FC: Volcanoes and Earthquakes and SUPERVOLCANOES
1: This book contains both personal photos and photos taken from Internet sources. | This book uniquely designed by Bryce Rayburn
2: Shield Volcano: Quiet, soft lava eruptions. Examples of shield volcanoes include the Hawaiian Islands and Iceland. Both convergent and divergent boundaries are used in an eruption. | Mauna Kea | on the Island of Hawaii
3: Shield volcanoes get their name from the resemblance to a warriors shield.
4: Cinder Cone: Small fragments are ejected during eruption. Examples are the Ring of Fire. Maximum height of 250 meters.
6: The collapsed cinder cone of Molokini is actually one of the Hawaiian Islands. In April 2011, my family and I dove inside the crater. It's a great place to see all kinds of fish.
7: Composite Volcano: High volcanic mountains that are very powerful and explode often. Examples are Mount St. Helen and Mount Ranier. Both convergent and hot spots can be contributed to the violent eruptions of composite cones.
9: Glacier Peak outside Seattle, Washington
10: Mafic Magma: Dark in color; iron; magnesium; oceanic; hot and thin.
11: Felsic Magma: Light in color; silicon; continental; cool; thick and trapped gases.
12: Divergent Boundaries: Subduction zone. Volcanic mountains and earthquakes and ocean ridges. | Convergent Boundaries: Mid-ocean ridges
13: Hot Spots: Hot spots do not move. The tectonic plates move over the hot spots to form islands.
14: Mount Mayon island of Luzon in the Philippines
15: Super Volcano: The most powerful volcano ever seen. It can do mass damage and will wipe out anything in its path.
17: Earthquakes: Earthquakes are measured on two scales. The Reichter scale, which is from 1 to 10 and the Mercalili Scale which is from I to XII. There are two types of waves that it used. One is surface waves and one is body waves. The epicenter is the middle of the earthquake above the focus. Some of the aftermath following earthquakes include: aftershocks; tremors; and tsunamis. Earthquakes usually happen along fault lines and their are many fault zones within the United States. Earthquakes often trigger volcanic eruptions. :
18: My Adventures with volcanoes in Hawaii