BC: Photo Credit: http://www.pkwy.k12.mo.us/intra/professional/student_work/west_web4/sjarchow.html http://history.howstuffworks.com/american-history/gold-rushes.htm http://www.pacaritambo.com/NAkids.html http://www.texasbeyondhistory.net/tejas/voices/without.html http://www.touchstonesnelson.ca/store/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=89 http://www.sandcreeksite.com/ http://www.colorado.edu/geography/cartpro/cartography2/spring2005/froehlich/projects/native/CO_native_1861-1879.htm http://www.franksrealm.com/Indians/mountainman/pages/mountainman-williambent.htm http://www.baumanrarebooks.com/rare-books/indian-treaties/treaty-between/56974.aspx http://www.franksrealm.com/Indians/tribes/Cheyenne/pages/cheyenne-leanbear.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Kettle http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wynkoop/webdocs/isern.htm
FC: "Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee" Mix Book By: Jessica Dunn, Marina Saad, Jordan Minchew
1: Chapter Four "War Comes to the Cheyennes"
2: In Summary The Pikes Peak gold rush of 1858 caused many miners and settlers to rush to the Colorado area, which was the Cheyenne and Arapaho territory. The U.S. government created the Fort Wise Treaty, which allowed the American Indians to stay within their territory. Conflict between the Cheyennes and Army break out in 1864. The Cheyennes were left with no choice but to move south. They agreed to live south of the Arkansas River and give up the Colorado Territory.
4: Historical Context 1858 The Pikes Peak gold rush in Colorado brought miners and settlers into Cheyenne territory. 1864 The Sand Creek Massacre occurred. 1865 The Fort Treaty was signed, giving away Cheyenne Indian land in Colorado.
6: Important Passages A white man named William Bent tried to help the Indians understand the actions of the white men. William looked out for the interests of the Cheyenne tribe. Finally on October 14, 1845 the Indians signed a treaty agreeing to perpetual peace with the United States.
7: William Bent
8: “Hear of Conflict” Lean Bear went to strengthen and protect the Cheyenne Indians when he heard that they had been attacked. As he was approaching the soldiers, to shake their hands, they shot him and he fell right off his horse. This made many Cheyenne men furious at the white men.
9: Lean Bear
10: What a Character This was a time when there was a lot of fighting between the Native Americans and the white soldiers. Lean Bear, a Native American chief, wanted to fight and find the soldiers who attacked the Cheyenne tribe. Black Kettle then believed it was his job to protect the Cheyenne tribe from war.
11: Black Kettle
12: Literary Techniques Even though Black Kettle was so angered by all of the fighting, he just wanted to protect his people. His personality, or the technique that Brown used to create Black Kettle, was honest and selfless. All Black Kettle worried about was gathering a council, and making a peaceful truce between the Indians and whites.