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The Maya

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FC: Spanish V Taylor Dourney, Shreya Patel, Karissa Collins, Sarah Randall, Tori Strain | The Mayan Civilization

1: M A T H E M A T I C S | M A Y A N

2: -Mayans created a sophisticated number system -Vigesimal system based on the twenty number system because people would use their fingers and toes to count. -Twenty was the base, therefore, larger numbers had powers of 20

3: Try to pronounce their numbers! | 20: Kal 400: Bak 8000: Pic 160,000 Calab 3,200,000: Kinchil 64,000,000: Alau

4: -Discovered the number zero which was still unknown to Greek and Egyptian civilizations -Understood the concept of fractions. The word tzuc meant "part" -Used the bar and dot shorthand method. One dot=one, one bar=five

5: Now try an example with your teacher! | What would 9 x 20 look like based on the Mayan number system?

6: Astronomy & Architecture

7: Three different types of calendars -Long count: used for historical purposes; can define any date for milennia in the past and future -Haab: civil calendar; 360 days ( 18 periods of 20 days); 5 added to synchronize with solar year -Tzolkin: ceremonial uses (20 periods of 13 days); cycle every 260 days

8: Based on the solar cycle, not lunar or seasonal Very high accuracy, after 584 days they were only two hours off Buildings were created to help observers monitor position of the stars Many buildings pointed towards equinoxes, while some doorways would align with the northern and southern rising of Venus, one of the most important celestial bodies to Mayan culture Strong belief in structure and order of the universe, buildings reflected this idea

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  • By: taylor d.
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  • Title: The Maya
  • Information about Mayan Mathematics, Astronomy, and Architecture
  • Tags: None
  • Published: about 4 years ago

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