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Civil War Sites

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Civil War Sites - Page Text Content

FC: Civil War | Sites | By: Cameron May

1: Table of Contents | Allatoona Pass- 5-6 Andersonville- 7-10 Clisby Austin House- 11-12 Chickamauga Battlefield- 13-16 Dalton Depot-17-18 Kennesaw Mountain Battlefield Park-19-20 Prater's Mill-21-22 Resaca Confederate Cemetery-23-24 Tunnel Hill-25-26 W&A Railroad Tunnel-27-28 | 2

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4: Pass | Allatoona | 5

5: The Battle of Allatoona was fought on October 5,1864. This battle was part of the Franklin-Nashville Campaign. Although the battle was small, it was still rather bloody and had high casualty percentages. The Union had a total of 706 casualties during this battle. The CSA had a total of 897 casualties. The Union won this battle. This site had a railroad going through Allatoona pass and the Union was protecting this railroad from the Confederates. This railroad was important for the Union because it was a way of getting past enemies without getting killed. | 6

6: Andersonville | 7

7: Andersonville was the one of the biggest prisoner of war camps in the south. Of its 45,000 union troops there, about 13,000 of these men died. The main causes of death were Scurvy, Diarrhea, and Dysentery. Excrement was supposedly on the ground everywhere you stepped. | 8

8: (Top Left) This picture shows you how tall the stockades were. (Top Right) This statue was dedicated to all of the P.O.W. from the state of Illinois. (Bottom Left) This statue was dedicated to all of the P.O.W. from the state of Iowa. (Bottom Right) This little encampment area was a replica to what it would have looked like. On the right, you can see little posts and planks put into a small fence. This was called the "dead line". If you were to cross this line you would be shot on sight. Some prisoners, however, would dig under the dead line and try to dig underneath the blockade so they could escape. They were shot as soon as they got up from the ground.

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10: House | Clisby Austin | 11

11: The Clisby Austin house is famous for Sherman's visit. He stayed in this house and made it his headquarters. He also planned the Atlanta campaign here. | 12

13: The Battle of Chickamauga was fought September 19-20, 1863. The total amount of Union casualties came to a total of 16,170 out of 60,000. The amount of Confederate casualties came to a total of 18,454 out of 65,000. The Confederates won this battle. The leader of the Union during this battle was William Rosecrans. The leader for the C.S.A. during this battle was Braxton Bragg. This battle was important for the Confederates because it forced the Yankees to retreat to Chattanooga. However, Braxton did not follow through, which was a huge mistake. | 14

14: (Above) This was a replica of the battles (also used for cover art). (Left) This was a statue honoring the people from Florida that died at The Battle of Chickamauga.

17: The Dalton Depot was literally and figuratively the center of the carpet capital of the world. It was important because this is where they would export carpet. This depot was also an important part to The Great Locomotive Chase and during the Battle of Chickamauga this is where several troops disembarked. | 18


19: The Battle of Kennesaw was the most significant frontal assault launched by Union Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman. This battle was during the Atlanta Campaign. This battle was important to Sherman because it was in his way to Atlanta. However, it turned out good for the confederates because they won against Sherman. It ended up being Sherman's last frontal assault and the rest of his campaign he flanked instead. | 20

21: Prater's mill was first established in 1855 by Benjamin Franklin Prater. It started as just a grain mill.However, as it's popularity grew it had a cotton gin, a saw mill, a wool carder, a syrup mill, a general store, and a blacksmiths shop added to the mill. It actually housed both sides of the war at different times and was never destroyed because it was considered a valuable resource of food to both sides. | 22

23: The Resaca Confederate cemetery holds over 450 confederate soldiers. This cemetery was dedicated just for soldiers that died during the Battle of Resaca. When i was there I saw a guest book and people as far away as Canada were paying their respects there. | 24

25: Tunnel hill was the start of Sherman's Atlanta Campaign. It was also the first town he captured. The town was originally called Doe Run. Then, it was called Tunnelsville, because the tunnel was built. Finally, it was called Tunnel Hill. It also became the HQ for William T. Sherman. | 26

27: This tunnel was completed on May 7,1850. It was also part of the Great Locomotive Chase. The second tunnel was built in 1926 - 1928 and is still a major route from Atlanta to Chattanooga. | 28

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  • By: Cameron M.
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  • Title: Civil War Sites
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  • Published: almost 6 years ago