FC: Japanese History Final Semester Project Scrapbook by: Marie Perez
1: Table of Contents | Jomon Era Yayoi Era Yamato Era Ktoku Tenno Nara Era Heian Era Murasaki Shikibu Kamakura Era Muromachi Era Momoyama Era Oda Nobunaga Edo Era Matthew Perry Meiji Era Taisho Era Showa Era Heisei Era | 2-3 4-5 6-7 8-9 10-11 12-13 14-15 16-17 18-19 20-21 22-23 24-25 26-27 28-29 30-31 32-33 34-35
2: Jomon Era 30,000 BC - 300 AD | Capital: None Ruling Party: Clan leaders
3: Clay pottery made with rope-patterns. Pit-houses used as temporary homes. | Timeline
4: Yayoi Era 300 - 710 | Capital: Fujiwara Ruling Party: Emperor; Shotoku Taishi
5: More stable clans formed; clans merged with each other. New practices like weaving, rice farming, religion and iron and bronze-making were formed. Iron bells were made in this era. 1 AD: Mentioned in Chinese history as “Land of Wa.” 57: Emperor established trade. 180: Empress was a wei woman. Was ‘queen’. | Timeline
6: Yamato Era 300 - 710 | Capital: Asuka Ruling Party: Clan leaders (merging nomads). Gods per clan. Emperor: Guangwu. Empress: Himiko.
7: 538: Buddhism is introduced to Japan 600: First official Japanese mission sent to China 604: Kenpo Jushichijo (Chinese-style constitution) is inaugurated 605: Buddhism and Confucianism declared the state religions | Timeline
8: Kotoku Tenno | Name: Kotoku Tenno Personal Name: Karu Title: 36th Emperor of Japan (645 - 654) Age at Death: 58 Importance: Enacted the Taika Reform Edicts
10: Nara Era 710 - 794 | Capital: Fujiwara Ruling Party: Emperor; Shotoku Taishi
11: 710: The collection of tales Kojiki 720: The collection of tales Nihon Shoki 752: Daibutsu (The Great Buddha) at Toudai-ji is completed 759: The poetic anthology Man’youshuu | Timeline
12: Heian Era 794 - 1192 | Capital: Fujiwara Ruling Party: Emperor; Shotoku Taishi
13: 900: Sei Shounagon writes the Pillow Book 1000-1008 Murasaki Shikibu writes Genji Monogatari 1050: Rise of the samurai class 1185: Taira is defeated in the Gempei War 1191: Zen Buddhism is introduced and becomes popular with the samurai | Timeline
14: Murasaki Shikibu | Name: Murasaki Shikubu (973 - 1014) Personal Name: Unknown. Fujiwara Tatako? Title: Lady-in-waiting for Empress Shoshi. Authoress. Age at Death: 41 Importance: Wrote the Tale of Genji, which is considered the first novel written.
16: Kamakura Era 1192 - 1333 | Capital: Fujiwara Ruling Party: Emperor; Shotoku Taishi
17: 1192: Emperor appoints Minamoto Yoritomo as shogun. 1192: Bakufu is established 1199: Minamoto Yoritomo dies 1221: The Kamakura army defeats the imperial army (Koukyu Disturbance) 1274: Mongols try to invade but are stopped by a typhoon. 1292: May 27, a major earthquake and tsunami hit Sagami Bay and Kamakura 1241: Earthquake and tsunami hit the same general area. 1257: Earthquake and tsunami hit the same general area. 1333: Nitta Yoshisada conquers and destroys Kamaruka, ending Kamakura shogunate | Timeline
18: Muromachi Era 1333-1568 | Capital: Fujiwara Ruling Party: Emperor; Shotoku Taishi
19: 1338: Ashikaga Takauji declared himself shogun. 1450: Ounin War is split among daimyou 1542: Firearms are introduced by shipwrecked Portuguese. 1568: Daimyou Oda Nobunaga enters Kyoto and ends the civil war. 1568: The Archbishopric of Edo is established and the first Japanese Jesuits are ordained. 1573: Oda Nobunaga overthrows the Muromachi bakufu and extends his control over all of Japan | Timeline
20: Momoyama Era 1568 - 1603 | Capital: Fujiwara Ruling Party: Emperor; Shotoku Taishi
21: 1568: Nobunaga enters Kyoto, marking the beginning of the Azuchi-Momoyama period. 1573: Nobunaga overthrows the Muromachi bakufu and exerts control over central Japan 1582: Nobunaga is assassinated by Akechi Mitsuhide, who is then defeated by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. 1584: Hideyoshi fights Tokugawa Ieyasu to a standstill. 1590: Hideyoshi defeats the Hojo clan, effectively unifying Japan. 1598: Hideyoshi dies 1600: Battle of Sekigahara. Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats an army of daimyo and establishes rule over most of Japan. | Timeline
22: Oda Nobunaga | Name: Oda Nobunaga (1534 - 1582) Childhood Name: Keppoushi Title: Daimyou. Shogun. First Unifier of Japan. Age at Death: 48 Importance: Ended the civil war and began the movement of the unification of Japan as one single state under his rule.
24: Edo Era 1603 - 1868 | Capital: Fujiwara Ruling Party: Emperor; Shotoku Taishi
25: 1603: The emperor appoints Tokugawa Ieyasu as shogun. 1614: Tokugawa Ieyasu bans Christianity from Japan. 1616: Ieyasu dies. 1633: Tokugawa Iemitsu forbids traveling abroad and reading foreign books. 1641: Iemitsu bans all foreigners, except Chinese and Dutch, from Japan. 1650: Bushido is formed. 1639: National seclusion is completed. 1657: The Great Fire of Meireki destroys most of Edo. 1700: Kabuki and ukiyoue becomes popular. 1841: Tenpou Reforms 1854: USA Forces Japan to sign the Treaty of Kanagawa. 1855: Russia and Japan establish diplomatic relations. 1868: Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns and the emperor Meiji is restored. | Timeline
26: Matthew Perry | Name: Matthew C. Perry (1794 - 1858) Title: Commodore (U.S. Navy) Age at Death: 94 Importance: Compelled the opening of Japan with the Treaty of Kanagawa.
28: Meiji Era 1868 - 1912 | Capital: Fujiwara Ruling Party: Emperor; Shotoku Taishi
29: 1912: (July 30) The Taisho Emperor assumes the throne. 1914: (Aug 23) Japan declares war on Germany 1915: (Jan 18) Japan sends the Twentry-One Demands to China 1920: Japan helped found the League of Nations. 1922: (Feb 6) Five Power Naval Disarmament Treaty is signed. 1923: (Sep 1) The Great Kanto earthquake devastates Tokyo. 1926: (Dec 25) Emperor Taisho dies; Hirohito becomes emperor. | Timeline
30: Taisho Era 1912 - 1926 | Capital: Fujiwara Ruling Party: Emperor; Shotoku Taishi
31: 1912: (July 30) The Taisho Emperor assumes the throne. 1914: (Aug 23) Japan declares war on Germany 1915: (Jan 18) Japan sends the Twentry-One Demands to China 1918: Japan was given the German colonies in Asia. 1920: Japan helped found the League of Nations. 1922: (Feb 6) Five Power Naval Disarmament Treaty is signed. 1923: (Sep 1) The Great Kanto earthquake devastates Tokyo. 1924: U.S limits number of Japanese immigrants. 1926: (Dec 25) Yoshihito dies; Hirohito becomes emperor. | Timeline
32: Showa Era 1926 - 1969 | Capital: Fujiwara Ruling Party: Emperor; Shotoku Taishi
33: 1929: Great Depression began. 1940: (Sept) Japan signed a treaty with Germany and Italy to form the Axis Powers. 1931: Manchuria completely claimed. 1941: (Dec 7) Malaya is invaded. 1941: (Dec 22) Philippines is invaded. 1941: (Dec 25) Hong Kong is invaded. 1944: (Oct 20) MacArthur returned 1945: (Aug 6) Hiroshima bombed. 1945: (Aug 8) USSR declared war on Japan 1945: (Aug 9) Nagasaki bombed. 1945: (Sept 2) Treaty was signed on the USS Missouri 1950’s: Cold War. 1954: Reconstruction ended. 1955: Liberal Democratic Party formed 1956: Japan joined UN. 1964: Summer Olympics held in Tokyo. 1964: Shinkansen opened. 1972: Okinawa returned to Japan. 1973: OPEC world oil crisis. 1983: Disney World opens | Timeline
34: Heisei Era 1989 - present | Capital: Fujiwara Ruling Party: Emperor; Shotoku Taishi
35: 1989: (Jan 7) Hirohito died 1989: (Jan 8) Akihito ‘coronated’ 1990: Akihito ceremoniously coronated. 1990: Economic boom 1990: (March) Bubble burst 1992: (Jan 13) Japan apologized to comfort women. 1995: (Jan 17) Kobe Earthquake 1995: (Mar 19) Sarin Gas Attack 1975: G6 formed 1976: Canada added to G6. Now G7. 1997: Russia and China added to G6, Germany removed. Now G8. 1998: Winter Olympics held in Nagano. 2004: (Sept 17) Mexico and Japan signed a free trade agreement. | Timeline