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BC: About The Authors | Casey Young Casey is 12 years old and in 7th grade at Eyer Middle School. In her spare time she enjoys swimming, field hockey, and playing the violin. | Kathy Garcia Kathy is 12 years old and in 7th grade at Eyer Middle School. She enjoys being with her friends, riding her bike, and running.

FC: Castles Castles Castles! | By Kathy Garcia and Casey Young

1: Castles Castles Castles! | Eyer Middle School 2011 | By: Kathy Garcia and Casey Young

2: DEDICATED TO OUR FAVORITE TEACHERS(: Miss. Torpey =+and Mrs.Brosky

3: The First Types of Castles | 1. The very first motte and bailey castle was built in 990 B.C. in France 2. These castles were first built in wood then in stone. 3.The lord and his family lived in the tower on the highest hilltop, called the motte. 4. On a lower hill called the bailey lived the servants (blacksmiths, cooks, store keepers), soldiers, livestock, buildings with weapons, equipment, and food. 5. The castle had a view of a town usually. 6. On the tower there was a lookout in case of invasion 7. The castle was made out of wood. 8. The castles were found in the 9th and 10th centuries | This is a motte and bailey. The high mound has the tower and the lower mound is where the peasants, and vassals lived.

4: Why Were Castles Built? | Castles were built for the lords to live there, but knights lived there also, though over time they lived on their own estates. The castle was also for defending the knights and defending them from attacks. Also, the castle served as a prison in the underground dungeons, but they were mostly law and political prisoners, not war prisoners.

5: Tricks of Defense! | In order to defend the castle there were the following defenses: 1.)Wet or dry moats 2.)Stakes were put in the dry moats for obstacles 3.)Gates with guards 4.)Lifting bridge 5.)Observation in a tower up high for shooting through 6.)Soldiers 7) Natural barriers such as waterways, many hills or rocky grounds | above: this castle is surrounded by a water moat below: a drawbridge to keep out enemies

6: Different rooms in Castles! | The Great Hall- The great hall was the biggest room in the castle and was used for eating, sleeping, Medieval feasts, wedding celebrations, visiting nobles would come to, and holiday festivities would all be celebrated in the castle's great hall. Tapestries and silks would line the walls and while the castles could be rather dark, huge windows would be found here. Kitchen- the heat for cooking was provided by fires. Animals would be kept live in the kitchen until ready for eating. they would be cooked on a spit with two people turning the stick | What is a spit??? A spit is NOT the act of spitting on something! In this way, it is a cooking tool were meat is cooked on. The meat would be basically on a stick and two people would turn it over a fire. Think of it as a middle age oven!

7: Who lived inside the Castles? | 1. The Lord and his family 2. Vassals lived there also with their family though over time they lived on their own 3. Serfs. The serfs were the servants/peasants that worked in the castle, and unlike peasants who worked outside of the castle, serfs were considered part of the manor.

8: The Women of the Castle. | The wife of the lord was expected to run the manor and be in charge of everyone when the Lord was away, usually at war. Women always overlooked the serfs and would entertain guests. In their spare time they enjoyed to hunt, dance, and play chess and other board games. Women loved to boast about how much money they had, so they wore lots of costly jewelry.

9: Diary Entry: April 1265 | Today I was on a journey to a castle that was built from stone. First, as I was on the ground floor, I looked around and there I was, standing in the main room, or the great hall. The floor felt strange on my bare feet, for the floor was made of beaten earth. I did though wish to see the owners of the castle, therefore, I went outside and climbed the steps, going into the second level of the great hall. There, I saw the Lord. I kindly asked him to show me his favorite thing in the castle, and with a smile, he showed me.

10: The thing the Lord loved most about the castle, was something simple and funny. He asked me if I was thirsty, and the truth was, my tongue felt like sandpaper. I agreed, so we went out to the fields. We overlooked a stream, and saw a child, whom was a peasant, running with a bucket of water. And what do you know, you have running water!

11: Bibliography | "Motte & Bailey Castles :: Stronghold Knights :: Ready to Serve You!" Welcome to Stronghold Knights! Web. 20 Apr. 2011. . | Clements, Gillian. The Truth about Castles. Minneapolis: Carolrhoda, 1990. Print. | "Fantasy Cartoon Castle Drawing." Learn How To Draw Step by Step - Free Drawing Lessons. Web. 20 Apr. 2011. . | "The Great Hall." Castles of the Middle Ages. Web. 21 Apr. 2011. . "The Great Hall." Castles of the Middle Ages. Web. 21 Apr. 2011. .

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