BC: The End
FC: By Logan Elbow Park School | The Famous Five
1: My Question: "How have the Famous Five and other trailblazing women influenced the lives of women today, including one Alberta judge?"
2: Introduction: In my digital scrapbook you will learn more about the Famous Five. You will also hear a little bit of information from Justice Paperny, J.A. who is one of the top judges in Alberta! I have asked her a few questions About the Famous Five!
3: The Famous Five are on the Fifty Dollar bill because of their hard work and determination for the betterment of the women of Canada.
4: Here are the Famous Five, left to right, Nellie McClung, Emily Murphy, Henrietta Muir Edwards, Louise McKinney and Irene Parlby.
5: In 1875 Grace Annie Lockhart was the first woman to get a degree, she went to the University of Mount Allison.
6: In 1876 law states that women are persons in | matter of pains and penalties but not in the matter of rights | and privileges.
7: In 1881 Dr.Charlotte Ross became the first woman to practice medicine in Western Canada.
8: In 1885, Alberta unmarried women property owners, gained the right to vote and hold office in school matters. | In 1912 the united farmers of Alberta endorse women suffrages. In January 1916, Manitoba became first province to give women
9: women the right to vote. In March 1916 , Saskatchewan gets the right to vote for women. In April 1916 , women got to vote and the Alberta suffrage equal act | gives absolute equality with men in the province. In 1916 Emily Murphy becomes the first women to be appointed as a magistrate.
10: In 1917, women gained the right to vote and run for office in British Columbia, and Ontario provincial elections. In the same year Louise McKiney and Roberta MacAdanis of Alberta became the first women elected to a provincial legislature.
11: In 1921, Irene Parbly is appointed minister in the United Farmers Government and becomes the first women in the British Empire to serve as a Cabinet Minister. | In 1927 the Five arrive at Emily's house to sign a petition regarding appointing women to the Senate. | In 1928 the Supreme Court of Canada decides women are Persons who could hold office as a Senator!!
12: In 1951, Charlotte Whitton is elected Mayor of Ottawa. She was the first female in Canada to be a elected as Mayor. In 1957, Ellen Louks Fairclugh is the first women appointed to the Federal Cabinet. Photo of Charlotte Whitton
13: Justice Marina Paperny is an Appeal Court Judge in Alberta. I asked Justice Paperny, two questions about the Famous Five. My two questions were,"If the Famous Five did not do their work, would women have the same rights that they have today?" Her answer follows. | "I like to believe that women would have achieved their current legal status as a matter of right within the law whether or not the Persons case was heard. However, that case and the work of the Famous Five pushed that agenda at a time when other countries lagged behind. In other words I believe, womens rights would have developed but perhaps not as quickly had the Famous Five not been the trail blazers that they were. They should be lauded for their activism to increase womens participation in legislative bodies and in politics generally." | My interview with Justice Paperny
14: My next question was "How did the work of the Famous influence your life?" Justice Paperny replied,"The Famous Five asked the Supreme Court of Canada to answer the question, Does the word persons, in section 24, of the BNA act influence female persons? The Supreme Court of Canada responded that question as no, which means women were not eligible for appointment to the Senate of Canada. However, they appealed the case to the British judicial committee, of the Privy Council, who over turned that decision. The case had important ramifications not just for womens rights but for the law by changing the approach to the Canadian constitution to one known as the Living Tree Doctrine." | My interview continued
15: "Their influence on my life is two fold: First, Emily Murphy was the British Empires first female judge establishing the toe hold for women in the judiciary. Without her appointment one is left to wonder, when a women would have been appointed to the bench and how much longer it would have taken for us to reach the point where we have a women Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada? The second important influence is the legal approach adopted in the Persons Case, an approach which opened the door to significant legal developments that ultimately grew into our Charter of Rights and Freedoms, not the fundamental underpinning of the Law of Canada."
16: Emily Murphy's tombstone in Edmonton. One quick fun fact; did you know that the first woman to vote was Mrs.Marie Rufth Byrum. She got up at 6:30a.m. and by 7:00 she had cast her vote to be the first woman to vote!
17: After my research of the Famous Five and discussions with Justice Paperny and other important women in my life such as my Mom, I am shocked to believe that women did not always have the same rights, and that life would be any other way! Now women have rights that they did not have before, all because of the famous five. I hope that you liked my project!!
18: Sources: 1.http://www.abheritage.ca/famous5/timeline.html 2. Justice Paperny Justice of appeals 3.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Famous_Five_(Canada) 4 ."Great Canadian women" Ilizzebeth Macloud 5 "Discover Canada Alberta" Edna Bakken 6 "Canadian Greats" Maxine Trottier 7 "Her Story " Susane Merritt
19: The End.