S: My Scrapbook
BC: The Mississippi River
FC: A Tour of the Mississippi River | Tour Guide: Zack Blanton
1: Steamboats are important to the history of the Mississippi River. Navigating the reefs, bars, snags and sunken wrecks along the river required great skill, and steamboat pilots were renowned for their intimate knowledge of the river. There were about 8 steamboats on the river prior to 1817 and by 1840 there were over 600 steamboats. | Steamboats
2: New technologies led to improved forms of transportation along the Mississippi River. As a result, there was a faster and more efficient distribution of agricultural goods, particularly cotton, which led to less costs and greater profits for farmers. | New Technologies
3: The Mississippi River was, for many slaves, a symbol of both liberty and bondage. When families were broken up by the auction block, it was often a steamboat which would carry a slave's loved ones away. Sometimes it was the children who were sent to new owners. The impact of both slaves and free slavery on the Mississippi River was of great importance to both slaves and free blacks. They looked to the river as a symbol of independence. | Slavery
4: Crime and petty thieves were wide-spread along the Mississippi River. John Murrell, a legendary bandit, along with his two brothers were well known petty thieves along the river. Murrell was accused of stealing horses, and at least once was caught with a freed slave living on his property. Murrell was also known to kidnap slaves and sell them back to other slave owners | Thieves
5: The Mississippi River was important to the survival of many people who settled along the river. The river was a great source for fishing and the fresh water and fertile valleys along the river produced a variety of wildlife. Therefore, both hunting and fishing provided food for many people. | Fishing and Hunting
6: Civil | Mississippi's location along the lengthy Mississippi River made it strategically important to both the North and South; dozens of battles were fought in the state as armies repeatedly clashed near key towns and cities.
7: War | Vicksburg was the site of the Battle of Vicksburg, an important battle in which the Union forces gained control of the entire Mississippi River. The capture of Vicksburg proved to be a major turning point in the Civil War.