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Adrienne's Kentucky A to Z book

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BC: About The Author Adrienne German Adrienne resides in Middletown, PA. She has one sister, Kirsten. She aspires to become a teacher.

1: Did you know the melody of the song “Happy Birthday to You” was created by two Louisville sisters in 1893? | 1

2: A | Abraham Lincoln was our 16th president. He was born February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky. He lived from 1809 to 1865. He was famous for ending slavery. | 2

3: B | Black Mountain is the highest point in Kentucky. The peak elevation is 4,131 feet high. The type of peak is a summit. | 3

4: The Northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) became Kentucky’s official state bird in 1926. It breeds two to three times a season. In breeding season, the males go get the food while the females get the nest ready to lay eggs. | C | 4

5: Milk became the official state drink in 1985. Milk is one of the beverages that has many vitamins that are healthy for you. In Kentucky, milk is a major contributor to the economy. | D | 5

6: Kentucky is one of the few states that has two time zones in one state. The Eastern half is the Eastern time zone and the Western half is the Central time zone. Kentucky also uses Daylight Savings Time. | E | 6

7: The state flag has a blue field. It has the state seal on it. It was adopted in 1918 and updated in 1928 and 1962. The state flower (Goldenrod) is shown half way around the state seal. | F | 7

8: Goldenrod (Soldiago gigantea) was made the state flower in 1926. The Goldenrod lines Kentucky’s roadsides in the fall. This flower is a wildflower. | G | 8

9: The thoroughbred (Equus caballus) became the official state horse in 1996. This horse is featured on the state quarter. Secretariat is the most famous thoroughbred that was in the Kentucky Derby. | H | 9

10: The Appalachian Dulcimer became the state musical instrument in 2001. The name comes from the eastern region of Kentucky known as Appalachia. Bluegrass music is acoustic in sound, not using any electronic instruments. | I | 10

11: Diane Crump was the first woman to ride in the Kentucky Derby in 1970. Julie Krone was the first woman to win the Breeder’s cup in 2003. Rosie Napravnik was the sixth woman to ride in the Kentucky Derby in 2011. | J | 11

12: The first Saturday in May, the Kentucky Derby is held at Churchill Downs, Louisville, Kentucky. Churchill Downs was founded in 1874, and the first race was in 1875. The race is known as “The Greatest Two Minutes in Sports.” | K | 12

13: Sixty percent of Major League Baseball players use a Louisville Slugger bat. History has it that Bud Hillerich, the son of a woodworker, went to see a local baseball game where a player broke his bat. Bud offered to make him a new one in his Dad’s shop. In 1894, Bud took over for his Dad and registered the name Louisville Slugger with the U.S. Patent Office. | L | 13

14: Coal became the official mineral of Kentucky in 1998. Coal is a fossil fuel and the color is black. Coal has a shimmer-effect when it is reflecting off of light. | M | 14

15: The nickname for Kentucky is the Bluegrass state. Bluegrass is found in many lawns and pastures through-out Kentucky. Bluegrass is actually green, but in the spring it has bluish-purple buds. | N | 15

16: The name Kentucky is of Native America origin. One possible meaning is from the Iroquois word Ken-tah-ten. This means the land of tomorrow. | O | 16

17: The Pearl became the state gemstone in 1986. Children in Western Kentucky petitioned their state representative to have the pearl become the state gemstone. The pearls are found through-out the Tennessee and Mississippi rivers. | P | 17

18: The state quarter was made in 2001. On the quarter is the state horse, which is behind a fence. There is a barn in the background. The Kentucky state song “My Old Kentucky Home” is featured above the horse’s head. Under the word Kentucky, it has 1792, when the state became official. It was the 15th state. | Q | 18

19: Agate became the state rock in 2000. Some may think this is confusing as agate is part of the quartz mineral family. Agate is a colorful rock in which you can see the bands of each color in the rock. | R | 19

20: The state seal was adopted in 1942. The state motto is featured on the seal, along with the state flower. The state motto is “United We Stand, Divided We Fall.” A pioneer and a statesman are the people shaking hands. They represent the people of the state. The state seal to the right is an older version. | S | 20

21: The Tulip Poplar (Lirodendroan tulipifera) became the state tree in 1994. The Tulip Poplar tree is one of the largest native American hardwood trees. The trees bloom flowers in May and June. The leaves start out folded and yellow and as they age, they turn green. Then, the leaves turn yellow in the fall. | T | 21

22: In 1865, the University of Kentucky was established as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Kentucky. College basketball and football are popular in Kentucky. The University of Kentucky Wildcats and the University of Louisville Cardinals have many fans. | U | 22

23: The Viceroy butterfly (Limenitis archippus) became the official state butterfly in 1990. The butterfly has an orange-yellow middle with a black rim around the wings. There are little black lines through-out the butterflies' wings. | V | 23

24: The gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) is the state wild animal. It became official in 1968. It looks like a normal squirrel, but the state made it their wildgame animal. | W | 24

25: There were many explorers of Kentucky. Two of the more popular explorers are Daniel Boone and Christopher “Kit” Carson. In 1775, Daniel Boone brought his family and other settlers to Kentucky. He cleared the Wilderness road and in 1775 founded Fort Boonesborough. Kit Carson was born in Madison County, Kentucky. He was a fur trapper, scout, soldier and trailblazer. | X | 25

26: Harland Sanders, better known as Colonel Sanders, created the Kentucky Fried Chicken recipe. In 1955, he opened his first restaurant. His picture is featured on every bucket of Kentucky Fried Chicken. | Y | 26

27: The state zoo is in Louisville, Kentucky. In January 2010, a baby giraffe was born at the zoo. His name is Crosby. In 2011, the zoo opened the polar and grizzly bear habitat. | Z | 27

28: 28 | Address: www.statesymbolusa.org Title of web page: Kentucky symbols Date Viewed: May 7, 11,14,2011 Address: www.kentuckytourism.com Title of web page: Famous Kentuckians Date Viewed: May 11, 2011 Address: www.mountainzone.com Title of web page: Black Mountain Summit – Kentucky Mountain Peak Information Date Viewed: May 14, 2011 Address: www.e-referencedesk.com Title of web page: Kentucky State Drink Date Viewed: May 14, 2011 Address: www.timetemperature.com Title of web page: Kentucky time zone Date Viewed: May 14, 2011 Address: www.50states.com Title of web page: State facts Date Viewed: May 14, 2011 | BIBLIOGRAPHY

29: 29 | Address: www.50states.com Title of web page: State facts Date Viewed: May 14, 2011 Address: www.kentuckyderby.info Title of web page: Women Jockeys in the Kentucky Derby Date Viewed: May 14, 2011 Address: www.usatoday.com Title of web page: Women Make history at 137th Derby Date Viewed: May 14, 2011 Address: www.slugger.com Title of web page: Louisville Slugger History Date Viewed: May 14, 2011 Address: www.uky.edu Title of web page: Kentucky’s State Facts Date Viewed: May 14, 2011 Address: www.louisvillezoo.org Title of web page: The Zoo Date Viewed: May 16, 2011 Book Title: United States Kentucky Author: Rich Smith Publisher: ABO Publishing Company Year Published: 2010 Where It Was Published: Edina, Minnesota

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