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World History of 1988

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FC: World History of 1988 By: Allison Petlichkoff

1: With a death toll of 1.5 million, the Iran-Iraq War ends after 8 years.

2: The Soviets agreed to remove their troops from Afghanistan. There was a total of 120,000 troops in Afghanistan at the time. The Soviet losses were estimated at 16,000 soldiers killed during the war in Afghanistan.

3: William Buckley, an officer with the Central Intelligence Agency, and Lieut. Col. William R. Higgins of the Marines, two hostages slain by their captors in Beirut, were buried with elaborate military honors in 1988. Mr. Buckley, a veteran of the Korean and Vietnam Wars was stationed in Beirut under cover as an embassy political officer, was the C.I.A. station chief in Lebanon when he was abducted in March 1984. Colonel Higgins was leading the United Nations observer team in Lebanon when he was seized in early 1988 by a pro-Iranian Shiite Muslim group.

4: An earthquake measuring 6.9 in magnitude hit Armenia | It killed nearly 25,000, injured 15,000, and left at least 400,000 homeless

5: On October 18, the regime of Erich Hoenecker, the Communist leader of East Germany, fell. It succumbed to increasing riots, as well as a flood of East Germans leaving via the open borders of Hungary. On November 9th, the new government announced the end of all travel restrictions, and soon thousands of Berliners took part in taking down the Berlin Wall that had divided the city for 27 years.

6: Just before christmas in 1988, Pan Am Flight 103 was blown up over scotland, killing the 259 passangers and their crew members on there way from London to New York. The United States and Scotland issued indictments on two Lybian intellegence officers for the bombing, but Lybia refused to surrender the supects.

7: Longest undersea tunnel opens. A railroad tunnel opened between Aomori on the Honshu Island and Hakidate in Hokkaido, Japan. The tunnel, called "Seikan," was 33.44 miles long and was as deep as 787 feet below water at one point.

8: The Summer Olympics are held in Seoul, South Korea. For the first time since Munich, in 1972, there was no boycott of the summer olympics. Christina Ludwig- Rothenburger, who was also a speed skater, earned a silver medal in cycling to become the only person in history to win Winter and Summer medals in the same year. | Cuba and Ethiopia stayed away in support of North Korea (the IOC turned down the North Koreans' demand to co-host the Games, so they refused to participate), but that was about it. More countries (159) sent more athletes (9,465) to South Korea than to any other previous olympics

9: Republicans nominate George Bush for president and Indiana senator Dan Quayle for vice president. Republicans sweep 40 states in election. Bush beats Dukakis for the new president.

10: The hubble Space Telescope goes into operation to explore deep space, and is still in full use today mapping our universe.

11: References http://www.multied.com/dates/1988.html http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0005270.html http://www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/worldhis/wor1988.htm http://www.history.com/wt.do?century=1800&decade=1880&year=1888References

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