FC: Freedom Riders
1: The Freedom Rides were scheduled to take just 13 days and initially involved only 13 Freedom Riders; however, by the end of the summer of 1961 over three hundred activists had participated in the rides. Although the riders faced violent attacks by the KKK, they never gave up. In the end, despite the many bumps in the road, nonviolent tactics worked and interstate travel was finally desegregated.
2: Beatings like these happened all around the Birmingham and Momtgomery area. | Ku Klux Klansmen beat George Webb, a black man, in the Birmingham Trailways bus station, May 14, 1961. The man with his back to the camera is FBI undercover agent Gary Thomas Rowe.
3: During the summer of 1961, Freedom Riders also campaigned against other forms of racial discrimination.
4: Freedom Rides established great credibility with blacks and whites throughout the United States
5: This is the map that shows where the Feedom Riders went on their trip.
6: Thomas Gaither of Great Falls helped create the Freedom Riders ,a group of civil rights activists that took their message from Washington,D.C. to New Orleans.
7: These guards were waiting on the Freedom Riders in order to protect them from the waiting mob violence.
8: This is a bunch of whites beating the Freedom Riders because they went to the wrong place.
9: Robert Singleton, one of the main Freedom Riders was arrested july 30, 1961, in a train station.
10: That's a photo of a police officer trying to hold back some of the Freedom Riders. This is an example of how badly they were treated because of their race.
11: This is some of the students that is going on a freedom ride . They were badly treated on these rides. Most were arrested and most were beaten or killed. Most were black but some were white. The black people were treated badly.
12: This is the Freedom Riders before the rides. They would all get together and board the bus at the same time. The majority of the bus would be blacks, but there were also a few white people.
13: The first Freedom Riders were members of the Nashville Student Group, a local group of students who had successfully desegregated the lunch counters and movie theaters in that city. Emboldened by their victory, the Freedom Riders decided to introduce their strategies of non-violence throughout the South in order to directly challenge the region’s Jim Crow laws.
14: In Anniston, a mob attacked this Greyhound buse and slashed its tires. Cars from the mob followed the bus and made it stop. They then firebombed the bus. As the bus burned, the mob held the doors shut, intent on burning the riders to death. An undercover law enforcement officer finally drew his gun and forced the doors to be opened. The riders were viciously beaten as they fled the burning bus.
15: On the morning of May 20, a bus carried riders streaking toward Montgomery, protected by a contingent of the Alabama State Highway Patrol. However, when they reached the Montgomery city limits, the Highway Patrol abandoned them. At the bus station, a huge white mob was waiting. The local police allowed the beatings to go on uninterrupted. Justice Department official Seigenthaler was beaten and left unconscious lying in the street. Ambulances refused to take the wounded to the hospital. Local blacks rescued them, and a number of the Freedom Riders were hospitalized.
16: Freedom riders weren't just made up of blacks. There were whites, too. They weren't treated any differently than the blacks. They were beaten and hospitalized just like the blacks. Many were arrested. Though this happened they stayed with it.
17: Freedom Riders Index C.J. Smith- 1-4 Robert Curtis- 5-8 David Sims- 9-12 Johntavis Townsend- 13-16