FC: Virginia History by:Clara Kugelman
1: Primary vs Secondary sources | primary speeches, artifacts, music, interviews, news film footage, autobiographies | secondary newspaper articles, books, encyclopedias, atlas, Hershey Bars,
2: bordering states and large bodies of water | Atlantic ocean, Chesapeake bay,Maryland,West ,Virginia,Kentucky,Tennessee,North Carolina
3: the 5 regions | Appalachian Plateau,Vally and Ridge,Blue Ridge mountains,piedmont,coastal plain
4: Cities & Rivers Alexandria on the Potomac Fredericksbug on the Rappahannock Yorktown on the York Jamestown on the James
5: artifacts & archaeologists | artifacts are ancient tools. archaeologists study artifacts.
6: Eastern Woodlands Werowcomoco was th trading center. the used animal skins for clothing. they used natural resources to make there houses.
7: Virginia Indian tribes | Powhatan in the tide water region spoke Algonquian. The Monacan in the piedmont region spoke Siouan. The Cherokee in southwest Virginia spoke Iroquoian.
8: Reasons for picking Jamestown in 1607 -to increase there wealth and power -defense against enemies from both land and sea,deep harbor,thought there was a good supply of fresh, clean,drinking water
9: Hardships at Jamestown -Diseases -Native Americans -Difficult to find clean water -starvation | no clean water
10: Important people at Jamestown -Christopher Newport -Captain John Smith -John Rolfe -Pocahontas -Chief Powhatan
11: Charters -It authorized the establishment of colonies in north America -Allowed for a Representative form of all government -It extended English rights to the Jamestown settlers
12: Capital move Jamestown to Williamsburg Williamsburg to Richmond
13: French and Indian | Made the colonists pay for the war, British vs French and Indians
14: Taxes sugar act stamp act Townshend act
15: problems in Boston Boston massacre Boston tea party sons of liberty patriots
16: Colonists vs England Patriots vs Loyalist George Washington vs Lord Cornwallis Sons of Liberty vs King George 3
17: Important Patriots George Washington Patrick Henry Thomas Jefferson James Lafayette Jack Jouett Paul Revere Ben Franklin
18: slaves were dived in war. -African and American Indians were divided in war
20: Woman farming, making cloth, & caring for the sick, they took care of the people who were sick from the war | they would help these people
21: battles | Lexington in concord Great bridge Saratoga Yorktown Boston Massacre Boston Tea Party
22: they magical treaty | they treaty of Paris ended the American Revolution
23: Contributions to a new nation | George Mason George Washington Thomas Jefferson James Madison
24: Tobacco | Virginians travels south and west for better farm land since tobacco sucks up the nutrients from the soil
25: branches of government | there are 3 branches of Virginia government the judicial branch, executive branch and the legislative branch
26: Harriet Tubman was an abolitionist. She helped over 300 lives as a conductor on the underground railroad. John Brown was also an abolitionist as well. He led a raid on the united states armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. He was unsuccessful. Nat Turner was an abolitionist. He led a revolt against plantation owners in Virginia. He killed nearly 60 white men, woman and children.
27: The north's economy made there money by working in factories which held machines The south's economy made their money by farming and selling there crops
28: Creation of West Virginia | Virginia separated into two. West Virginia was against slavery and the other half wanted to be a Confederate state.
29: The Union | The north had an amazing president. President Lincoln. They also had Ulysses S. Grant as there General.
30: Confedaracy | The Confederacy had Jefferson Davis as there president and had Robert E. lee as there genarale.
32: Important Battles | Beware, My, Foot, Can, Punt, Red, Apples Bull Run, Monitor and Merrimack, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Petersburg, Richmond, Appomattox Court house
33: The Confederacy surrenders | the Confederacy surrenders at Appomattox court house.
34: Recon after the civil war, land was destroyed, they had no banks and there money was useless in the south.
35: struction free mans bureau provided food and medical care. sharecropping gave farmland and the people split the profit.
36: after the civil war | Jim crow laws were made which made descrimination and segregation.
37: Virginia's economy | people have the money to make cities.
38: civil rights leaders | -Thomas woodrow wilson -george c. marshell -maggie walker -harry f. byrd -arther ashe -dougles wilder -oliver hill -linwood holton
39: 20 & 21 century | rural:life in the counrty urban:life in the city old systems of farming were no longer effective and crop prices were low. people moved from rural to urban areas and from many other states for economic opportuities.