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The Famous Five.finn

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BC: QUOTES 1."Men like frivolity-before marriage; but they demand all the sterner virtues afterwards." -Nellie McClung 2."... most of us are coming to believe that it is vastly better to bring the kingdom of god upon earth rather than to defer it for heavenly regions. Indeed, the one is actually supplementary to the other." -Emily Murphy 3."If women had the vote there would be no need to come twice asking for better legislation for women and children, no need to come again and again for the appointment of women and children are employed; we would not ask in vain for the raising of the wage or consent. We do not want to vote as men, we want to vote as women-the more womanly the better." -Henrietta Muir Edwards 4."If we instill tolerance' not hatred, developing a real spiritual love of country, if we can do all this, we need be afraid of no such little thing as a Latin text of an American anthem tucked away in a text book." -Irene Parlby 5."The purpose of woman's life is just the same as the purpose of man's life -that she may make the best possible contribution to the generation in which she is living." -Louise McKinney -

FC: THE FAMOUS FIVE Wednesday October 7 2009 Elbow Park Grade Six By Finlay W.

1: INTRODUCTION In this digital scrapbook you will learn about the influences of the Famous Five and how they spearheaded changes to women's political rights. These are some things you will learn about: Pink Teas, The Dower Act, and the Person's Case. I will answer the question "How did "Pink Teas" and the suffrage movement change women's political rights?" .

2: SUFFRAGE MEETINGS When women were campaigning to receive the vote in the early 1900's their suffrage meetings were disrupted by opponents like their husbands and fathers.

3: PINK TEAS Pink Teas were developed as a way for women to gather and discuss various issues of importance including suffrage. Only women were invited.

4: CONVERSATIONS Only the person setting up the Pink Tea would know if they would talk about strategies to obtain the vote or just have pleasant conversation. That way if men appeared, the women could change the subject.

5: MEN AND PINK TEAS The men usually felt uncomfortable about attending Pink Teas and some would avoid interfering. Other men thought their wives should attend because it was safer than going to political meetings.

6: SOCIAL INJUSTICES At the Pink Teas they talked about social injustices for the women. One main one was that if women became widows the family's money, property and children would go to another family member or even a stranger, but not the woman herself.

7: EMILY MURPHY One of the Famous Five, Emily Murphy, went on a trip to the countryside and met a woman who had been left homeless. She had worked on her farm for 18 years but her husband sold the land and left with all the money and the children. The woman could do nothing about it, and this infuriated Emily Murphy.

8: LOUISE MCKINNEY AND HENRIETTA MUIR EDWARDS Two other Famous Five women, Louise Mckinney and Henrietta Muir Edwards, also wanted to improve the lives of widows and separated wives. They drafted a bill that became known as The Dower Act.

9: THE DOWER ACT In 1917, the Dower Act was passed in the Alberta Legislature. The Dower Act gave women property rights in marriage. It stated that women were entitled to one third of their husband's estate.

10: THE GOVERNMENT'S POSITION Even though the Dower Act passed, it took many years before it was enforced because the government still said that women were not persons to them. In 1927, this led to Emily Murphy spearheading the fight to have women declared "persons" in Canada and be able to serve in the Senate.

11: IS A FEMALE A "PERSON"? In 1927, the Famous Five asked the Supreme Court of Canada the question, "Does the word "person" in section 24 of the BNA Act include female persons?" The Supreme Court of Canada debated for five weeks and decided that the word "persons" did not include women.

12: THE PERSONS CASE The Famous Five were shocked with this decision and took what was now known as the "Persons Case" to the British Privy Council. On October 18, 1929, the British Privy Council declared that women were"persons" under the law. This was a legal history milestone in Canada.

13: LANDMARK DECISION This landmark decision changed the face of Canadian politics. Women were now granted the right to be appointed to the Senate. It also helped guarantee that women would be represented in all levels of Canadian politics. It was one of the Famous Five's best achievements.

14: RIGHTS FOR WOMEN The Person's Case helped to ensure that women in the future could participate in all aspects of public life. The Famous Five also secured the right for women to vote and serve as elected officials at the school board, hospital board, and at the municipal, provincial, and federal level.

15: FUN FACTS 1.Did you know the Famous Five are on the back of the fifty dollar bill? 2.Did you know in the 1800's if women got married then they would get fired from their job? 3.Did you know if the Famous Five didn't accomplish what they did then there would not be any famous women today?

16: CONCLUSION I hope that my scrapbook has demonstrated how the Famous Five helped to change women's political rights. The Famous Five's contributions paved the way for women to vote, serve in the Senate, and participate in other aspects of public life.

17: SOURCES 1.http://www.abheritage.ca/Famous5/achievements/ Emily_Murphy.html 2.http://www.ncwc.ca/5_Emily_Murphy.html 3.http://www.abheritage.ca/Famous5/ 4.http://www.albertacentennial.ca/news/viewpost. gpxmid=364.html 5.http://womenshistory.about.com/ed/laws/p/persons-case.htm 6.http://www.Famous5.ca/frames/frame_education_ about.htm 7.http://www.abheritage.ca/Famous5/achievements /Louise_Mckinney.html 8.http://www.assembly.ab.ca/visitor/F5factsheet.pdf 9.http://www.swc.cfc.gc.ca/dates/gg/case-affaire-eng .html 10.http://www.edukits.ca/famous/readings_ mcKinney, McClung, Edwards, Parlby, and Murphy.html

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