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FC: Social Studies: Virginia History Facts By: Jasmine P.

2: I learned about the lifestyles and technological advancements of three main groups of past Native Americans. What had happened first was that even older artifacts than we had known of before were uncovered by archeologists. The Paleo indians were the first confirmed tribe. They used spears, and only ate local food. The Archaic Indians, who lived about 1,000 years later, had created a new technology called the atlatl (spear thrower). They also began to trade with other peoples, and they stored food for winter. The Archaic Indians learned how to grow crops. After the Archaic Indians came the Eastern Woodland Indians, Who lived about 2,000 years later. The Eastern Woodland Indians did even more farming, trading, and they also created the bow and arrow. It was very interesting to learn more about the lifestyles and technological advancements of Native Americans.

3: I learned about the three language groups of Virginia. They are Algonquian, Siouan, and Iroquoian. The Algonquian lived mostly in the Tidewater region, and the Siouan lived mostly in the Piedmont. The Iroquois lived mostly in the Appalachian Plateau, and the southern area of the Tidewater region. The Powhatan consisted of 32 0f the 40 tribes in the Algonquian language group. The Monacan tribe of the Siouan language group built mounds for homes, sometimes in the shape of animals. Most of the Iroquois built longhouses. It was interesting to learn more about the indigenous peoples of Virginia.

4: When the English settled in America, specifically Virginia, there were many major effects on the Native Americans. There were about 50,000 Natives in Virginia alone, and the main cause of their deaths was diseases carried from the Europeans. One of the first occurrences that is important to our history was the Racial Integrity Act. What was said in the Racial Integrity Act was that people of color couldn't marry whites, children had to go out of state for schooling, and all nonwhites' birth certificates were changed to "colored" as opposed to Indian, Asian, or African American. Because of the Racial Integrity Act, Chiefs tried to preserve their culture by teaching the children about their families' histories. Most of the Indians' land was claimed by the English settlers after having armed conflicts. When the Natives became angered, large massacres occurred. Although most of the effects of the Europeans' settlement were negative, the Virginia Natives managed to successfully preserve their culture.

5: Governor Bob McDonnell proclaimed November as Virginia's American Indian Heritage month. He feels that we should recognize that the Native Americans are a part of our society, not just our history. Six out of eleven state recognized tribes are still seeking federal recognition. The purpose of a recent Virginia Senate meeting was gather information for updating the SOL archives so that more information about the Natives is accessible. American Indian Month is a milestone for Virginia Natives' better recognition.

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