FC: Middle Eastern Vocab
1: Judaism- Monotheistic religion of the Jews | Christianity- Monotheistic beliefs based on the Old Testament and Jesus | My friend is Jewish and she believes in one god just like Christians. | Suzie is Christian and she celebrates Easter and Christmas.
2: Islam- Monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia following the rules of the Koran | Zionism- policy that developed a national homeland for Jews in Palestine | The Jews came back to their homeland because of Zionism, but some people weren't happy about it. | Some Islams follow the Koran very strictly, but it all depends on how they interpret it.
3: Arab- person who originates from the Arabian Peninsula who speaks Arabic | Jihad- holy struggle of a Muslim to meet spiritual goals | Tia was Muslim and everyday she felt pressure to be perfect which is called Jihad. | Bria speaks Arabic and her ancestors lived in the Arabian Peninsula so she is Arab
4: Sunni- Member of largest branch of Islam that accepts the four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad | Shiite- member of the branch of Islam that thinks Ali as the successor to Muhammad | All of the Shiites changed "Ali" "Ali" while the Sunni people looked on disapprovingly. | My friend Suneet is a Sunni and he told me how he is part of the larger group of Islams.
5: OPEC- Organization of Petroleum exporting Countries with Saudi Arabia being a main country | Ramadan- Islamic holiday held during the ninth Islamic month | Bill doesn't like Ramadan very much because he has to fast and he always gets hungry. | The leaders of OPEC have to work very hard to make sure that all the money coming in is being handled correctly.
6: Yom Kippur- a Jewish fast day known as the "Atonement Day" | Jenny looks forward to Yom Kipper because it is the holiest day of the Jewish year.
7: Palestinian- group of Arabs who lived in Palestine | James is a Palestinian and proud of it because he is Arab, but lives in Palestine.
8: Taliban- Fundamental Muslims who took control of Afghanistan in 1996 | The civilians are afraid of the Taliban because they do terrible things and hurt innocent people.
9: Al Qaeda- formed by Osama bin Laden in the late 1980s that is dedicated to fighting against the US. | People in the U.S. are afraid of Al Qaeda because they could try a terrorist attack against our country.
10: PLO- political movement using Palestinian Arabs to create an independent Palestine | Jimmy had never really heard about PLO, but his parents were talking that Palestine could become independent.
11: Hamas- Islamic political movement that opposes peace | Hamas is a very scary thought because people who do not believe in peace. want to fight which is bad for all.
12: Intifada- an uprising by Palestinian Arabs against Israel in the late 1980's | Israel does not like Palestinian Arabs because of the Intifada that killed people in their land before.
13: Some people believe that the women are forced to wear the Hijab, but some of the women freely wear it. | Hijab- head scarf worn by Muslim women
14: Synagogue- the place of worship for the Jewish | Kia is Jewish and goes to the synagogue to pray and feel closer to God.
15: Mosque- place of worship for the Muslim | A Muslim man goes to the mosque to pray for his wife who's dad just died in a suicide bomb.
16: Bedouin- Nomadic people of Arabian peninsula | Sidd didn't like moving around all the time because he had finally met friends on the Easter half of the Arabian Peninsula.
17: Fundamentalism- strict interpretation of basic religious rules | The rabbi was a fundamentalist and got very mad at people for everything they did that seemed unholy.
18: Terrorism-violence against civilians in order to attain religious or political goals | After 9-11, terrorism is a common thing that people worry about andwas never an issue before.
19: The End
20: Picture Cites | libertarianchristians.org tiptoptens.com faithofmuslims.com altrapoint.com bahrainipolitics.blogspot.com en.wikipedia.org shutterstock.com dismalworld.com ghananewsagency.org theramadancountdown.wordpress.com migindia.com guardian.co.uk barenakedislam.com tammybruce.com thenakedtruthinaconfusedworld.blogspot.com