BC: Support groups and Fundraisers | Albinism Fellowship for the United Kingdom and Ireland National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation (NOAH) NOAH members across North America participate in annual bowl-a-thons American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS)
1: The first person to scientifically recognize this illness was known as Sir Archibald Garrod. This was done in the year 1908. | Balthazar Telez, explorer in the 17th century came up with the name Albino which means white Negro after seeing an Albino African Tribe.
2: Symptoms and Effects | - milky white skin, skin pigmentation can range from white to brown - for some people with albinism, skin pigmentation never changes - for others, melanin production may begin or increase during childhood - hair color can range from very white to brown, some have yellow hair | - eye color can range from very light blue to brown and may change with age - severe eye conditions and bad eye: sensitivity to the sun or blindness
4: The cause of albinism is a mutation in one of the genes. A mutation may result in no melanin production at all or a significant decline in the amount of melanin. The mutated gene is usually chromosome 11. They must inherit two copies of the mutated gene, one from each parent (recessive inheritance). Albinism is Autosomal.
6: Who is affected by the disorder | Approximately one in 17,000 people have albinism. People of all races and gender can be affected by this disease but it is most common in Africa.
7: Treatments | The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms. Treatment depends on the severity of the disorder. Treatment involves protecting the skin and eyes from the sun. asses are often prescribed to correct vision problems and eye position. Eye muscle surgery is sometimes recommended to correct abnormal eye movements.
8: In the United States, people with this condition can expect to have a normal lifespan. People with albinism may experience some social problems because of a lack of understanding on the part of others. When a member of a normally dark-skinned ethnic group has albinism, he or she may face some very complex social challenges. | Prognosis