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Constitutional Amendment Scrapbook

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Constitutional Amendment Scrapbook - Page Text Content

FC: Constitutional Amendments Scrapbook by Greyson Acquaviva Capitol Hill Day School

1: Constitutional Amendments Scrapbook Greyson Acquaviva Capitol Hill Day School Grade 8 Fall 2013

2: Amendment 1 Ratified December 15, 1791 Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Source: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights_transcript.html Supreme Court Case: Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District (1969) Link to hear the Supreme Court Oral Argument: http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1968/1968_21/argument | John and Mary Beth Tinker with black armbands they fought to wear to school to protest against the Vietnam War. Source: http://sblog.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/marybethjohntinker.jpg

3: Amendment 1II Ratified December 15, 1791 No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. Source: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights_transcript.html Supreme Court Case: None - only a U.S. Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit) case, Englblom v. Carey (1983) | Source: http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=0q7iQwrhYWUC&dat=19790916&printsec=frontpage&hl=en

4: Amendment 1V Ratified December 15, 1791 The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. Source: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights_transcript.html Supreme Court Case: United States v. Jones (2012) Link to Supreme Court Oral Argument: http://www.oyez.org/cases/2010-2019/2011/2011_10_1259/argument | This case was about whether putting a tracking device on Antoine Jones' car without a warrant violated his Fourth Amendment rights. Photo Source: http://obrag.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/GPS-track-device.jpg

5: Amendment VIII Ratified December 15, 1791 Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. Source: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights_transcript.html Supreme Court Case: Miller v. Alabama (2012) Link to Supreme Court Oral Argument: http://www.oyez.org/cases/2010-2019/2011/2011_10_9646/argument | This case asked the question "Does the imposition of a life-without-parole sentence on a fourteen-year-old child violate the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments’ prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment?" Source: http://www.oyez.org/cases/2010-2019/2011/2011_10_9646 Photo Source: http://msnbcmedia.msn.com/j/MSNBC/Components/Photo/_new/120314-evan-miller-court.380;380;7;70;0.jpg

6: Amendment XIII Passed by Congress January 31, 1865. Ratified December 6, 1865. Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Source: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendments_11-27.html Supreme Court Case: Jones v. Mayer (1968) | In this case, a real estate company refused to sell a house to an African-American man because it was in a white neighborhood. The Supreme Court said this violated the man's 13th Amendment rights because the 13th Amendment considered racial barriers to owning property as "badges and incidents of slavery." Source: http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1967/1967_645 Photo Source: http://nocostl.com/2012/04/another-north-county-first-jones-vs-mayer/

7: Amendment XV Passed by Congress February 26, 1869. Ratified February 3, 1870. Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude-- Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Source: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendments_11-27.html Supreme Court Case: Gomillion v. Lightfoot (1960) | This case was about whether it violated the 15th Amendment to redraw a voting district so that all the African-Americans in Tuskeegee were now outside the all-white district. The question in the case was "Did the redrawing of Tuskegee's electoral district boundaries violate the Fifteenth Amendment of the Constitution which prevents the United States or any individual state from denying a citizen the right to vote on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude?" Source: http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1960/1960_32 Photo Source: http://www.cali.org/wiseman/editedUS/364/tuskegee.png

8: Amendment XVI Passed by Congress July 2, 1909. Ratified February 3, 1913. The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration. Source: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendments_11-27.html Supreme Court Case: Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Co. (1895) | This case asked "Was the income tax a direct tax in violation of the Constitution (Article I, Section 9)?" The decision led to the creation of the 16th Amendment. Source: http://www.oyez.org/cases/1851-1900/1894/1894_893 The photo is of the Supreme Court justices who heard this case. Photo source: http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/images/supremes96.jpg

9: Amendment XVIII Passed by Congress December 18, 1917. Ratified January 16, 1919. Repealed by amendment 21. Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. Section 2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Section 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress. Source: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendments_11-27.html Supreme Court Case: Hawke v. Smith (1920) | The State of Ohio tried to ratify the 18th Amendment in 1919. The Supreme Court said that was unconstitutional. Source: http://www.oyez.org/cases/1901-1939/1919/1919_582 Photo Source: https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS8BCymFZM8CQDYo6S5YiVZL1TrnbpSGkdGkptx93HgpRtLZ0w1CnlVgfV1

10: Amendment XIX Passed by Congress June 4, 1919. Ratified August 18, 1920. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Source: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendments_11-27.html Supreme Court Case: Leser v. Garnett (1922) | In this case, the Supreme Court said that the 19th Amendment had become part of the Constitution. Source: http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=258&invol=130 Photo Source: http://www.findingdulcinea.com/docroot/dulcinea/fd_images/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--19th-Amendment-Gives-Women-Right-to-Vote/news/0/image.jpg

11: Amendment XXVI Passed by Congress March 23, 1971. Ratified July 1, 1971. Note: Amendment 14, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by section 1 of the 26th amendment. Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age. Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Source: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendments_11-27.html Supreme Court Case: Oregon v. Mitchell (1970) | This case was about whether States could decide for themselves who could vote in State elections. Source: http://www.phschool.com/curriculum_support/interactive_constitution/scc/scc28.htm Photo Source: http://assets.democrats.org/images/blogimages/26th/Student_march_full.jpg

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Greyson Acquaviva
  • By: Greyson A.
  • Joined: about 6 years ago
  • Published Mixbooks: 1
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About This Mixbook

  • Title: Constitutional Amendment Scrapbook
  • Created by G. Acquaviva for Capitol Hill Day School's 8th Grade History Project
  • Tags: None
  • Published: about 6 years ago