FC: The Cotton Gin
1: By Bailey Rohde and Micayla Lessard Cotton Gin-short for engine: Machine that uses saw-like teeth to comb the seeds out of cotton.
2: Through Their Eyes How did people in the 18oo's view their world? -To them, America was a powerful country meant for grow and expansion. They highly valued hard work. How did their world view affect their choices and actions? -Because it was a place designed for expansion, they chose to move west and build up the country. They were willing to put in the work to better America.
3: Through Their Eyes What values, skills, and forms of knowledge did people need to succeed in the 1800's? -They needed to be able to work with their hands and use tools. How did all groups of people in the U.S. view the invention of the Cotton Gin? -To both the plantation owners and the slaves it was a way to get the same amount of work done in a shorter amount of time and with less work.
4: Who invented the Cotton Gin and why? -Eli Whitney created it because he was asked to build a machine that made separating seeds from cotton pod easier. | Cause and Effect What caused the Cotton Gin to be invented? -Catherine Greene, a Georgia plantation owner, asked Eli Whitney to make a machine to remove the seeds from the cotton pods.
5: Cause and Effect Who did not support the Cotton Gin to be invented? -Tobacco and indigo growers didn't support it because it turned cotton into a cash crop and took money away from them. What were the effects of the Cotton Gin? -It turned cotton into a cash crop and caused a bomb in slavery because plantation were expanding and more slaves were needed to pick the cotton.
6: Turning Points How did the use of the Cotton Gin significantly transform people's lives, communities, and the world? -Lives: Many more African Americans were sold and traded into slavery to maintain the large plantations. -Communities: It brought in a lot of money and allowed entire communities to live more luxuriously. -World: It turned the U.S. into one of the world's largest cotton producers.
7: Turning Points How did the use of the Cotton Gin affect future choices in the U.S.? -Because the Cotton Gin created a greater dependency on slaves in the South it affected the South's decision to succeed from the Union, because they needed the slaves to up hold the plantations.
8: Change and Continuity What has changed with the Cotton Gin since it was invented? -New versions of the Cotton Gin have a second row of saw-like teeth to prevent the lose of long cotton fibers. What has remained the same with the Cotton Gin since it was invented? -The basic design of the original Cotton Gin is still used in today's versions.
9: Change and Continuity Who has benefited from the Cotton Gin since it was invented? -Plantation owners benefited because they could expand their property and grow more cotton. Who has not benefited from the Cotton Gin since it was invented? -The Tobacco and Indigo companies didn't benefit because they suffered financial blows when cotton became the new cash crop.
10: Using the Past How is the Cotton Gin similar to something today? -The modern day Cotton Gins use the same concept as the original therefore they are similar. How is the Cotton Gin different than something today? -Modern Cotton Gins are powered by electricity, not cranked by hand, and they are stationary, not carried in the field by the cotton picker.
11: Using the Past How does the invention of the Cotton Gin tell us about the history of the 1800's? -It tells us that agriculture was more profitable then industry and at the time people were more interested in getting money through crops than through manufacturing.