FC: The Challenges of Creating a United States
1: Created By : Molly Bello 7th Grade Social Studies
2: only 19 people were hung and more imprisoned during the salem witch trials having people convinced that they were witches in the town of salem, massachusetts because of voodoo tales told by a west Indian slave Tutuba, when a few young girls claimed they were by the devil they blamed three salem women including Tituba of witchcraft, Tituba and the others accused were pressured and as a result made others seem guilty in false confessions, public hysteria over the threat of witchcraft mounted throughout Massachusetts | Salem Witch Trials
4: Alien and Sedition Acts
5: created in 1798 they were four laws put into order by the federalist-controlled U.S. Congress allegedly in response to the hostile actions of the french revolutionary government on the seas and in councils of diplomacy which was designed to destroy thomas jefferson’s republican party which openly expressed its sympathies for the french revolutionaries.
6: The Donner Party | A group of emigrants to california who in the winter of 1846-47 met with one of the most famous tragedies in western history. The california bound families were mostly from illinois and Iowa, and most prominent among them were the two Donner families and the Reed family. In going West they took a little-used, supposedly shorter route after leaving Fort Bridger; the route proved arduous and and they were delayed. They suffered severely in crossing the salt flats W of Great Salt Lake, and dissensions and ill feelings in the party arose when they reached what is today Donner Lake in the Sierra Nevada. They paused (Oct., 1846) to recover their strength, and early snow caught them, falling deep in a the passes and trapping them. Their limited food gave out, the cold continued, and the suffering of the group, some two thirds of them camped on Alder Creek and the remaining 22, including all of the Donner family, camped at Donner Lake, grew intense. A party of 15 snowshoers that attempted to make its way through the snow-choked passes in December to get help suffered horribly; about half of them survived to get aid from Sutter's Fort. Many of the emigrants died during the winter. Some surviving members of the Donner Party were reputedly driven to cannibalism, but despite archaeological examinations of the remains, cannibalism has never been definitively proved. Finally, expeditions from the Sacramento valley made their way through the snowdrifts to rescue the hunger-maddened migrants. Only about half of the original party of 81 reached California.
8: Citations | Salem Witch Trials Picture #1: http://www.unwinnable.com/2011/01/25/the-american-culture-of-horror-isolation-and-the-loss-of-self/ Salem witch trials picture # 2: http://www.nines.org/exhibits/80 picture #3: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salem_witch_trials
10: Alien and Sedition Acts picture #1 :http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/milestones/sedition/a-1.html picture#2 : http://billofrightsinstitute.org/resources/educator-resources/americapedia/americapedia-documents/alien-and-sedition-acts/ picture #3 :http://billofrightsinstitute.org/resources/educator-resources/americapedia/americapedia-documents/alien-and-sedition-acts/ | citations
12: Citations | Donner party picture # 1: http://mote.moric.org/blocked.html?URL=http://www.google.com/imgres?q=the+donner+party&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=firefox-a&sa=N&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&biw=992&bih=652&tbm=isch&tbnid=E-S6s9fBZ40YGM:&imgrefurl=http://jonathanshipley.blogspot.com/2010/06/pioneer-dame-of-donner-party.html&docid=US8BkaK8zg89DM&imgurl=http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_0AyNA9sRlIs/TB4rPuwLqCI/AAAAAAAAI1Q/ZCt-atHyHGk/s1600/donner-party.jpg&w=600&h=326&ei=ut7MT-bYINCe6QGnu6zsCw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=493&vpy=317&dur=781&hovh=165&hovw=305&tx=108&ty=101&sig=101034002648441143115&page=1&tbnh=105&tbnw=193&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:0,i:90&IP=172.19.229.176&CAT=WEBLOG&USER=IPGROUP Donner party picture #2: http://www.legendsofamerica.com/ca-donnerparty.html
13: Donner party picture #3: http://www.google.com/imgres?q=the+donner+party&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=firefox-a&sa=N&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&biw=992&bih=652&tbm=isch&tbnid=yBAAx0iRn0UeAM:&imgrefurl=http://homepage.mac.com/larow2/Voyages/Lynchburg_Schools/Lynchburg2/Donner_Party_Tragic_Expedition.kmz&docid=glcyfTW7Xv3abM&imgurl=http://www.sjmv.org/Campus/reference/emigration.gif&w=230&h=169&ei=ut7MT-bYINCe6QGnu6zsCw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=156&vpy=276&dur=1239&hovh=135&hovw=184&tx=75&ty=23&sig=101034002648441143115&page=2&tbnh=135&tbnw=184&start=15&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:10,s:15,i:130