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Roadtrip to Texas: the sights and sounds

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FC: Road Trip To Texas: The Sights and Sounds By: Racic Fernandez Coach Kee 3rd Period 9-19-11 | Route 66 and Interstate 10

1: Table of Contents Pg. 1 Austin, Tx Pg. 2 Bastrop, Tx Pg. 3 Crockett, Tx Pg. 4 Dripping Springs, Tx Pg. 5 Estacado, Llano Pg. 6 Frio River Pg. 7 Guadelupe, Mountains Pg. 8 Houston University Pg. 9 Iwo Jima War Memorial Pg. 10 Jefferson Historical Society & Museum Pg. 11 Killough Monument Pg. 12 Lake, Caddo Pg. 13 McMurry University Pg. 14 Neches River Pg. 15 Odessa Meteor Crater Landform Pg. 16 Palo Alto Battlefeild Pg. 17 Quanah, Medicine Mounds Pg. 18 Rice University Pg. 19 Six Flags Pg. 20 Trinity River Pg. 21 U.T Pg. 22 Victoria Memorial Square Pg. 23 World, Sea Pg. 24 XIT Historical Inn Pg. 25 Yoakum Country Park Pg. 26 Zilker Park Pg. 27 Map

2: Citations | My mind for Austin Texas http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bastrop_County,_Texas for Bastrop http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crockett,_Texasfor Crockett http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dripping_Springs,_Texas#Geography for Dripping Springs http://mysite.du.edu/~jcalvert/geol/llano.htm for Estacado, Llano http://southwestpaddler.com/docs/frio.html for the Frio River http://www.nps.gov/gumo/naturescience/index.htm use this for Guadalupe Mountain

3: Citations Continued... | http://www.uh.edu/about/ for Houston University http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marine_Corps_War_Memorial for Iwo Jima Memorial http://www.thegrove-jefferson.com/jefferson/museum/index.htm for Jefferson Historical Museum http://www.strangeusa.com/Viewlocation.aspx?id=9715 for Killough Monument http://www.caddolake.org/ for Lake Caddo http://www.mcm.edu/ for McMurry University http://www.bigthicketdirectory.com/bee/bee33.html for Neches River

4: Citations Continued... | http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odessa_Meteor_Crater http://www.nps.gov/paal/parknews/exhibiting-change.htm for Palo Alto Battlefeild http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medicine_Mound,_Texas for Quanah Medicine Mound, Texas http://www.rice.edu/ Rice University http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_Flags for Six Flags http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinity_River_(Texas) for the Trinity River http://www.utexas.edu/about-ut/history-traditions for U.T. http://www.victoriatx.org/parks/parks/memorialsquarepark.asp for Victoria, Tx Memorial Square http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SeaWorld for World, Sea http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XIT_Museum fro XIT Museum http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcy01 for YOAKUM COUNTY Park http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zilker_Park for Zilker Park

5: Austin City | Austin Texas is the state capital. People come from all over the country to see the bats fly out from under the Congress Avenue Bridge at night. The Colorado River flows through Austin. Austin is considered the musical capital of the world. Austin one of the top cities in technology.

6: Bastrop City | Bastrop, Texas is located in Central Texas 30 miles east of Austin. It is the County Seat for Bastrop County. Bastrop County is named for Felipe Enrique Neri, Baron de Bastrop (he was actually a commoner named Philip Hendrik Nering Bogel who was wanted for embezzlement in his native country of the Netherlands), an early Dutch settler who assisted Stephen F. Austin in obtaining land grants in Texas. Sadly to say, as I am writing this Bastrop has been burning. Thousands of acres including the pine forest have burnt down.

7: Crockett City | Crockett Texas was named after Davy Crockett. History notes that he camped out here while on his way to the Alamo. The site was near the Old San Antonio Road. The railroad came through in 1872 enabling Crockett to exploit the county's timber resources. The terrain of the town is hilly, and forested mostly with loblolly pine and pecan trees. Crockett was connected to Nacogdoches by stage service.

8: Dripping Springs City | Dripping Spring a.k.a. Gateway to the Hills of Texas. Dripping Springs is a city in Hays County. It's 21 miles west of Austin. Nannie Moss, one of the original families to move to the area, named it for the "dripping springs" at the Milk House Branch of the Edwards Aquifer, a gathering place for the Tonkawa Indians. Dripping Springs has come a long way, now boasting with restaurants, new home developments, shopping centers. It is no longer a rural area.

9: Estacado, Llano Landforms | The Llano Estacado is part of the High Plains. New Mexico borders between Interstate 40 on the north and Interstate 20 on the south, between Amarillo and Midland-Odessa, Texas. The distinguishing characteristic of the Llano is the Caprock Escarpment. A precipitous cliff usually about 300' in height, seeming to be an almost impenetrable defense for the plains. The cliff on the north facing the Canadian river was seen by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado as the Staked Plains. It is a region in the Southwestern United States that encompasses parts of eastern New Mexico and northwestern Texas, including the south plains and parts of the Texas Panhandle.

10: Frio River | The Frio River has three primary entries; the East, West, and Dry Frio rivers. The West Frio River rises from springs in northeastern Real County and joins with the East Frio River near the town of Leakey; the Dry Frio River joins northeast of Uvalde. The river flows generally southeast for two hundred miles until it empties into the Nueces River south of the town of Three Rivers. Along the way, the Frio River provides water to the Choke Canyon Reservoir in McMullen and Live Oak counties.

11: Guadalupe, Mountains Landforms | Guadalupe Mountains National Park preserves one of the finest examples of an ancient, marine fossil reef on Earth. The closest cities are El Paso (110 miles) or Carlsbad (55 miles). The Guadalupe Mountains are a mountain range located in West Texas and southeastern New Mexico. The Guadalupe Mountains are surrounded by the south plains to the east and north, Delaware Mountains to the south, and Sacramento Mountains to the west. The range includes the highest summit in Texas, Guadalupe Peak. It includes the "signature peak" of West Texas, El Capitan, both located within Guadalupe Mountains National Park, as well as Carlsbad Caverns National Park.

12: Houston University | The University of Houston offers nearly 200 graduate degree programs, including some that rank among the nation's best. Founded in 1927, the University of Houston is the leading public research university in the vibrant international city of Houston. Each year, they educate more than 38,700 students in more than 300 undergraduate and graduate academic programs, on campus and online. UH awards more than 7,000 degrees annually. The University of Houston is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award baccalaureate, master's, professional and doctoral degrees.

13: Iwo Jima War Memorial Historical Importances | This original full-sized creation of Felix De Welden was used for the casting of the monument located in Washington, D.C. After completion of the monument in Washington, this sculpture was placed in storage until the early 1980's when it was donated to the Marine Military Academy in Harlingen, Texas by its creator. The Iwo Jima Monument is located behind the parade deck and near the main entrance to the Academy. The Academy is located adjacent to the Valley International Airport Harlingen, Texas. The Iwo Jima Museum contains many souvenirs, photographs and memorabilia of the famous World War II battle. The Iwo Jima Monument - The Marine Military Academy, a Texas Original.

14: Jefferson Historical Society & Museum | Standing stately on Austin Street in Jefferson, the Jefferson Historical Museum was once the center of Marion County operation. It housed both the courthouse and the post office, and although today it is a wonderful portal into Jefferson's history. It still has many distinguishing features of both the courts and the postal service from that bygone era. It is now the Finest Museum in East Texas, inside you can find examples of porcelains, pottery, paintings, early Jefferson home furnishings, and other collectibles.

15: Killough Monument Historical Importance | The history of Killough Monument involved the Killough family who settled there and built a home. Eventually Indians came along who wanted to take over their land and massacred the family, and destroyed their home. The monument was supposedly built in the same place the house was located, with the graves of the family members surrounding it. The monument itself is a brick pyramid formation on a concrete foundation. The foundation is approximately 4 feet tall and the pyramid is about 1,518 feet from the ground to the top. It's located in Jacksonville Tx.

16: Lake, Caddo River | Lake Caddo wetland located on the border between Texas and Louisiana, in northern Harrison County and southern Marion County in Texas and western Caddo Parish in Louisiana. The lake is named after the Southeastern culture of Native Americans called Caddoans or Caddo, who lived in the area until their expulsion in the 19th century. Caddo is the largest natural lake in the south, and the only natural lake in Texas. It is fed by Big Cypress Bayou, Little Cypress Bayou, Black Cypress Bayou and Jeems Bayou. Half of the lake is in Texas and half is in Louisiana. Caddo Lake is home to one the largest cypress forest in the world.

17: McMurry University | Founded in 1923, is a private co-educational university in Abilene, Texas. McMurry University offers a variety of programs along with specialty programs for students who seek a Texas teaching certificate. The School of Education consists of three departments: Curriculum and Instruction, and Kinesiology. It is a liberal arts school offering forty-one majors in the fields of fine arts, humanities, social and natural sciences, education, business, and religion, and nine pre-professional programs, including pre-engineering, nursing, dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, veterinary, and law. McMurry is affiliated with the United Methodist church.

18: Neches River | Two major reservoirs, Lake Palestine and B. A. Steinhagen Reservoir are located on the Neches. Several cities are located along the Neches River Basin, including Evadale, Tyler, Lufkin, Silsbee, Beaumont, Vidor, Port Neches, Nederland, Groves, and Port Arthur. A part of the Neches River flows through the southeast part of Hardin County not far from Silsbee. It has become a great source for canoeing, boating and fishing.

19: Odessa Meteor Crater Landform | The Odessa Meteor Crater is a meteorite crater in the southwestern part of Ector County, southwest of the city of Odessa, Texas. It is located approximately 3 miles (5 km) south of I-20 at FM 1936 south. This is one of two impact crater sites found in Texas, the other being the much larger and older Sierra Madera crater.

20: Palo Alto Battlefield Historical Monument | On May 8, 1846 troops of the United States and Mexico clashed on the prairie of Palo Alto. The battle was the first in a two-year long conflict that changed the map of North America. Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park preserves the site of this notable battle and provides an understanding of the causes, events, and consequences of the first war between independent Republics. The U.S. Congress declared war on May 13. It is located in Brownsville Texas.

21: Quanah, Medicine Mounds Landforms | Quanah Medicine Mound is a ghost town in southeastern Hardeman County in West Texas. Medicine Mound (singular) is named for four nearby cone-shaped dolomite hills called Medicine Mounds, which rise some 350 feet above the surrounding plains. They were named by the Comanche Indians, who maintained that the mounds are the dwelling place of powerful, benevolent spirits, which can cure ills, assure successful hunts, and protect in battle. In an annual ritual the Comanche came to Medicine Mound with cedar incense taken from nearby Cedar Mound. The mounds are on private property but can be observed some five miles in the distance by vehicle.

22: Rice University | Rice University is located in Houston, Texas. Established in 1912 after the murder of its namesake William Marsh Rice. With more than 3,000 undergraduates, Rice offers the best of both worlds: an exceptional educational experience offered by professors who know your name. Mascot is an owl.

23: Six Flags Recreation | Six Flags Entertainment Corp is the world's largest amusement park corporation based on quantity of properties and the fifth most popular in terms of attendance. The company maintains 14 properties located throughout North America, including theme parks, thrill parks, water parks and family entertainment centers. The company was founded in Texas and took its name from its first property, Six Flags Over Texas. The company maintains a corporate office in Midtown Manhattan, New York City and its headquarters are in Grand Prairie, Texas.

24: Trinity River | The Trinity River is a 710-mile (1,140 km) long river that flows entirely within the state of Texas. It rises in extreme north Texas, a few miles south of the Red River. The headwaters are separated by the high bluffs on the south side of the Red River. Another glimpse of the Trinity river is in Fort Worth. Robert Cavelier de La Salle called the stream the "River of Canoes". The name "Trinity" came three years later in 1690 from Alonso De León, who called the stream the "La Santísima Trinidad" ("the Most Holy Trinity").

25: U.T. | The University of Texas at Austin formally opened on Sept. 15, 1883. Dr. John W. Mallet, professor of chemistry and the first chairman of the faculty, addressed an audience of 300 who had come to the unfinished Main Building to witness the seedling of a university being planted on College Hill. The Tower on campus is one of the most recognizable landmark's and U.T symbol since it was completed in 1937. At 307 feet, the 27-floor Tower can be seen from almost any location in Austin. Bevo, a Texas longhorn, has been the school's mascot since 1916. The longhorn represents the pride and tradition of Austin.

26: Victoria Memorial Square Historical Importances | Aside from the fact the Memorial Square holds the dust of many old Victoria pioneers, it is hallowed for another reason, Within its present bounds were laid the remains of many of the brave soldiers of the Texas War for Independence of 1836 and 1837. In 1846, when Zachary Taylor's men were on the march to Mexico, they pitched camp at Victoria. While in this vicinity a most terrible epidemic of cholera raged in the ranks of the army. Men suffered and died in agony. Their bodies were laid in the consecrated earth of Memorial Square, Victoria's oldest cemetery.

27: World, Sea Recreation | SeaWorld is a United States chain of marine mammal parks, oceanariums, and animal theme parks owned by SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. The parks feature captive orca, sea lion, and dolphin shows and zoological displays featuring various other marine animals. There are operations in Orlando, Florida, San Diego, California, San Antonio, Texas, and previously Aurora, Ohio. On March 5, 2007, SeaWorld Orlando announced the addition of the Aquatica water park to its adventure park family, which already includes SeaWorld and Discovery Cove. SeaWorld San Diego was opened on March 21, 1964. SeaWorld San Antonio opened on May 27, 1988.

28: XIT Museum Recreation | The XIT Museum in Dalhart, Texas, seeks to preserve the history and culture of one of the best-known ranches of the American West, the legendary XIT, which at its peak encompassed parts of ten Texas counties along a 200-mile (300 km) stretch of acreage in the late 19th century. The ranch operated from 1885–1912. The museum exhibits include a model of an XIT division headquarters. The museum also displays period artifacts: an early kitchen, parlor, bedroom, an inspirational chapel (which can accommodate small wedding parties), dozens of historic photographs, and collections of guns, hats, and cameras. The railroad exhibit stems from a major event of May 31, 1901, when the Rock Island, now Union Pacific, crossed the Fort Worth and Denver Railway lines near the stop called “Twist Junction”, which became the future Dalhart, derived from the combination of Dallam and Hartley counties.

29: Yoakum County Park Recreation | Yoakum County is in western Texas on the southern high plains, along the New Mexico border. The center of the county is at 3210' north latitude and 10250' west longitude. The area was named for Henderson King Yoakum. The area that is now Yoakum County was off the path of most early explorations, but Fray Juan de Salas crossed the region in 1632 on his second visit to the Jumano Indians. Comanche, Cheyenne, and Kiowa tribes made the land their own until buffalo hunters and bone gatherers ventured in after 1870. In 1876 the Texas legislature established Yoakum County from lands formerly assigned to the Bexar District, but in 1890 the United States census found only four people living in the area, and as late as 1900 the county had only twenty-six residents.

30: Zilker Park Recreation | Zilker Metropolitan Park is a recreational area in the heart of Austin (near Barton Springs Pool and Lady Bird Lake). It is named after its benefactor Andrew Jackson Zilker, who donated the land to the city in 1917. It was developed into the park during the Great Depression in the 1930s. The park serves as a hub for many recreational activities and the hike and bike trail around Lady Bird Lake, both of which run next to the park. The park was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on 1997.The large size of the park makes it a capable venue for large scale events such as the Austin City Limits Music Festival and the Zilker Park Kite Festival.

31: Key: Recreation Historical Importances Rivers City Landforms University

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