BC: Jasmine Vasquez Ms. Burns 4th Period Black History Month Project
FC: Black History Month Project Jasmine Vasquez
1: Austin Dabney was a freed slave who became a private in Georgia's army and fought during the Revolutionary War. He was the only African-American to be granted land (50 acres) for his service in the military. The legislature provided 70 pounds to emancipate Dabney from his owner, Richard Aycock. | Austin Dabney
2: Henry McNeal Turner | Henry McNeal Turner helped to organize the African Methodist Episcopal Church. He also helped organize Georgia's Republican Party. Turner served Ga's constitutional convention and was elected to the Georgia House of Reps., and represented Macon. He was a very successful bishop and pastor of the AME.
3: W.E.B Dubois founded and served as the general secretary of the Niagara Movement and he helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Produced many studies that explored the social, economic, and political conditions of African Americans in Georgia and in the U.S. He wrote his books The Souls of Black Folk, Dusk of Dawn, and Black Reconstruction in Georgia. | W.E.B Dubois
4: Booker T. Washington | Booker T. Washington gave his famous speech, The Atlanta Compromise at the International Cotton Exposition in Atlanta. In his speech, it said that African-Americans should be kept segregated from whites. He asked whites to trust blacks & provide them with opportunities so that both races could advance in industry and agriculture.
5: Great Grandparents
6: Alonzo Herndon
7: With the savings that he earned at his barber shop, Herndon bought a broke insurance company and turned it into the richest insurance company owned by an African-American. Herndon also invested in real estate in Georgia and in Florida. He gave generous support and resources to the YMCA; Atlanta University; the Leonard Street, Carrie Steele, and Diana Pace orphanages; the Herndon Day Nursery; and the First Congregational Church.
8: John and Lugenia Burns Hope | Under Lugenia Hope's leadership in the Neighborhood Union, they carried out health education campaigns, demanded better conditions at schools, and sponsored arts and recreational activities for youth. John Hope became the first black president of Morehouse College. They both helped improve the lives and education of African Americans in Georgia by helping out in the communities and supporting many benefits for African Americans.
10: The Brown vs. Board of Education was 5 cases: Brown v. Board of Education, Briggs v. Elliott (filed in South Carolina), Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County (filed in Virginia), Gebhart v. Belton (filed in Delaware), and Bolling v. Sharpe (filed in Washington D.C.) that were filed as Brown vs. BoE because of Brown being first in the alphabet. The NAACP asked a group of African-American parents and Oliver Brown to attempt to enroll their children in all-white schools. Oliver attempted to do it with Linda (she was in 3rd grade) and barred from enrollment at Sumner Elementary. It was a strategy for the civil rights group to file a lawsuit on behalf of the 13 families, who represented different states.
11: Great Grand Father | Linda Brown (Brown vs. Board of Education)
12: Benjamin Mays was dean of the School of Religion at Howard University. He traveled to India and talked to Gandhi and exchanged ideas that would come to use during the civil rights movement. He expanded and streamlined the structure of the Morehouse College institute and enhanced its academic reputation.
13: Maynard Jackson was the 1st African American to serve as mayor of a major southern city aka Atlanta. He built the new terminal at Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport. The airport's name was changed to Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Jackson's honor in 2003. He also transformed the police department because he wanted to reduce charges of police mistreatment.
14: Martin Luther King Jr. | King was asked to head the Montgomery Improvement Association that was formed to run the bus boycott. (where Parks was arrested because she refused to get up from her seat.) Whites in Montgomery tried to stymie it. King and other MIA members were arrested and segregationists bombed King's home. His famous "I Have a Dream Speech was told at the Lincoln Memorial and it motivates to end segregation and racism; equality for all races. He fought very hard for civil rights, but he never used violence.
16: Hamilton Holmes was one of the first two African American students admitted to the University of Georgia and he was also the first black student admitted to the Emory University School of Medicine. He is best known for desegregating Georgia's universities. His experience at UGA was not good and many white students would be racist to him and the other girl that got admitted to UGA ( Charlayne Hunter) | Hamilton Holmes
19: Charlayne Hunter was one of the first 2 African American students admitted to the University of Georgia. She (along with Holmes) established an academic scholarship for African American students in 1992. She is a journalist who has received many awards including two National News and Documentary Emmy Awards and also 2 Peabody Awards.. | Charlayne Hunter
20: A. Philip Randolph
21: A. Philip Randolph organized & led the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which was the 1st predominantly black labor union. He organized a Prayer Pilgrimage (A non-violent demonstration in D.C) with Martin Luther King Jr when schools in the south didn't want to integrate in 1957. He also led the March on Washington Movement and it convinced Franklin D. Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 8802 (it banned discrimination in defense industries during World War 2.)
22: In 1972, Andrew Young won Georgia's 5th District seat in the U.S. House of Representative and became the first African American since the Reconstruction Era to be elected to Congress from Ga. He has published 2 books, A Way Out of No Way and An Easy Burden: The Civil Rights Movement and the Transformation of America. Young also served as co-chair of the Atlanta Committee for the 1996 Olympic Games.
24: Ralph Abernathy was pastor of the West Hunter Street Baptist Church in Atlanta and was the vice president of the SCLC. Abernathy and MLK Jr were supposed to lead a boycott in Albany for the bus' segregation system, but it failed (aka the Albany Movement.) Abernathy became the president of the SCLC after King was assassinated, but the organization failed a bit under his leadership.In 1968 he organized the Poor People's Campaign March on Washington, D.C.
25: Ralph Abernathy (15th Person, Extra)