FC: Basic English Grammar Book
1: Introduction Study the rules and repeat the examples. Then practice making sentences of your own. Reina H.
2: Grammar file 1 1. Verb be: present simple + Positive I'm You're He's She's German. It's We're You're They're | There are three forms: am, is and are. There are eight personal pronouns: I, you, (singular) he, she,it, we,you, they (plural)
3: - Negative I'm not You aren't He isn't She isn't Italian. It isn't We aren't You aren't They aren't | Use not after the verb to make negatives.
4: Interrogative | Am I Are you Is he Is she Japanese Is it Are we Are you Are they
5: Short Answer I am you are he is she is It is we are you are they are | Yes, | Don’t use contractions in positive short answers.
6: Short Answer I'm not you aren't he isn't she isn't it isn't we aren't your aren't they aren't | No, | Use not after the verb to make negatives.
7: Word order in questions Are you Polish? | Where are you from?
8: 2. Adjectives I'm You're He's She's It's We're You're They're | French. | Adjectives don't change.
9: 3. Possessive Adjectives I - my My name's Sophie. You - your What's your name? He - his His name's Tom Cruise. She - he Her name's Julia Roberts. It - its Its capital is Buenos Aires. We - our Our names are Bob and Sue. You - your Bob, Sue, your kids are great. They - their Their kids are great.
10: Grammar file 2 1. Present simple: routines + Positive I start You start He starts She starts at 8 in the morning.. It starts We start You start They start | Use the present simple for things you do every day/week, etc. Remember; She gets up at 7.30. Then she has a shower. After that, she has breakfast. After breakfast, she goes to work.
11: - Negative I don't You don't He doesn't She doesn't It doesn't We don't You don't They don't | start early.
12: Question | ? | Do I Do you Does he Does she Does it start early ? Do we Do you Do they
13: 2. Prepositions of time in on at the morning Monday six o'clock the afternoon 1st May night the evening lunchtime December Christmas the summer the weekend | Use in for parts of the day, months and seasons. Use on for days and dates. Use at for times of the day and festivals.
14: 3. Expressions of frequency Adverbs Adverb Verb always 100% usually often have breakfast. sometimes hardly ever never 0% | I | Adverbs of frequency go before the verb. Adverbs of frequency go after be; He es always tired.
15: 4. How often...? How often do you cook? | I cook (about) once a day. twice a week. two or three times a month. four times a year. every day. every week.