FC: Cate H. Ray K. mod 5/6 Book of Cells
1: The cell was first discovered by Robert Hooke in 1665. The first cell observed by Anton Van Leeuwenhoek in 1674. | A cell is defined as usually microscopic structure containing nuclear and cytoplasmic materials enclosed by some sort of wall, depending on the type of cell.
3: The cell on the top right is an animal cell, top left is a plant cell, bottom right is a eukaryotic cell, bottom left is a prokaryotic cell.
4: Eukaryotic cells | Any organism that has the basic structure and functions of a regular cell, but contains special organelles in the cytoplasm and uses an elaborate division of cells.
5: Prokaryote cell | Any cellular organism that does not contain a nuclear membrane and any organelles in the cytoplasm except ribosomes.
6: Inside a cell: -Mitochondria -nucleus -DNA -chromosomes -cell membrane -cell wall -chloroplast -centrioles -endoplasmic | -flagella -cilia -reticulum -vacuoles -cytoplasm -cytoskeleton -lysosomes -golgi apparatus -ribosomes
7: This is a picture of mitochondria.Mitochondria is an Organelle that helps in energy production.
8: Nucleus | Directs the growth, metabolism, and reproduction, as well as storage for DNA.
9: DNA | Deoxyribonucleic Acid, is where your genetic traits are found and passed down form your parents.
10: Chromosomes | Chromosomes contain the DNA of the cell and is where the genetic material can be found.
11: Cell membrane | Also known as the nuclear envelope, is a double membrane surrounding the cell.
12: Cell wall | The definite boundary of a cell, found in plant cells.
13: Flagella | A long appendage that serves a locomotive for sperm cells.
14: Cilia | Create rhythmic motions to ciliate liquids in animal tissue.
15: Chloroplast | Organelle found in plant cells that give the plant its green color and ability to perform photosynthesis.
16: Centrioles | Organelle that helps in mitosis.
17: Endoplasmic | responsible for the protein production and responsible for transporting the proteins to the golgi apparatus
18: Flagella | A long appendage that serves a locomotive for sperm cells.
19: Vacuoles | A fluid filled organelle in the cytoplasm.
20: Golgi Apparatus | Found in the cytoplasm and helps remove waste and is a transport system, probably for the wastes.
21: Rimbosomes | Act as the protein manufacturer of the cell.