BC: By:Kaitlyn C Gerald P Allie A E-Block
FC: Chapter 9 Analysis by Gerald Palmieri, Kaitlyn Conroy, & Allie Agostino | Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee by Dee Brown
1: Important Characters | This chapter is mainly about a Apache chief named Cochise and how he led a resistance among his tribe against the US army and government.
2: Other main characters in this chapter include... | Mangas Coloradas, an Apache war cheif imprisoned and killed by US soliders
3: Eskiminzin, cheif of the Aravaipa Apaches who is later sent to Camp Grant reservation and imprisoned by the US army.
4: Historical Dates February 1861- Good relations between Apaches and whites are damaged when the Chiricahuas are accused of stealing cattle and a half-breed boy from a white settler's ranch. January 1863- Mangas, an Apache war chief, is killed by US army soilders assigned to guard him. Spring 1865- Plans to move the Chiricahas to the Bosque Redondo reservation are rejected by Apache chief, Cochise April 30th 1871- An expedition of mixed whites, Mexican, and Papago Indians massacre 144 Aravaipa Apaches, who are later trailed and dismissed by white jury. Spring 1874- Cochise dies Summer 1874- Chief Delshay is killed by Mercenary Apaches Spring 1875- Most Apaches are either on reservations of have fled to Mexico
5: The Chiricahua Apaches | The Apache Massacre
6: Chief Cochise of the Chiricahua Apaches have allowed Americans to pass throughout their territory as they travel to California. However good relations are damaged between both parties when the Chiricahua's are accused of stealing cattle from a white settler's ranch. Cochise is imprisoned by the US army to ensure the safe return of what was stolen, but he escapes and in the process three white men are killed. Lit. Bascom of the US army retaliates by hanging three of Cochise's male relatives. This chain of events is what started conflicts between the Apaches and army. | Mangas, an Apache war chief is killed by army soldiers assigned to guard him in 1863. Cochise, determined to avenge his father in law's death bands up 300 warriors who keep the Southwest in turmoil for years. In spring 1865, the US plans to move the Chiricahas to the Bosque Redondo reservation, but Cochise refuses. Instead, Cochise and the Chiricahua's retreat all contact with whites. Then, however in 1871 an expedition of mixed whites, mexican, and papago indians massacre 144 Aravaipa Apaches, who are later acquitted by white jury. | Chapter 9 Summary
7: Vincent Colyer of the Indian Bureau begins to talk with Apaches in effort to soothe their anger over the massacre and to prevent future conflict. However, Cochise rejects this proposal and retreats to the mountains of Arizona. Army General Howard then finds Cochise, and they finally come to the agreement to create a Chiricahua reservation in the Chiricahua Mountains. Cochise dies in the spring of 1874, and then cheif Delshay is killed by mercenary Apaches in the summer of 1874, leaving the Chiricahua's without a chief, therefore many end up on reservations of have fled to Mexico.
10: Oh... What a character! | Cochise of the Apaches was tall and broad shouldered. He was deep-chested, intelleigent, gentle, neat, and clean. He had a high forehead, black hair and eyes. | The Apaches have no one to tell their story to. They believed they deserved the equal amount of land Apaches walked everywhere and wanted whites to die. | More descriptions of characters... | Literary Devices | Turning Point: In 1861, the Chirichuas transferred their hatred from the Spanish to Americans.
11: Delshay of the Tonto Apaches wanted to make a long lasting treaty with the whites. They thought whites and Apaches deserved equal land. | Mangas was a leader who was wounded in battle. A Mexican surgeon made him well again. While recovering, he was killed. It was said he was killed while attempting to escape. | Conflict & Irony are present throughout this chapter due to the Apache massacre and the capture of Apaches, which was ironic since they were innocent
12: Chapter 9 begins with Cochise first telling the government he can not trust Americans. After a conflict that leads to his arrest, three white men are killed and in turn three of Cochise's male relatives are killed as well. After the Tuscon Killers slaughter 144 Aravaipa Apaches | Overall...
13: The idea of white "barbarism" and the hostility of the US government towards Indians surfaces. Peace talks with Delshay and Cochise fail. Over this, Apaches are forced onto a reservation while Aravaipas are uprooted and they're cheid, Eskiminzin is harassed, and taunted. Ultimately the Aravaipas become extinct as a tribe.