FC: Jekyll and Hyde Stages of Addiction Project By: Shea White
1: Table of Contents: | Pages 2 & 3: Experimenting with drug use. Pages 4 & 5: Seeking the drug and its effects. Pages 6 & 7: Harmful Involvement/ Negative Effects. Pages 8 & 9: Chemical Dependency. Pages 10 & 11: Complete addiction.
2: Experimenting with Drug Use | Evidence: "I hesitated long before I put this theory to the test of practice. I knew well that I risked death; for any drug that so potently controlled and shook the very fortress of identity, might, by the least scruple of an overdose or at the least inopportunity in the moment of exhibition, utterly blot out that immaterial tabernacle which I looked to it to change. But the temptation of a discovery so singular and profound at last overcame the suggestions of alarm. I had long since prepared my tincture; I purchased at once, from a firm of wholesale chemists, a large quantity of a particular salt which I knew, from my experiments, to be the last ingredient required; and late one accursed night, I compounded the elements, watched them boil and smoke together in the glass, and when the ebullition had subsided, with a strong glow of courage, drank off the potion." ~Dr. Henry Jekyll
3: Explanation: After being plagued with thoughts concerning his darker side for several years, Jekyll begins to become obsessed with the duality of man, and his dual sides specifically. He initially avoids delving into trying to test his theory because he knows the risks involved were potentially more dangerous than he could actually handle. However, his curiosity gets the best of him and he finally decides to test his theory regardless of the consequences. He takes a potion that he created(the drug), thus initially experimenting with the entire process to test his theories concerning the nature of man - and how this duality is contained within himself as well.
4: Seeking the Drug and its Effects: | Evidence: "Let me but escape into my laboratory door, give me but a second or two to mix and swallow the draught that I had always standing ready; and whatever he had done, Edward Hyde would pass away like the stain of breath upon a mirror; and there in his stead, quietly at home, trimming the midnight lamp in his study, a man who could afford to laugh at suspicion, would be Henry Jekyll." - Henry Jekyll "I lingered but a moment at the mirror: the second and conclusive experiment had yet to be attempted; it yet remained to be seen if I had lost my identity beyond redemption and must flee before daylight from a house that was no longer mine; and hurrying back to my cabinet, I once more prepared and drank the cup, once more suffered the pangs of dissolution, and came to myself once more with the character, the stature and the face of Henry Jekyll." - Henry Jekyll
5: Explanation: Jekyll soon becomes addicted to the effects that the drug induces. He writes this off as necessary because in order for his experiment to be deemed successful, he needs to perform several trials in order to make sure that his hypothesis is correct. He then becomes so obsessed with it that he knowingly seeks it out because of the feeling that it gives him. He begins to become dependent on it because it allows him an escape from the very strict life that he has to live normally. It is very tempting and easy for him to get his fix, and at a certain point in the story - he begins to seek this effect out in the form of the drug not only for scientific purposes.
6: Harmful Involvement/ Negative Effects: Evidence: " The most racking pangs succeeded: a grinding in the bones, deadly nausea, and a horror of the spirit that cannot be exceeded at the hour of birth or death." - Henry Jekyll " I must have stared upon it for near half a minute, sunk as I was in the mere stupidity of wonder, before terror woke up in my breast as sudden and startling as the crash of cymbals; and bounding from my bed I rushed to the mirror. At the sight that met my eyes, my blood was changed into something exquisitely thin and icy. Yes, I had gone to bed Henry Jekyll, I had awakened Edward Hyde." - Henry Jekyll
7: Explanation: Jekyll suffers from physical and mental negative effects as a result of his dependence on the drug. When he takes it his body is transforming, causing him great physical pain. It also beings to take a toll on him mentally. He gets to a point where he can no longer completely control the transformations and they begin to happen on their own as Hyde starts to take over their body.
8: Chemical Dependency: Evidence: " Men have before hired bravos to transact their crimes, while their own person and reputation sat under shelter. I was the first that ever did so for his pleasures. I was the first that could plod in the public eye with a load of genial respectability, and in a moment, like a schoolboy, strip off these lendings and spring headlong into the sea of liberty. But for me, in my impenetrable mantle, the safely was complete. Think of it--I did not even exist! Let me but escape into my laboratory door, give me but a second or two to mix and swallow the draught that I had always standing ready; and whatever he had done, Edward Hyde would pass away like the stain of breath upon a mirror; and there in his stead, quietly at home, trimming the midnight lamp in his study, a man who could afford to laugh at suspicion, would be Henry Jekyll." - Henry Jekyll
9: Explanation: Jekyll's chemical dependency begins after he has used the potion to become Hyde several times. He becomes so obsessed with the idea of leaving his responsibilities and - in his mind - not being responsible for the horrible things that Hyde does, that he takes the drug without even thinking about the consequences anymore. He thinks his ability to transform so quickly and easily is such a gift, that he forgets himself and the good things that he stands for. He gets cocky, after so many successful experiences with the drug, and gets to the point where he takes it simply because he can.
10: Complete Addiction Evidence: " For two months, however, I was true to my determination; for two months, I led a life of such severity as I had never before attained to, and enjoyed the compensations of an approving conscience. But time began at last to obliterate the freshness of my alarm; the praises of conscience began to grow into a thing of course; I began to be tortured with throes and longings, as of Hyde struggling after freedom; and at last, in an hour of moral weakness, I once again compounded and swallowed the transforming draught."
11: Explanation: Soon, Jekyll begins to realize the awful effects of the drug. He attempts to stay away from it and avoid transformation, because he realizes how it negatively effects him. However, by this point in the story, he has become so dependent on it for release, that he cannot hold off any longer. After spending two months without using the drug, he begins to long for it and it's effects, and he eventually succumbs to this weakness.