S: Sara Rodriguez
BC: The End
FC: Racism In The 20's
1: In 1915, the second Ku Klux Klan was created by former pastor William J Simmons. The Klan focused more on immigrants rather then race which was the usual attack. This Klan was the one with the largest amount of members reaching 5 million. Simmons was also known for introducing the ritual of the burning cross.
2: To many, the conviction and trial of a Jewish factory manager Leo Frank is the event that rose up the 2nd KKK. Leo Frank was convicted of raping and murdering his 13 year old employee Mary Phagan at the pencil facotry he managed. Reports say Mary was dropping by to get her check before she attended a parade when she was killed. A security guard was one who found her body during early morning hours.
3: When the judge ordered Leo to life in prison, Americans, especially racist Americans were not satisfied with the judgement. Members of the KKK then kidnapped Leo from prison and he was lynched
4: Soon after WWI, immigration in the United States increased dramatically. In 1919 alone, about 110,000 immigrants settled in America. The number increased more then 3X that amount that same year.
5: As with the Red Scare, most Americans reacted in a defensive way and felt a threat from the immigrants, and feared the American vision would be destroyed. That's when the Emergency Quota Act of 1921 was passed.
6: The newly formed Act controlled the number of immigrants that entered the United States. | This new act stated that the number of immigrants that were allowed in the United States for a certain country was only 3% to the people from that country that were already living in America. For example if there are 15,000 Italians living in the U.S then 3% of that number can come in.
7: The trial of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti was a well known event during the 20's. Both Sacco & Vanzetti were accused of the murders of a paymaster and guard during a 1921 robbery. Both Sacco & Vanzetti were Italian immigrants and were known anarchists. The infamouse trial caused a stir of protests and riots during the trial.
8: The judge and jury were easily noticed as prejudice and racist against the suspects and especially their political veiws. After 7 years of the ongoing trial, Sacco & Vanzetti were found guilty and executed on August 23, 1927
9: Racism is still alive today, though not shown in the public as teh KKK had been, or infamous trials such as Sacco & Vanzetti. That proves that racism has calmed down and became less of a problem, but doesn't change the fact that it is indeed a problem growing.