S: Eyelyn Rubin
FC: Evelyn Rubin: A Survivor Story
1: Evelyn Rubin: A Survivor Story By: Lauren Jones
2: I was born right before Hitler came into power so the only Germany I remember as a little girl was Hitler's Germany, Nazi Germany. I started school in a Jewish nursery school, and then I started going when I was five years old to a Jewish day school, not a public school.
3: As a child I was aware of the laws against Jews and restricting them from certain places, and these laws greatly affected my childhood.
4: After the Nuremberg laws were passed in 1935, my parents began looking for a way to get out of the country. In 1940 this was easy because the Nazis wanted to expel all of the Jews anyway.
5: The problem was finding somewhere to go.
6: By 1938 the was an edict passed that all Jews must turn in all their valuables. They could only keep one engagement band and a gold watch.
7: Also in 1938 Jews started picking up and leaving to go to Shanghai, China, which was virtually unheard of. There was a quota though and my family was put on a waiting list.
8: Also, the same year, the Night of Broken Glass occurred. Synagogues were burned and shops were looted. Jewish males over the age of 18 were arrested and sent to the various existing concentration camps.
11: My mother at that time was in Berlin at the American Consulate, to see what the status of our visa was to come to the United States. I was alone with my grandmother and my father. My father decided to go into hiding at the time of November 9, 1938. He brought me over to a friend's house, and the Christian landlord at his place of business very kindly hid him in his attic.
12: On November 11 my father was arrested. My mother came back and decided that we must go to Shanghai. She went and purchased tickets for a ship leaving the following February, 1939 to go to Shanghai.
13: My father was released three weeks after his incarceration and was given two months to get out of Germany. We had the tickets to Shanghai so we boarded a train to Italy and boarded the Japanese ship.
14: We arrived in Shanghai March 14, 1939. My father established a typewriter business with a Chinese mechanic. My mother worked with him, and we moved into a very pretty apartment.
15: I was eight and a half years old. I had not seen the inside of a class room since November, and my parents enrolled me in one of the many schools that were available to us, the Shanghai Jewish School.
16: He died in March of 1941 at 43 years old. My grandmother, his mother, had come to Shanghai, too. She was 72 years old at the time that her son, my father, died. My mother continued the typewriter business with the Chinese mechanic now completely on her own.
17: After the attack on Pearl Harbor, things in China were very bad. A law was passed that anyone that moved in Shanghai after 1937 had to move.
18: My mother and I moved with three other families to a Chinese house in that sector of Shanghai. The rooms were very small. There was no flush toilet and no running water.
19: In the spring of 1945, the war was over in Europe. So far, we had not been bombed by the Americans. The outside of the city had gotten some bombardment. Very often we would look up in the sky and would hear planes.
20: My mother and I came to the United States in March of 1947. Now I live in Jericho, New York.