BC: The End
FC: Furman V. Georgia
1: Table Of Contents | 2-5 Background Information 6-9 Case information in Lower Courts 10-13 Case information in Supreme Court 14-17 AfterMath
2: In the Furman V. Georgia case, the victim awoke during a robbery in his house | Furman Claimed that while he was trying to escape, he tripped and accidentally discharged his gun. The bullet went through the door and killed the victim
3: Furman was tried for murder and found guilty, he was sentenced to death. His death punishment was never carried out | His death penalty was overruled by the court with a vote of 5 to 4.
4: Furman had a long record of felonies and misdemeanors. | Furman had already been diagnosed as being mentally insane | Furman had robbed houses in this area to get things to survive...dude how messed up is that
5: This case imposes the question of does the death penalty violate the 8th and 14th amendment
6: Unfortunately, he was black in a time where racism was still around so they were already against him | Also, because he was a prior offender it was harder for the jury to take his side | Furmans case lasted only one day. The court rejected Furmans insanity plea and found him guilty of murder.
7: Thug Life | The lower courts found him guilty and sentenced him to death | After multiple appeals, his court finally made it to the supreme court
8: In 1972 the states used systems that gave broad discretion when it came to the juries deciding the death penalty | The supreme court stuck down this feature in Georgia's sentencing plans and struck down the death penalty
9: This decision was then administered throughout the United States. | On May 3 the court postponed Furmans execution so he could appeal to the supreme court. | Several lawyers including Anthony Amsterdam Joined Mayfield to help with the appeal.
10: The Justices Ruled the case in a close 5 to 4 decision. | Justices Brennan and Marshall believed that the Death penalty was unconstitutional in all instances.
11: Many Justices had focused on the different ways the death sentence had been imposed and found that many more black people had gotten the death sentence where a white person would just get life.
12: The supreme court accepted this case because it questioned how the death penalty should be distributed and made it so it was not decided based on race. | The majority of the court could not agree on a rationale and could not make a controlling opinion
13: The supreme court struck down the death penalty because they said that the eighth amendment prevents such legal systems from freakishly imposing"such punishment.
14: The ruling of this case helped prevent juries from making random, racial and unfair results by giving guidance to the juries to apply the death penalty fairly. | After Furman most states rewrote their death penalty laws and created a two phase system.
15: In the first phase the Jury decided if the defendant is guilty of murder | In the second phase the jury hears new evidence to decide if the defendant deserves the death penalty
16: In Gregg v Georgia the Supreme Court decided that the new laws were valid under the eighth amendment. | The US was allowed to keep the death penalty
17: In 1999, 104 of the death penalty victims were white while only fifteen of them were black. | Death penalties after the Furman case have become less biased and based more on the crime itself.