FC: Philadelphia 2013
2: Independence Hall | Independence Hall
5: Independence Hall is the birthplace of America. The Declaration of Independence and U.S. Constitution were both debated and signed inside this building. Built between 1732 and 1756 to be the Pennsylvania State House, the building originally housed all three branches of Pennsylvania's colonial government.
6: Assembly Room
7: The Declaration of Independence and U.S. Constitution were both signed in this room. In May 1775, The Second Continental Congress meet just a month after shots had been fired at Lexington and Concord, the men prepared for war. They approved the nomination of George Washington as Commander in Chief of the newly created army, and they approved the resolution creating the Marine Corps. On July 2, 1776, the men voted to approve the resolution for independence. On July 4, 1776, they voted to approve their document, the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence was signed in this room on August 2, 1776. The Pennsylvania legislature loaned their room out again in May 1787 to the men of the Constitutional Convention. The nation's first framework of government, the Articles of Confederation, had proven unsatisfactory. In a climate of great concern, delegates arrived in Philadelphia to address the inadequacies of the Articles. In four months, they created the U.S. Constitution, a feat George Washington called "little short of a miracle". The debates of the Constitutional or Federal Convention were heated at times, over issues like the power balance between large states and small states as well as the slave trade. During the debates, Pennsylvania delegate and elder statesman Benjamin Franklin looked at the chair where Washington was seated as the presiding officer. Carved into that chair is a sun. As the men signed the Constitution, Franklin said that he had the great happiness to know it was a rising and not a setting sun.
10: First Senate Chamber
11: First House of Rep.
14: THE JOURNEY BEGINS...
17: Basilica of St. Peter and Paul
18: Old St. Mary's
19: The second Roman Catholic Church in Philadelphia. It was built in 1763 as a Sunday Church to be used by the parishioners of Old St. Joseph Church. The church was prominent in the life of Colonial and Revolutionary Philadelphia. Old St. Mary’s Church was the site of the first public religious commemoration of the Declaration of Independence. Old St. Mary Church became the first Cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Philadelphia in 1810. Many prominent figures of Colonial Philadelphia and the Revolution frequented this historic church. Members of the Continental Congress attended services here on four occasions from 1777 to 1781. George Washington, in an ecumenical spirit, worshipped here on at least two occasions.