BC: Hanna Tonini | Mr. Leshinsky 3d period 04-23-08
1: Money | Consumers spend plenty during the holiday season, and with tightening budgets, they are spending money here they see the best deals. The fastest-growing source of discount coupons on the Internet in U.S. market has logically moved to expand internationally with the launch of its U.K. sister site - 'http://www.Wow-Coupons.co.uk', right before the Christmas craze. Wow Things, Inc. releases 'http://www.Wow-Coupons.co.uk' as a complementary service to U.S. "sister-site," Wow-Coupons.com, a #1 portal for printable store coupons. Despite traditionally low redemption rates and consumer apathy to money-off coupons in the U.K., a recent survey carried out on behalf of Pay By Touch (June 5, 2007 ) confirms that shoppers respond positively to discount programs if they are both highly targeted and convenient to use. In fact, the survey revealed that 88 percent of shoppers would use discount coupons, if these were more focused on their product preferences and were available in store while they were shopping. Convenience meets up with those looking for savings at national retailers such as ChoicesUK, dwell, Tesco and many others at Wow-Coupons.co.uk. The site also offers printable coupons for restaurants and for groceries, and for travel to familiar local and international travel destinations. Wow-Coupons' U.K. shoppers in the United Kingdom receive major discounts and vouchers on a range of products and services, whether they choose to shop in a retail location or online. "For a working mom, smart shopping can be serious business," said CEO Elena Potoupa. "That's me: a busy young business manager with a nose for bargains, a knack for organization, and an energetic son who deserves the best of everything." Potoupa began WOW Coupons as a way to make the most of the wealth of savings, concentrating on the retail industry. She currently works as GM for ERC, Inc., leading master agent for AT&T Mobile and Helio Wireless, and she has more than 10 years of finance, accounting, management, strategic planning and marketing experience. In 2005, a complete newbie to affiliate marketing industry, she won a prestigious e-commerce LinkShare Golden Link "Innovative Affiliate of the Year" Award. On WOW-Coupons.co.uk, categories include printable coupons with Printable Retail, Printable Grocery, Printable Restaurant and Printable Travel Coupons subcategories, as well as Online Coupons. A powerful search tool will help shoppers find exactly what they need.
2: Elizabeth II, born April 21, 1926, is the eldest daughter of George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. She married Philip Mountbatten, a distant cousin, in 1947; the pair have four children: Charles, Prince of Wales, Anne, Andrew and Edward. She has reigned for forty-six years, and appears capable of remaining on the throne for quite some time. Monarchy, as an institution in Europe, all but disappeared during the two World Wars: a scant ten monarchs remain today, seven of which have familial ties to England. Elizabeth is, by far, the best known of these, and is the most widely traveled Head of State in the world. Her ascension was accompanied by constitutional innovation; each independent, self-governing country proclaimed Elizabeth, Queen of their individual state. She approves of the transformation from Empire to Commonwealth, describing the change as a "beneficial and civilized metamorphosis." The indivisibility of the crown was formally abandoned by statute in 1953, and "Head of the Commonwealth" was added to the long list of royal titles which she possesses. Elizabeth's travels have won the adulation of her subjects; she is greeted with honest enthusiasm and warm regard with each visit abroad. She has been the master link in a chain of unity forged among the various countries within the Commonwealth. Hence, the monarchy, as well as the Empire, has evolved - what once was the image of absolute power is now a symbol of fraternity. Elizabeth has managed to maintain a division between her public and private life. She is the first monarch to send her children to boarding schools in order to remove them from the ever-probing media. She has a strong sense of duty and diligence and dispatches her queenly business with great candor, efficiency and dignity. Her knowledge of current situations and trends is uncannily up to date, often to the embarrassment of her Prime Ministers. Harold Wilson, upon his retirement, remarked, "I shall certainly advise my successor to do his homework before his audience." Churchill, who had served four monarchs, was impressed and delighted by her knowledge and wit. She possesses a sense of humor rarely exhibited in public where a dignified presence is her goal. Elizabeth, like her father before her, raised the character of the monarchy through her actions. Unfortunately, the actions of her children have tarnished the royal name. The much publicized divorces of Charles from Diana and Andrew from Sarah Ferguson have been followed by further indiscretions by the princes, causing a heavily-taxed populace to rethink the necessity of a monarchy. Perhaps Elizabeth will not reign as long as Victoria, but her exceptionally long reign has provided a bright spot in the life of her country. The Coronation Ceremony of Queen Elizabeth II The Order of Service and a transcript of every spoken word of the Coronation ceremony performed in Westminster Abbey on June 2, 1953. The Queen at 70 A flattering look at the reign of Queen Elizabeth on the occasion of her 70th birthday, by Tom Corby, former Court correspondent, Press Association, London.
3: Buckingham Palace has served as the official London residence of Britain's sovereigns since 1837. It evolved from a town house that was owned from the beginning of the eighteenth century by the Dukes of Buckingham. Today it is The Queen's official residence, with 775 rooms. Although in use for the many official events and receptions held by The Queen, areas of Buckingham Palace are opened to visitors on a regular basis. The State Rooms of the Palace are open to visitors during the Annual Summer Opening in August and September. They are lavishly furnished with some of the greatest treasures from the Royal Collection - paintings by Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Poussin, Canaletto and Claude; sculpture by Canova and Chantrey; exquisite examples of Svres porcelain; and some of the finest English and French furniture in the world.
4: At 9'-0" diameter, 7'-6" high, and weighing in at 13 tons 10 cwts 3 qtrs 15lbs (13,760 Kg), the hour bell of the Great Clock of Westminster - known worldwide as 'Big Ben' - is the most famous bell ever cast at Whitechapel. This picture, painted by William T. Kimber, the head moulder responsible for casting the bell, shows George Mears with his wife and daughter inspecting the casting prior to despatch. Big Ben was cast on Saturday 10th April 1858, but its story begins more than two decades earlier.... | On 16th October 1834, fire succeeded where Guy Fawkes and his fellow plotters had failed on 5th November 1605, and destroyed the Palace of Westminster, long the seat of the British government. Those few bits of the Old Palace that survived the fire - most notably Westminster Hall, which was built between 1097 and 1099 by William Rufus - were incorporated into the new buildings we know today, along with many new features. | In 1844, Parliament decided that the new buildings for the Houses of Parliament, by then under construction, should incorporate a tower and clock. The commission for this work was awarded to the architect Charles Barry, who initially invited just one clockmaker to produce a design and quotation. The rest of the trade objected to this, demanding the job be put out to competitive tender. The Astronomer Royal, George Airy was appointed to draft a specification for the clock. One of his requirements was that: "the first stroke of the hour bell should register the time, correct to within one second per day, and furthermore that it should telegraph its performance twice a day to Greenwich Observatory, where a record would be kept."
5: United Kingdom or the UK)  is a constitutional monarchy in northern Europe. The Union comprises four constituent nations: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It occupies all of the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern portion of the island of Ireland and most of the remaining British Isles. It counts Ireland, France, Belgium and Netherlands as its nearest neighbours. The Isle of Man and the various Channel Islands are "crown dependencies", linked to the UK by various ties and mutual obligations but not part of it (or of the EU). Gibraltar is a British territory within the EU with its own autonomous government. The UK today is a diverse patchwork of native and immigrant cultures, possessing a fascinating history and dynamic modern culture, both of which remain hugely influential in the wider world. Although Britannia no longer rules the waves, the UK is still a popular destination for many travellers. The capital city of the United Kingdom (and the largest city) is London.
6: Known as both the London Eye or the Millennium Wheel, this huge 450-foot ferris wheel on the South Bank gives a fabulous bird's eye view of London, if your stomach is strong enough. Its inception in the beginning of 2000 honoured the Millenium; and the spectacular views stretch for 25 miles on a clear day to include views of Windsor and Tunbridge Wells. Up to 25 people can fit in each of the wheel's "capsules." The wheel turns surprisingly slowly-it takes thirty minutes to go round, so there's plenty of time to spot landmarks and take photos.
7: Double Decker Buses Since you just ride London's doubledecker buses to get around, you'll use regular London bus tickets for doubledecker bus tickets. Credit card-sized plastic passes called Oyster cards give you lots of London tube and bus rides at half the cost of paper bus tickets, and you can buy Oyster passes in London convenience stores or at London tube stations. Get a week's Oyster pass if you're staying three or more days; it's worth it. Oyster cards are a minimum of 16.30 GBP (that's $18.65 as I write in spring 2006) and you can recharge 16.30 GBP at a time. You'll get a deposit and any leftover cash back when you return the Osyter pass at tube stations. You can buy paper bus tickets by the day or by the ride in tube stations. These aren't a snap to find (another good reason to get an Oyster card). A one-day ticket is about $4. Londoners think bus tickets are spendy because the government wants you to use Oyster cards. Perhaps; Oyster cards *are* handy, though. When you get on a double decker bus, swipe your Oyster card over a card reader near the driver (he sits on the right) or feed your ticket into the reader's maw (you'll get it back -- keep it; you can be fined for riding without a ticket). This is so easy, and London bus drivers so patient, that you'll figure it out the first time you board a double decker bus.