FC: ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features | Ben.C Hour 3
1: Archipelago | A | Archipelago - An archipelago is a group of islands. -Archipelago comes from the greek word archos = chief, and pelagos = sea. - The Greeks originally used the archipelagos to describe the Agean Sea.
2: B | Bay-A bay is a indent in the land filled with water like the San Francisco bay in San Francisco California.
3: C | A canyon is a gorge with a river in it like the Grand Canyon. | Canyon
4: D | A desert is a dry barren place like the Sahara Desert in Northern Africa | Desert
5: E | a | Escarpment | An escarpment is a steep slope. -escarpments are usually caused by faults -escarpments are not just found on Earth
6: F | Forest - A forest is a large area covered in trees like the Amazon rain forest which is mostly in Brazil.
7: A glacier is a large slowly moving mass of ice. -glaciers hold over three fourths of the Earth's freshwater. -The largest glaciers in the world are ice sheets. | G | Glacier
8: H | Highlands - Highlands are a high mountainous area.
9: Island | I | An island is a piece of land surrounded by water like the Galopagos Islands which are a province of Ecuador.
10: J | fJord- A fJord is a inlet of the sea between two high cliffs. -fjords were most likely formed by glaciers -The most narrow fjord in the world is 250 meters wide.
11: K | laKe - A lake is a body of water surrounded by land. Like Lake Superior in the Northern United States.
12: L | lagoon - A lagoon is a stretch of salt water separated from the ocean by a sandbar or a coral reef.
13: M | marsh - A marsh is a low piece of land that is usually flooded like the Florida, Everglades.
14: N | mountaiN - A mountain is a large elevation in Earth's surface like Mt. Everest.
15: O O | Ocean - An ocean is a large body of water like the Arctic Ocean.
16: Plain - A plain is a flat grassy areas, like the Salisbury Plain in England | P
17: Q | aQuifer - An aquifer is rock that contains groundwater. -Aquifers are like underground lakes. -Almost all of Nebraska is above a huge aquifer.
18: River - A river is a stream of water flowing toward an ocean or lake like the Mississippi river. | R | River - A river is a stream of water flowing toward an ocean or lake like the Mississippi river. | R
19: S | Sound - A sound is a narrow section of water that makes an inlet.
20: The Great Outdoors | T | Tundra - Tundra is a flat Arctic region. - The word tundra means treeless plain. - The tundra is the coldest biome.
21: U | plateaU - A plateaU is a flat high area of land like the Colorado Plateau in Colorado.
22: volcano - A volcano is a mountain with a crater in it that can erupt with lava like Mt. St. Helens in Washington. | V
23: W | Water Fall - A water fall is a river that flows off a cliff like Niagara Falls in Canada.
24: geYser - A geyser is a hot spring of water that shoots out a column of water like Old Faithful in Yellowstone National Park. | Y