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Kelvin - Comparative Government - China

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FC: CHINA

1: Unitary, limited Government Constitution adopted on December 4, 1982

2: Chief of State: President XI Jinping (since 14 March 2013); Vice President LI Yuanchao (since 14 March 2013) Head of Government: Premier LI Keqiang (since 16 March 2013); Executive Vice Premier ZHANG Gaoli (since 16 March 2013), Vice Premier LIU Yandong (since 16 March 2013), Vice Premier MA Kai (since 16 March 2013), and Vice Premier WANG Yang (since 16 March 2013) Cabinet: State Council appointed by National People's Congress Elections: president and vice president elected by National People's Congress for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); elections last held on 5-17 March 2013 (next to be held in March 2018); premier nominated by president, confirmed by National People's Congress

3: Executive Branch

4: Highest Court: Supreme People's Court (consists of over 340 judges including the chief justice, 13 grand justices organized into a civil committee and tribunals for civil, economic, administrative, complaint and appeal, and communication and transportation cases) Judge Selection and Term of Office: chief justice appointed by the People's National Congress; term limited to two consecutive 5-year terms; other justices and judges nominated by the chief justice and appointed by the Standing Committee of the People's National Congress; term of other justices and judges NA Subordinate Courts: Higher People's Courts; Intermediate People's Courts; District and County People's Courts; Autonomous Region People's Courts; Special People's Courts for military, maritime, transportation, and forestry issues

5: Judicial Branch

6: Unicameral National People's Congress or Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui (2,987 seats; members elected by municipal, regional, and provincial people's congresses, and People's Liberation Army to serve five-year terms)

7: Legislative Branch

8: CCP | The Communist Party is the only real party | There are 8 other "puppet" parties with no power.

9: Political Parties

10: HISTORY

11: THE COMMUNIST PARTY WAS FOUNDED IN 1921 AND FOUGHT WITH THE NATIONALISTS FOR POWER. THE TWO HAD A TEMPORARY TRUCE TO FIGHT THE JAPANESE DURING WORLD WAR II. AFTER A 10-YEAR CIVIL WAR, THE COMMUNIST FORCED THE NATIONALIST TO FLEE TO TAIWAN, AND THE COMMUNIST PARTY HAS BEEN IN POWER EVER SINCE. ITS IDEAOLOGY IS STRONGLY INFLUENCED BY LENIN-MARXIST THOUGHTS.

12: ECONOMY (COMMAND, SLOWLY SHIFTING TO MIXED ECONOMY SINCE DENG XIAOPING)

13: IMPORT/ EXPORTS | Top Exports: Electronic equipment Machinery Clothing and accessories Top Imports: Electronic equipment Oil Machines, engines, pumps

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  • By: Kelvin C.
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  • Title: Kelvin - Comparative Government - China
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  • Published: over 5 years ago