S: LINDA'S, CARRIE'S, AND ASHLEY'S 2012 EUROPEAN GETAWAY
1: Our European Adventure This book is presented to Hank & Linda Gilliam on the occasion of their 46th Wedding Anniversary, September 3, 2012. As husband and wife, as parents and as grandparents you have always given so much of yourselves to the ones you love. You've always shared your world with your children and grandchildren. Then in 2012, you literally gave us the world. We will always treasure these shared memories within this book. We love you both very much.
2: ....on September 3, 2011, Hank & Linda Gilliam celebrated their 45th Anniversary at a party hosted by their children and grandchildren. On this special day Hank announced that he thought his wife, daughter and granddaughter should take their dreamed of trip to Europe in just 6 months...not far in the future as they had planned!! Hank and Linda generously gifted the airfare and lodging to Carrie and Ashley. We were so excited we could hardly wait until February!
3: London, England | York, England | Paris, France | Edinburgh, Scotland | Dublin, Ireland
4: Ashley loved London!! She couldn't wait to buy a "cool" London sweatshirt and she was very excited to ride the London Eye. She had a lot of fun on the Eye but she did wish it revolved faster!
5: Mom and I found that Westminster Abbey and Parliament still took our breath away.
8: It was hard for Ashley to not pet the horses!!
9: We had so much fun seeing all the sights of London. We saw the Jewel Tower, one of only two remnants from the old Westminster Palace. We walked for miles and then enjoyed tea at the Ritz!
10: Pomp and Pageantry
11: It was amazing to be in London during the year of Queen Elizabeth's Diamond Jubilee. We were so amazed to see her two times. She really is lovely for her age.
12: The Tower of London has witnessed so much history in it's 1,000years that it has an enormous presence about it. We were so lucky to see the 700 year old Ceremony of Keys one night. This world's oldest continual ceremony left a deep impression that we'll never forgot.
14: The block and axe last used in 1747. | Water supply for the White Tower | Two suits of armor....one for the 350 pound Henry the VIII and one for a little son of Charles the 1st. Both are two extreme opposites but both are equally intricate and beautiful.
15: The Line of Kings | The garderobe.
17: Rosetta Stone | Sarcophagus of Ankhnesneferibre | THE BRITISH MUSEUM | Sarcophagus of Merymose
18: THE ROYAL MEWS
22: WINDSOR CASTLE
23: This 1,000 year old castle is the oldest, continuosly lived in castle in the world.
25: THE SOARING GOTHIC STYLE IS AWESOME! | bath abbey
26: clifford's tower is the keep of the york castle. In March 1190, the Jewish community of York gathered in the Tower for protection from an anti-semitic, violent mob. When they ran out of hope, most of the Jews committed suicide. The survivors were burned or massacred. Today, it is a very sad and quiet place,
27: We walked along The ancient Roman Wall of York, england. It was built 300a.d. and much of it still encircles York.
28: Yorkminster Cathedral Constantine the Great was proclaimed Emperor here in 306 A.D.
29: Yorkminster has the largest stained glass window in Europe. It's one of the most magnificent churches I've seen.
30: The Conciergerie, the 14th Capetian palace extension, where Marie Antoinette was imprisoned, along with thousands of others during the French Revolution. | The Seine........liquid history | Avenue de Champs - Elysees
31: The Musee D' Orsay: home of the great Impressionists | Palais de Justice
35: St. Chapelle is sublimely beautiful. It virtually glows with the colors of jewels and gold. It is the only surviving building of the Capetian royal family. It was built in 1239 to house the Crown of Thorns. We were very lucky to see the Crown of Thorns in Notre Dame with a very long line of the faithful. Very, very moving.
37: ARC DE TRIOMPHE | ARC DE TRIOMPHE
38: What a windy, blustery day!!
42: The front courtyard and the side view of VERSAILLES.... the largest palace in Europe.
43: Below is the view of the gardens as seen from the Queen's apartments. Even in the winter it is gorgeous!
44: Venus de Milo | DaVinci's Portrait of a Lady from the Court ofMilan | Diana the Huntress
45: Mona Lisa (La Jaconde) | Winged Victory of Samothrace | LOUVRE
46: DUMFERMLINE ABBEY, SCOTLAND | Burial place of 22 Scottish kings and queens, including robert the bruce.
48: Edinburgh, Scotland...............the "Prince of Cities" We fell in love with Edinburgh. It is so ancient and dignified. The Royal Mile was so much fun we didn't mind the climb!!
50: HIGHLAND LASSES
51: Scotland really seemed to call to us. It is wild and windswept and the air is so pure. Perhaps it is familiar to us because of our connection to the high sierras.
54: The One O'clock gun
55: Edinburgh Castle | The siege gun, mon's meg
56: ENTRY TO EDINBURGH CASTLE GUARDED BY WALLACE.
57: tHE CASTLE IS AT ONE END OF THE ROYAL MILE AND AT THE OTHER IS HOLLYROOD PALACE, WHERE THE QUEEN SOMETIMES STAYS. SHE WASN'T IN WHEN WE VISITED!
60: GLENCOE MASSACRE In 1692, the Chief of the Glencoe MacDonalds was a few days late registering the hated oath of submission to England's William the Third. The English employed Scottish soldiers from the Clan Campbell. They sent the Campbell soldiers to Glencoe and had them request hospitality from the MacDonalds. Highland code demanded that the Clan MacDonald entertain them. Then on the tenth day the Campbells fell on their unsuspecting hosts killing over 38 men. Many families fled and perished later in their mountain hideouts.Hatred and pain still exist today that are caused by the massacre. In the land of Scotland.....,memory is long and wounds slow to heal. On the day of the massacre, a Campbell soldier couldn't bring himself to take part in the slaughter and rape. He allowed a young woman, babe in her arms, to escape. He then ran away forsaking his own Clan Campbell. Years later, starving, freezing and homeless the old soldier requested food from a young man. After he ate they talked about the long ago massacre.They realized the young man was a MacDonald and the old soldier a Campbell. The young man said his mother forgave because she had the memory of an enemy soldier who had spared both her life and her baby son.The men realized that the old Campbell soldier had been the one to spare the young man's life. The young man's family had overcome the massacre and prayed every night for the young enemy Campbell soldier.But the Campbell soldier lived a life of tragedy. His country had forsaken his clan, while his chief and his clan had forsaken him.
61: LOCH NESS MONSTER | Loch Ness has been connected with a monster since St. Columba saw a mysterious apparition on her surface in the 6th century. For hundreds of years, locals and visitors alike have seen strange and unexplainable "creatures". Many explanations have been created to try and bring an understanding to the unknown. There has never been proof and many theories are discounted. Most who visit Loch Ness can agree that if Nessie does exist the lovely, enigmatic Loch Ness provides a perfect home.
64: Rosslyn Chapel Even under construction it fills you with awe and amazement
67: The Apprentice Pillar of Rosslyn A master mason received from his patron a request to carve a stunning pillar for the chapel. The master went to Italy to see the original inspiration. During his absence, his apprentice carved a pillar of stunning beauty. When the master mason returned he was stunned by the marvel of workmanship. In a jealous rage he murdered his apprentice with a mallet.
68: Stirling Castle is located at the highest navigable point of the Forth. Its KEY position means that it controls the pass to the Highlands and was a critical part of the Wars for Independence. Over seven battles occurred nearby including the important victory of Bannockburn.
69: STIRLING CASTLE "WHOEVER HOLDS STIRLING, HOLDS SCOTLAND"
71: The newly renovated Royal Palace of Stirling.
72: Christ Church Cathedral | Daniel O'Connell Monument | Charles Stewart Parnell Monument | Dublin Castle
73: General Post Office, where Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army took shelter during the 1916 Rising. It is the site where the Proclamation of the Irish Republic was read aloud to the people. | Ashley and Molly Malone | Ha' Penny Bridge | DUBLIN, IRELAND!! | We're so excited. We are actually in Ireland!!
75: BOYNE VALLEY, County Meath "The Cradle of Irish Civilization" | In 1690, the deposed Catholic King of England, James II, fought the Protestant English King William of Orange at the Boyne River. | James II's Irish Catholic Army was heavily outnumbered and destroyed. James II escaped. The victorious William of Orange and the Protestants enacted their revenge on the Irish Catholics. They stole Irish Catholics land and started a persecution with far-reaching results.
76: NEWGRANGE | The only word to describe Newgrange is AWESOME! This passage grave is over 5,000 years old...yet the roof has NEVER leaked and the light box ALWAYS allows light in on the Winter Equinox!! Standing inside the chamber is emotionally overwhelming. You realize that you are standing in the most amazing room you will ever see !!!!!!
80: Ashley at the Stone of Destiny | The 18th century church dedicated to St.Patrick. | Mound of Hostages.
81: HILL OF TARA | The political and spiritual center of Ireland. It was the seat of the High Kings until the 11th century. | Statue of Saint Patrick.
82: What a wild and windswept place! Glorious....if we blew away we would end up in America!! It felt like being on top of North Dome..but with salty air.
83: Ashley has become such a sweet and lovely young woman....even in tacky green plastic "Irish" sunglasses!!! It was wonderful being with her on the trip. | THE CLIFFS OF MOHER
84: THE BURREN: wild and barren!! | The dry stone Irish fences.
85: An anchor salvaged from a ship of the doomed Spanish Armada when wrecked off the Irish coast. | Irish history is marked by centuries of English persecution along with internal battles of Protestant against Catholic. King Henry 8th, newly Protestant, declared himself King of the Irish and that control was handed down to future English rulers. James the 1st started a Plantation program that uprooted Irish Catholic families from their own land, held by generations before them and gave it to Protestant settlers from England. The Irish Catholics were to suffer horribly and then later encounter the Great Famine. Heartbreaking!! | We found these Irish fences so very haunting. The starving and uprooted Irish Catholics would build them for a pitiful amount of food money. The men and young boys would leave the land that had once been there own, to walk many miles to find work. To prevent their families from starving they built miles of fences leading to nowhere.
86: St. Patricks Cross. This was made when St. Patrick visited in 450a.d.
87: ROCK OF CASHEL | The rocky area was the stronghold for the Kings of Munster in the 4th century. in 1101 they gave the control over to the Catholic church. The chapel and tower date from that era. in 1647 a cromwellian army massacred its 3,ooo occupants and left much of it in ruins.
89: BLARNEY CASTLE
92: Dear Mom and Daddy, There are so many things that I have to be thankful for in my life. Many of those things have come from you as I was growing up. You were always there providing for me and giving me your unwavering love and support. Now I''m in a marriage of over 21 years with an amazing man and we have a wonderful family of our own. Yet, you are still quietly there, giving of yourselves to me, my husband and our children. You've done everything from babysitting to renovating homes. Recently, you've cared for me when I was ill and been a huge support system to Gary. Your time, patience and love have benefitted your Grandchildren immeasureably. We will always be eternally thankful to have you in our lives. Now, I have something else to be grateful for........the gift of experiencing England, Scotland, Ireland and Paris through the eyes of my daughter!! It was an unforgettable trip that means more to me than words can ever say!! I love you very much! -Carrie Dearest Ashley, Parents gift many of their personal traits to their children. From both my parents I was given my love of history.....from your Nana my appreciation of art, heritage and beauty.....and from your Papa a love of wild and natural places. Time will tell what I have passed on to you. Yet, I believe you share my joy in learning about the world and the people in it. Compassion is a wonderful trait to have. Nurture it always and remember what a wonderful world you live in. You are a very special young woman. My love and pride in you is endless. - Mama