to Protestantism -The main goal was to kill King James I, but also to injure many of the senior members of the Privy Council. -5th of November, 1605 @ Annual Opening of Parliament -36 barrels of gunpowder were stored in the basement of the House of Lords -Needed to kidnap Princess Elizabeth, 3rd in line for crown to become new Catholic queen
6: How the plot went wrong | -William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle -Anonymous letter of warning -King James is informed -Parliament Houses searched -Fawkes discovered
7: Aftermath | -National relief -Concern -Foreign investigation
8: Equivocation | -Equivocation is distorting the truth, or giving answers to questions that are strange and obscure -The witches in Macbeth confuse him with their strange prophecies -Tied to the gunpowder plot through an allusion to Father Garnet