BC: Thanks to the following websites:
FC: Irish Immigration
1: Arlene Rose McLoughlin Irish Immigrant of year 1848 | The Story of:
3: This picture shows immigrants on a steamship traveling to America, much like something Arlene would have | traveled to America by. The journey over was harsh, with cramped quarters, unpredictable weather conditions, lack of food, and diseases. The immigrants were confined to the lowest parts of the ship, the steerage, and many did not see the light of day. However, still many risked it to come to America -- the land of opportunity.
5: Upon arriving to the United States, immigrants were forced to take certain tests to determine if they were physically and mentally healthy -- and whether or not they | had a good understanding of the English language and could read it. If not, they were sent back to where they came from. This is a stamp that could have been used in a letter from Arlene to her family that she had left behind. Many immigrants wrote to | their families, telling them of the great opportunities -- and hardships -- that lay ahead
7: Once the immigrants passed the entrance tests, they would have been given some sort of identification/certificate, proving they were a new citizen. This one has a picture of an Irish girl, although the background is a more modern immigrant certificate.
9: This picture shows one of the better tenement houses that immigrants had to live in -- and still in this day and age is | considered next to impossible. There are seven people living in this room; many times there were 10, 11, even 12 people living in one room. Jacob Riis was a famous photographer who would go around and take photographs, depicting what the immigrants had to go through. Depending on how big Arlene's family was, they might have had to share not only the bed(s) and floor, but there might not have been enough blankets to go around. Many immigrants died of hunger and cold. Coming to the United States of America was their dream, and yet life was very harsh.
11: Dear Diary, It is the year of 1848. We are in the U.S.A., the land of the free. Away from the potato famine, away from the oppression -- and yet there is a new type here. Here, some people look down on us, refusing to give us jobs to put food on our tables. We are people, just like them! We have dreams too! ...I suppose though, even with all the struggles this is STILL the land of the free. One thing is for sure... it is definitely the "home of the brave"; for here, only they survive. | Arlene Rose McLoughlin